Riga Radio and TV Tower

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Riga Radio and TV Tower
Rīgas radio un televīzijas tornis
RigaTVTower.jpg
General information
TypeMixed-use
LocationRiga, Latvia
Coordinates56°55′26″N 24°08′13″E / 56.9240°N 24.1370°E / 56.9240; 24.1370Coordinates: 56°55′26″N 24°08′13″E / 56.9240°N 24.1370°E / 56.9240; 24.1370
Construction started1979
Completed1989
Height
Antenna spire368 m (1,207 ft)
Roof222 m (728 ft)
Technical details
Lifts/elevators4
Design and construction
Architect
  • Kims Nikuradze[1][2]
  • Nikolajs Sergijevskis[2]
  • Viktors Savčenko[2]

The Riga Radio and TV Tower (Latvian: Rīgas radio un televīzijas tornis) in Riga, Latvia is the tallest tower in the European Union. It was built between 1979 and 1989 with funding from the central government of the Soviet Union. Its highest point reaches 368 metres (1,207 ft), which makes it the third tallest tower in Europe (after the Ostankino Tower at 540 metres (1,770 ft) and the Kiev TV Tower at 385 metres (1,263 ft)) and the 15th tallest self-supporting tower in the world.

Features[edit]

Aerial view of Zaķusala and the Daugava

There was a restaurant, "Vēja roze" ("Wind Rose"), at the 93-metre (305 ft) level, which was open since the completion of the tower until 2006.[3] There is a public observation platform just above it at 97 metres (318 ft), from which most of the city and surroundings and the Gulf of Riga can be seen.[4][5]

SInce May 2019, the tower is closed to visitors for about five years until 2023 due to the renovation and expansion of the visitors' area and the adjacent territory under the TV Tower 2.0 project.[6][7] A restaurant would also return to the tower alongside the opening of the tower's bomb shelter and the installment of a 500 kg Foucault pendulum. The estimated costs are €40-50 million.[8]

Construction[edit]

The design chosen for the tower was that of Georgian architect Kims Nikurdze.[1] Also credited are Nikolajs Sergijevskis and Viktors Savčenko.[2] Construction materials included dolomite from Saaremaa, Karelian granite, and ironwork that had been prefabricated in Chelyabinsk. The assembly was done by the St Petersburg North-western Ironwork Assembly Trust.[1]

The tower is built on an island called Zaķusala (English: Hare Island) in the middle of the River Daugava, and the base of the tower is located about 7 metres (23 ft) above mean sea level. The tower is built to resist winds up to 44 metres per second (98 mph) without any noticeable vibration[citation needed] with the help of three 9.1-metric-ton (10-short-ton) dampers installed at the 198-metre (650 ft) level.[4] Though seismic activity is rare, the tower was designed to withstand a magnitude 7.5 earthquake.[4] The projected service life of the tower is 250 years.[1]

Bottom section[edit]

The support section of the tower rises the first 88 metres (289 ft), comprising the three pillars that give the tower its unusual appearance, and a central building that contains offices and machine rooms. There are two high-speed sloping elevators, one in the north-east pillar and one in the south-west pillar, that ascend the bottom section in just 42 seconds. The third pillar contains a staircase.[9] It is one of only three "tall" towers in the world that has 3 pillars;[citation needed] the others are the Avala Tower in Belgrade and Žižkov Television Tower in Prague.

Middle section[edit]

The middle section, at 88–222 metres (289–728 ft), contains equipment and a central elevator and is enclosed by panels of COR-TEN, an aluminum-iron alloy.[9]

Top section[edit]

The top section, at 222–368 metres (728–1,207 ft), is a cylindrical structure which supports and contains the various antennas, and is topped by a flagpole. An elevator rises to the machine rooms at the 308-metre (1,010 ft) level, and stairs ascend another 44 metres (144 ft).[4][9]

Operations[edit]

The tower started broadcasting regularly in January 1986, though construction work continued until 1989.[10]

The following television channels are broadcast from the tower:[10]

The following radio stations broadcast from the tower:[10]

Frequency Station
90.0 Radio SWH Gold
90.7 Latvijas Radio 1
91.5 Latvijas Radio 2
94.5 Retro FM
95.8 Latvijas Radio 6 - Naba
101.8 Latvijas Kristīgais Radio
103.7 Latvijas Radio 3 - Klasika
104.3 European Hit Radio
105.2 Radio SWH
105.7 Radio SWH+
106.8 Radio TEV
107.2 Radio Skonto
107.7 Latvijas Radio 4 - Doma laukums

There is a DAB+ test on channel 12D.

Additionally, broadcast and two-way communications services are provided for various organizations and government agencies.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^† Sources vary slightly as to the exact height: The official website shows 368 metres (1,207 ft);[1] Emporis claims the exact equivalent, 1,207.35 feet (368.00 m);[4] Structurae claims 368.5 metres (1,209 ft).[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "TV Tornis : Construction/design". www.tvtornis.lv. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d Strautmanis, Jānis Krastiņš; Ivars (2002). Lielais Rīgas arhitektūras ceļvedis (in Latvian). Rīga: Puse. pp. 286, 371, 372. ISBN 9789984527611. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  3. ^ "TV TOWER'S HISTORY". VAS LATVIJAS VALSTS RADIO UN TELEVĪZIJAS CENTRS. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Riga TV Tower, Riga : Building 110997 : EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  5. ^ "TV Tornis : Excursions". www.tvtornis.lv. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  6. ^ "TV TOWER 2.0". VAS LATVIJAS VALSTS RADIO UN TELEVĪZIJAS CENTRS. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
  7. ^ "TOUR ON THE TV TOWER". VAS LATVIJAS VALSTS RADIO UN TELEVĪZIJAS CENTRS. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
  8. ^ "Television tower to turn into major tourist attraction". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 2018-09-26. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
  9. ^ a b c "TV Tornis : Technical information". www.tvtornis.lv. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d "Radiostacijas Rīgā". radiomap.eu. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Riga Television Tower (Riga, 1986) : Structurae". structurae.net. Retrieved 14 September 2014.

External links[edit]