Rolette County, North Dakota

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Rolette County, North Dakota
St. John ND Border Station.jpg
Map of North Dakota highlighting Rolette County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 4, 1873 (created)
October 14, 1884 (organized)
Named forJoseph Rolette
SeatRolla
Largest communityBelcourt
Area
 • Total939 sq mi (2,432 km2)
 • Land903 sq mi (2,339 km2)
 • Water36 sq mi (93 km2), 3.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)14,301
 • Density16.1/sq mi (6.2/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.rolettecounty.com

Rolette County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 13,937.[1] Its county seat is Rolla.[2]

History[edit]

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on January 4, 1873, with territory partitioned from Buffalo County. It was not organized at that date, and was not attached to another county for judicial or administrative purposes. It was named for Joseph Rolette Jr., a fur trader and political figure from Pembina. The county government was effected on October 14, 1884, with Dunseith as the county seat. In 1885 the county seat was assigned to Saint John, and in 1889 it was assigned to Rolla.

The county boundaries were adjusted in 1883 and in 1887. It has retained its present boundary configuration since 1887.[3][4]

The International Peace Garden is located in the northwest corner of the county along the Canada–United States border with Manitoba.

Geography[edit]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Rolette County lies on the north line of North Dakota. Its north boundary line abuts the south boundary line of Canada. Gimby Creek and Wakopa Creek flow into the northern county area from Canada. The terrain consists of dry rolling hills in the south, and more verdant low hills in the north and northwest, dotted with lakes and ponds.[5]

Part of the Turtle Mountain plateau lies in the northwestern part of the county. The terrain slopes to the south and east; its highest point is its NW corner, at 2,195' (669m) ASL.[6]

The Turtle Mountain Indian Reservation is in the NE part of Rolette County.

Rolette County has a total area of 939 square miles (2,430 km2), of which 903 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 36 square miles (93 km2) (3.9%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Belcourt Lake
  • Bigham Lake
  • Bymes Lake
  • Carpenter Lake
  • Coon Lake
  • Gatten Lake
  • Girl Lake
  • Gordon Lake
  • Hartley Lake (part)
  • Horseshoe Lake
  • Island Lake
  • Lagerquist Lake
  • Lake Upsilon
  • Little Gurr Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Lords Lake (part)
  • Lyde Lake
  • Mill Lake
  • Rabb Lake
  • School Section Lake
  • Schutte Lake
  • South Messier Lake (part)
  • Sucker Lake
  • Twin Lake
  • Twin Lakes (part)
  • Willow Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,427
19007,995229.4%
19109,55819.5%
192010,0615.3%
193010,7606.9%
194012,58316.9%
195011,102−11.8%
196010,641−4.2%
197011,5498.5%
198012,1775.4%
199012,7724.9%
200013,6747.1%
201013,9371.9%
Est. 201814,301[8]2.6%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 13,674 people, 4,556 households, and 3,366 families in the county. The population density was 15.1/sqmi (5.85/km²). There were 5,027 housing units at an average density of 5.57/sqmi (2.15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 25.12% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 73.01% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.3% were of Norwegian and 7.4% German ancestry. 94.6% spoke English, 1.3% Ojibwa, 1.0% French Cree and 1.0% Cree as their first language.

There were 4,556 households out of which 43.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.00% were married couples living together, 22.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.45.

The county population contained 36.50% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 18.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,232, and the median income for a family was $29,744. Males had a median income of $24,288 versus $20,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,873. About 28.00% of families and 31.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.20% of those under age 18 and 19.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 13,937 people, 4,783 households, and 3,413 families in the county.[13] The population density was 15.4/sqmi (5.96/km²). There were 5,372 housing units at an average density of 5.95/sqmi (2.30/km²).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 77.2% American Indian, 20.3% white, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 48.5% were French Canadian, 7.0% were German, 6.8% were Norwegian, and 0.3% were American.[15]

Of the 4,783 households, 44.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.39. The median age was 30.5 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $28,265 and the median income for a family was $35,523. Males had a median income of $35,595 versus $27,459 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,632. About 25.9% of families and 31.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.5% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Kohlmeier
  • Maryville
  • Shell Valley
  • South Valley
  • Holmes

Politics[edit]

Probably due to its Native American majority population, Rolette County voters are historically Democratic, more consistently so than other such counties in North Dakota. Since 1928 the only Republican to carry the county was Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952.[17] It was the only county in the state to support George McGovern in 1972 and is additionally the only North Dakota county to have supported Jimmy Carter in 1980.[18] In each of the five presidential elections from 1996 to 2012, the Democratic candidate received over 60% of the vote, with Barack Obama winning 75.1% in 2008 and 74.0% in 2012.[19][20] In 2016, Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton received 57.3% of the county's votes,[21] one of the two North Dakota counties that she carried.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 32.4% 1,217 55.9% 2,099 11.7% 439
2012 24.0% 1,092 73.7% 3,353 2.4% 107
2008 23.1% 1,045 75.1% 3,403 1.9% 86
2004 34.4% 1,392 63.4% 2,564 2.2% 88
2000 32.2% 1,416 61.0% 2,681 6.9% 301
1996 22.9% 823 63.8% 2,299 13.3% 479
1992 24.8% 895 55.5% 2,002 19.7% 709
1988 31.2% 1,126 67.3% 2,426 1.5% 54
1984 39.4% 1,479 58.1% 2,179 2.5% 93
1980 44.8% 1,599 46.6% 1,660 8.6% 307
1976 29.6% 1,094 68.5% 2,531 1.8% 68
1972 48.1% 1,713 50.7% 1,803 1.2% 43
1968 37.2% 1,211 57.5% 1,870 5.3% 172
1964 25.8% 892 74.2% 2,566
1960 35.3% 1,277 64.6% 2,335 0.1% 3
1956 45.4% 1,444 54.4% 1,728 0.2% 6
1952 65.0% 2,188 34.5% 1,160 0.5% 17
1948 41.1% 1,179 54.6% 1,565 4.4% 125
1944 37.8% 1,070 61.6% 1,745 0.6% 17
1940 35.4% 1,555 64.2% 2,820 0.4% 17
1936 19.3% 857 71.9% 3,186 8.8% 389
1932 19.6% 706 79.2% 2,855 1.2% 43
1928 37.5% 1,327 61.6% 2,181 0.9% 31
1924 35.9% 869 5.7% 137 58.4% 1,413
1920 75.1% 2,139 18.8% 535 6.2% 176
1916 40.0% 600 50.8% 762 9.2% 138
1912 26.7% 339 31.2% 396 42.0% 533[23]
1908 55.3% 811 36.1% 529 8.6% 126
1904 66.4% 912 26.6% 366 7.0% 96
1900 60.4% 566 37.9% 355 1.7% 16

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Rolette County ND Google Maps (accessed 24 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Rolette County ND" Google Maps (accessed 24 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  17. ^ Geographie Electorale
  18. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for North Dakota by election)
  19. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on North Dakota)
  20. ^ 2012 presidential election results from North Dakota, New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
  21. ^ 2016 presidential election results from North Dakota, New York Times (December 20, 2016). Retrieved December 27, 2016.
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  23. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 322 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 184 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 27 votes.

Coordinates: 48°46′N 99°50′W / 48.77°N 99.84°W / 48.77; -99.84