Rishra

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Rishra
City
Rishra is located in West Bengal
Rishra
Rishra
Location in West Bengal, India
Rishra is located in India
Rishra
Rishra
Rishra (India)
Coordinates: 22°43′N 88°21′E / 22.71°N 88.35°E / 22.71; 88.35Coordinates: 22°43′N 88°21′E / 22.71°N 88.35°E / 22.71; 88.35
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Nearest CitySerampore
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyRishra Municipality
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total112,355
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
712248, 712250
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencySerampore
Vidhan Sabha constituencySerampore


Cities and towns in the Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Block in Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal city/town, CT: census city/town

Rishra is a city under municipality in Srirampore subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).[1]

History[edit]

The origin of Rishra situated on the right bank of the River Hugli dates back to the pre-colonial era. The reference of Rishra was first seen to have occurred in Bipradas Piplai’s “Manasamangal Kavya”, written in the fifteenth century. At the time of giving a description of the movement of Chand Saudagar along the River Bhagirathi in a barge for the business. There has been further and marked an evolution in the said spelling down the era as Reshra, Risshra, Isharah, Ichera, Icchra, etc. In Jadavpur University a research work was conducted in respect of the names of villages in our country. It was noticed that there are several villages in our country in a single name. But the name of Rishra has been found to be unique during such research exercise. In the book written on traveling description by a French traveler Vernia, the name of the Rishra village was noticed which was situated eight miles away from Kolkata. During the Sen Dynasty, it is told that there were hermitages of the saints (Rishi) on the bank of the river Bhagirathi. It is presumed that the name “Rishra” might have been derived from the word Saint or Rishi with whom it is believed to have been associated over a pretty long time in the past. During the Mughal period, the village Rishra and its suburbs were thickly populated. The hot and humid climate of the area was congenial to the textile industry. The land was thus famous for textile and silk weaving. The Hindu weavers here used to manufacture fine cotton pieces, while Muslim weavers monopolized in silk manufacture. In the fertile land in and around the area, paddy, jute, and betel-leaf were grown in abundance. The Kaibartas utilized the marshy land for fishing. During the last phase of the industrialization under the Danish rule, the entire civic administration was completely disrupted. After taking over the possession of the town of Serampore, the British Company began to look after its civic amenities. The earlier “village committee” was transformed into Serampore Municipality. Rishra and Konnanagar were included. [2]

Rishra Ferry Ghat in the early morning, August 2016
Rishra Ferry Ghat

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Rishra from the top of a building

Rishra is positioned between Serampore on the north and Konnagar on the south, and between the Hooghly on the east and Delhi Highway on the west. Rishra can be broadly divided into two parts mainly: East Rishra (the eastern side of the Rishra Station bound by River Hooghly) and West Rishra (the western side of the Rishra Station extended up to Delhi Highway). Rishra Station is located almost in the north and end of the town. G.T road is the main route to connect Rishra with other nearby cities.

Police station[edit]

Rishra police station has jurisdiction over Rishra municipal areas.[3][4]

Map of Municipal Corporations and Municipalities.

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India, Rishra had a total population of 112,355 of which 66,606 (53%) were males and 57,971 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 12,222. The total number of literates in Rishra was 98,753 (87.89% of the population over 6 years).[5]

The following Municipalities and Census Towns in Hooghly district were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in 2011 census: Bansberia (M), Hugli-Chinsurah (M), Bara Khejuria (Out Growth), Shankhanagar (CT), Amodghata (CT), Chak Bansberia (CT), Naldanga (CT), Kodalia (CT), Kulihanda (CT), Simla (CT), Dharmapur (CT), Bhadreswar (M), Champdani (M), Chandannagar (M Corp.), Baidyabati (M), Serampore (M), Rishra (M), Rishra (CT), Bamunari (CT), Dakshin Rajyadharpur (CT), Nabagram Colony (CT), Konnagar (M), Uttarpara Kotrung (M), Raghunathpur (PS-Dankuni) (CT), Kanaipur (CT) and Keota (CT).[6]

As of 2001 India census, Rishra had a population of 113,259. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Rishra has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 69%. In Rishra, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.[7]

Culture[edit]

Though Hindus are in the majority, Rishra has always been a multicultural, multifaceted township and has celebrated almost all religious festivals of all the major ethnic communities with equal enthusiasm. Being an old industrial township, it has a number of temples and mosques.

The oldest clubs are Rishra Club, Arora Club, Rishra Sporting,Rishra Town Club, Rishra Swimming club and Rishra Swijim Club.

Many local social organizations perform various social and religious works. These organizations include Prem Mandir Ashram, Kshyapa Baba Ashram, Siddheswari Kali Mandir, Goudia Math, Maheshwari Sabha, Marwadi Yuva Manch, Rishra Sevak Sangh, Rishra Jagaran Mandal, Shyam Bhakt Mandal, Shri Satya Sai Seva Samiti, JaiDada Bhakt Mandal, Hanuman Prem Mandal. Non-religious sociocultural organization, Aikyatan Ganasanstrik Sangha, near Kalitala neighbourhood, provides free educational and physical training to the local children.

Durga Puja, Jagaddhatri Puja, Kali Puja, Id, Christmas, Chhath Pooja ,Moharram and almost all religious customs of all the major communities are celebrated with equal zest throughout the year. However amongst the attractions and festivities of Rishra, main is Jagaddhatri puja the invocation of Goddess Jagadhatri in the month of November is being celebrated largely all over. There is also the annual Rishra Fair that is held each year in the month of January and held with much fanfare. Diwali and Holi are two major festivals celebrated with great spirit by all the respective cast. Daw of Sasthitala Street, Banerjee of N.K. Banerjee Street, Pakrashi of N.C. Pakrashi Lane, Mukherjee of Dewanjee Street, Sadhukhan, Laha, Halder of Panchanantala Street are some famous families.

The population is a complete combination of Hindustani, Oriyas, Biharis, Gujarati, Marwadis and few others like Bengali. Sometimes it is jocularly commented that if you[who?] visit Rishra you will be able to see all the classes and communities of people in India, perhaps the main reason for the vibrancy of Rishra. Rishra enjoys a vibrant community life and has more linguistic as well as religious diversity than most other towns in West Bengal.

Education[edit]

The oldest primary school in Rishra is the Bangla School alias Rishra Prathamik Balak Vidyalaya and the oldest high school is Rishra Uccha Vidyalaya, built in the year 1931 by Pramathanath Daw and Haridhan Daw in memory of their father Hemchandra Daw. Rishra has other reputed schools such as Rishra Vani Bharati, Stepping Stone School, St. Mary's School, Gospel Home School, Radhika Town High School, Loreto High School, St. Thomas Academy, Rishra Anjuman High School, Fatema Girls High School, Rishra Vidhyapith Hindi High school, Rishra Brahmananda Keshab Chandra High School, Saibalini Devi Uccha Balika Vidyalaya, Rishra Girl's High School, Bamunari High School (H.S). Rishra has one famous college, named Bidhan Chandra College.

Rishra has good number of West Bengal board schools as well as CBSE and ICSE board schools. Due to this very reason students from nearby regions that is Konnagar, Sheoraphuli areas come here.

The Hooghly Chapter of THE INSTITUTE OF COMPANY SECRETARIES OF INDIA is also located in RISHRA for students and members of Company secretary course.

Economy[edit]

It is the major industrial area in Hooghly district, having factories like Jayashree Textiles, Aditya Birla Insulators (a unit of Aditya Birla Nuvo Limited) Hindustan National Glass,Berger Paints, PMC Rubber Chemicals, Hastings Jute Mill, The Phosphate Co.LTD., Laxmi Narayan Cotton Mills,Bindawala Cables, R.S. Ispat, The orion corp India, Wellington Jute Mill, Fort William Industries, Pathak Printing Press A Unit of Note Book Manufacturing, Design & Print.

Rishra, as most of the Hooghly district, has shown signs of the gradual declining of jute industries in Bengal after the partition of India in 1947. Rishra was home to the first jute mill in India under the British Raj (the Hastings Jute Mill). Some shops are very famous like Felu Modak, Satyacgharan Mistanna Bhandar, Khabar Ghar, Sadhukhan Stores, Aapan, Big Ben, Daw Bedding Stores, Shaws of Sandhya Bazar area, Daws of Charbati, etc.

Many nationalized and private banks have opened their branches in Rishra, including State Bank of India, Allahabad Bank, UCO Bank, United Bank of India (two branches), Punjab National Bank, Central Bank of India, Hooghly District Cooperative Bank Limited, Bank of Baroda, and Canara Bank. The names of existing private sector banks are Axis Bank, ICICI Bank, Standard Chartered and Bandhan Bank

Civic affairs[edit]

The municipality is now being governed by Trinamool Congress Party leader Bijay Sagar Mishra who is the present Chairman of the Rishra Municipality.

Rishra has a busy railway station. K.C SEN ROAD connects the railway station to Delhi road (NH2) in the west. and N.K Bannerjee Street, R.B.C Road and Sasthitala Street connects G.T road to the station. there are many other roads lead to G.T road named N.S. Road, Maitree Path, P.T. Laha Street. there are many playground in the city including a big ground named Lenin Ground. many skyscrapers are there in the city. 19 storied building situated in the west part of the city Rishra Keventers. There are many restaurants and eateries like The Southern Spice, Yummy China, The Classic Restaurants, Appayan Restaurant, Charkol, Shubham Restaurant and sweets shops like Felumodak & Annapurna sweets shop etc. Cons. : In Rishra there is no full time hospital for emergency treatment. Rishra Seva Sadan could be modernise for 24 hours medical facility. There is no in between stream line connectivity from GT Road to Delhi Road; Subway is very much required under rail truck. Special RISHRA local trains are also required due to increase of crowd.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
  2. ^ http://rishramunicipality.org/history/
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Hooghly District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  5. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.