Robert Evander McNair

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Robert McNair
An undated portrait of South Carolina Governor Robert E. McNair.jpg
108th Governor of South Carolina
In office
April 22, 1965 – January 19, 1971
LieutenantJohn C. West
Preceded byDonald S. Russell
Succeeded byJohn C. West
79th Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina
In office
January 15, 1963 – April 22, 1965
GovernorDonald S. Russell
Preceded byBurnet R. Maybank Jr.
Succeeded byJohn C. West
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the Allendale County district
In office
January 9, 1951 – January 8, 1963
Preceded byAudrey Williams
Succeeded byGeorge Kearse
Personal details
Born
Robert Evander McNair

(1923-12-14)December 14, 1923
Cades, South Carolina, U.S.
DiedNovember 17, 2007(2007-11-17) (aged 83)
Columbia, South Carolina, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Josephine Robinson
EducationUniversity of South Carolina, Columbia (BA, JD)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Navy
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsBronze Star

Robert Evander McNair Sr. (December 14, 1923 – November 17, 2007) was the 108th governor of South Carolina, a Democrat, who served from 1965 to 1971.

Biography[edit]

McNair was born in Cades, a town in Williamsburg County, South Carolina. In 1944, he married Josephine Robinson of Allendale, South Carolina. He served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, having been awarded a Bronze Star. After the war, he completed his bachelor's degree in 1947 at the University of South Carolina, where he was a member of the Euphradian Society.[1] He received a law degree at the same school in 1948. While attending USC, McNair served as the first Governor of the South Carolina Student Legislature and was initiated into the Kappa Sigma fraternity. He practiced law in Moncks Corner and Allendale, South Carolina, from which he was elected in 1950 to the South Carolina House of Representatives. He was elected lieutenant governor in 1962, then succeeded Donald S. Russell in 1965 when Russell resigned with the understanding that McNair would appoint him to a then-vacant United States Senate seat.[2]

McNair at his inauguration

McNair won the 1966 general election over State Representative Joseph O. Rogers, Jr., of Manning, the first Republican gubernatorial nominee in South Carolina in the 20th century.[3]

McNair was a pro-education governor. After his term as governor, he originated McNair Law Firm, P.A. in Columbia. He was inducted into the South Carolina Hall of Fame, and awarded an honorary doctorate in 2005 by Francis Marion University, a school which he signed into creation while governor in 1970. On May 21, 2009, McNair was inducted into the South Carolina Business Hall of Fame.

McNair was governor during the Orangeburg Massacre in 1968, which he blamed on Black Power advocates, and called it a stain on the state's good record in civil rights. He said it was "one of the saddest days in the history of South Carolina." Following this, McNair became much more proactive in working to defuse tensions that were present during the integration of the public schools.

McNair was diagnosed with a cancerous brain tumor during a checkup on September 28, 2007,[4] from which he died in Charleston on November 17.[5]

The following week, on November 25, 2007, the late Governor McNair's widow, former First Lady of South Carolina, Josephine Robinson McNair, died at age 84.

On December 19, 2007, about a month after her parents died, Claudia Crawford McNair, died at age 50. She was from Jamestown in Berkeley County, South Carolina.

On January 22, 2008, Governor and Mrs. McNair's only son, Robert E. McNair, Jr., of Columbia, died at age 60 after a seven-year battle with cancer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grose, Philip (2006). South Carolina at the Brink: Robert McNair and the Politics of Civil Rights. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. p. 50.
  2. ^ Edgar, Walter, ed. The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, pp. 615–616, ISBN 1-57003-598-9
  3. ^ "Joseph Oscar Rogers, Jr". law.sc.edu. Retrieved May 3, 2014.
  4. ^ Former Gov. Robert McNair hospitalized with brain tumor
  5. ^ Former SC Gov. Robert McNair dies at 83 Archived November 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Burnet R. Maybank Jr.
Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina
1963–1965
Succeeded by
John C. West
Preceded by
Donald S. Russell
Governor of South Carolina
1963–1965
Party political offices
Preceded by
Donald S. Russell
Democratic nominee for Governor of South Carolina
1966
Succeeded by
John C. West
Preceded by
Harold Hughes
Chair of the Democratic Governors Association
1968–1969
Succeeded by
John N. Dempsey