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Scientific classification e
(unranked): SAR
Infrakingdom: Alveolata
Phylum: Ciliophora
Subphylum: Postciliodesmatophora
Class: Karyorelictea
Order: Loxodida
Family: Loxodidae
Genus: Remanella
Foissner, 1996[1]

See text

Remanella is a genus of karyorelict ciliates, belonging to family Loxodidae.[1][2] Whereas Remanella inhabits brackish and marine waters, Loxodes – the other loxodid genus – is a freshwater taxon.[3]


The genus name is a patronym honoring the German zoologist Adolf Remane (1898–1976), who contributed to the discovery of the marine interstitial fauna.[1]


Molecular phylogeny based on sequences of the SSU rRNA gene suggests that the genus Remanella might be paraphyletic with respect to a monophyletic genus Loxodes but this result is not strongly supported.[4]

Species list[edit]

At least 18 species are recognized in the genus Remanella:[2]


  1. ^ a b c Foissner, Wilhelm (1996). "A redescription of Remanella multinucleata (Kahl, 1933) nov. gen., nov. comb. (Ciliophora, Karyorelictea), emphasizing the infraciliature and extrusomes". European Journal of Protistology. 32 (2): 234–250. doi:10.1016/S0932-4739(96)80023-X.
  2. ^ a b "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Remanella Foissner, 1996". Retrieved 2017-02-15.
  3. ^ Kim, Ji-Hye; Kwon, Choon-Bong; Yoon, Jae-Sool; Shin, Mann-Kyoon (2009). "First Record of Three Loxodes Ciliates (Ciliophora: Loxodida: Loxodidae) from Korea". Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity. 25 (3): 301–308. doi:10.5635/kjsz.2009.25.3.301.
  4. ^ Xu, Yuan; Gao, Shan; Hu, Xiaozhong; Al-Rasheid, Khaled A. S.; Song, Weibo (2013-08-01). "Phylogeny and systematic revision of the karyorelictid genus Remanella (Ciliophora, Karyorelictea) with descriptions of two new species". European Journal of Protistology. 49 (3): 438–452. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2012.12.001. PMID 23434324.

External links[edit]