Robert Balfour, 3rd Earl of Balfour

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The Earl of Balfour
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
14 January 1945 – 28 November 1968
Hereditary peerage
Preceded byThe 2nd Earl of Balfour
Succeeded byThe 4th Earl of Balfour
Personal details
Born31 December 1902
Died28 November 1968(1968-11-28) (aged 65)
Spouse(s)
Jean Lily West Roundel Cooke-Yarborough (m. 1925)
Children4; including Gerald Balfour, 4th Earl of Balfour
ParentsGerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour
Lady Betty Bulwer-Lytton
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge

Robert Arthur Lytton Balfour, 3rd Earl of Balfour (31 December 1902 – 28 November 1968), styled Viscount Traprain between 1930 and 1945, was a Scottish peer.

Balfour was the son of Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour, and the nephew of Arthur Balfour. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant in the service of the Royal Naval Reserve and fought in the Second World War.

On 12 February 1925, he married Jean Lily West Roundel Cooke-Yarborough (1900–1981). They had four children:

From 1952 to 1954, he chaired the Royal Commission on Scottish Affairs, which as a result is also referred to as the Balfour Commission.

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Masonic offices
Preceded by
Norman Orr-Ewing
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

1939–1942
Succeeded by
John Christie Stewart
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Gerald Balfour
Earl of Balfour
1945–1968
Succeeded by
Gerald Balfour