Right atrial pressure
Right atrial pressure (RAP) is the blood pressure in the right atrium of the heart. RAP reflects the amount of blood returning to the heart and the ability of the heart to pump the blood into the arterial system. RAP is often nearly identical to central venous pressure (CVP), although the two terms are not identical, as a pressure differential can sometimes exist between the venae cavae and the right atrium. CVP and RAP can differ when venous tone (i.e the degree of venous constriction) is altered. This can be graphically depicted as changes in the slope of the venous return plotted against right atrial pressure (where central venous pressure increases, but right atrial pressure stays the same; VR = CVP − RAP).
Factors affecting RAP
Factors that increase RAP include:
- Forced exhalation
- Tension pneumothorax
- Heart failure
- Pleural effusion
- Decreased cardiac output
- Cardiac tamponade
- Mechanical ventilation and the application of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)
- Pulmonary Hypertension
- Pulmonary Embolism
Factors that decrease RAP include:
- "Central Venous Catheter Physiology". Retrieved 2009-02-27.