Riḍwan

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Painting of the expulsion from "The Garden" by Al-Hakim Nishapuri. Ridwan, who guards paradise, over the doors of the Garden.

Riḍwan (or Riswan) is an angel in Islam, who guards the gates of heaven. He namely appears in Mi'raj narration.[1] Ridwan also plays an important role as the guardian of heaven in the Qisas Al-Anbiya, here he must prevent Iblis from entering the keep of Adam, but was tricked by a serpent, who consealed Iblis in his mouth, carrying him past the guardian.[2] His name probably developed from the Quranic term riḍwan. However, in the Quranic usage, it does not refer to an angel.[3]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Stephen Burge Angels in Islam: Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti's al-Haba'ik fi Akhbar al-malik Routledge 2015 ISBN 978-1-136-50473-0 chapter 6
  2. ^ Amira El-Zein Islam, Arabs, and Intelligent World of the Jinn Syracuse University Press 2009 ISBN 978-0-815-65070-6 page 98-9
  3. ^ Stephen Burge Angels in Islam: Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti's al-Haba'ik fi Akhbar al-malik Routledge 2015 ISBN 978-1-136-50473-0