Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport

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Diocese of Davenport

Dioecesis Davenportensis
2019 Sacred Heart Cathedral - Davenport, Iowa 03.jpg
Sacred Heart Cathedral
Coat of arms of the Diocese of Davenport
Coat of arms
CountryUnited States
Territory22 Counties in the Southeast quadrant of Iowa
Ecclesiastical provinceDubuque
MetropolitanMichael Owen Jackels
Coordinates41°32′48.34″N 90°34′57.93″W / 41.5467611°N 90.5827583°W / 41.5467611; -90.5827583Coordinates: 41°32′48.34″N 90°34′57.93″W / 41.5467611°N 90.5827583°W / 41.5467611; -90.5827583
Area11,438 sq mi (29,620 km2)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
104,300 (13.3%)
DenominationCatholic Church
RiteRoman Rite
EstablishedMay 8, 1881 (138 years ago)
CathedralSacred Heart Cathedral
Current leadership
BishopThomas Zinkula
Bishops emeritusMartin John Amos
William Edwin Franklin
Diocese of Davenport.jpg

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport (Latin: Dioecesis Davenportensis) is a diocese of the Catholic Church for the southeastern quarter of the U.S. state of Iowa. There are 11,438 square miles (29,620 km2) within the diocese. The diocese's eastern border is at the Mississippi River; the northern border comprises the counties of Jasper, Poweshiek, Iowa, Johnson, Cedar, and Clinton; the western border is made up of the counties of Jasper, Marion, Monroe, and Appanoose; and the southern border is the Iowa-Missouri border.

The current bishop of the diocese is Bishop Thomas Zinkula. It is a suffragan see of the Archdiocese of Dubuque. The See city for the diocese is Davenport. Sacred Heart Cathedral is the cathedral church.


St. Vincent Center, the Diocesan Pastoral Center

Before 1881, the Diocese of Dubuque's territory comprised the entire state of Iowa. Previous divisions had taken territory outside the state of Iowa from the Diocese to give to other newly created Dioceses. Eventually, Bishop John Hennessy became convinced that the Dubuque Diocese should be further divided, with the Dubuque Diocese covering the northern half of the state, and the southern half covered by a new diocese. Hennessy felt that the See of this new Diocese should have been located at Des Moines, Iowa. However the Holy See chose Davenport as the See city of this Diocese.

On June 14, 1881 the southern territory of the Dubuque Diocese was taken to form the Diocese of Davenport.[1][2] Fr. John McMullen, a priest in the Archdiocese of Chicago was chosen to be the first Bishop. Bishop McMullen was consecrated by Archbishop Patrick Feehan of Chicago, Bishop John Hennessy of Dubuque, and Bishop John Lancaster Spalding of Peoria.

The Diocese of Davenport was split in two on August 12, 1911, which reduced it to its current size. The Diocese of Des Moines became the See city of this new diocese, which covered the southwestern quarter of the state of Iowa.

Sexual Abuse Scandal[edit]

In recent years, the diocese of Davenport has been affected by the abuse scandal involving members of the clergy and focused on Bishop Lawrence Soens. On October 10, 2006, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport filed for Chapter 11 protection.[3] By November 27, 2007, $37 million had been allocated to 156 persons.[4][5]

Higher education[edit]

From its very beginning the diocese has a history of supporting higher education. At one time there were four Catholic colleges within the boundaries of the Diocese of Davenport. Today there is only one, Saint Ambrose University.

Christ the King Chapel at St. Ambrose.

St. Ambrose began as a seminary and school of commerce for young men in September 1882. It was founded by the diocese’s first bishop, Rt. Rev. John McMullen, in the school building of St. Margaret’s Cathedral. The school moved to its current location in 1885. Its name was changed to St. Ambrose College in 1908 to better reflect its identity. The school grew steadily over the years and in 1987 it became St. Ambrose University.[6]

The Congregation of the Humility of Mary founded two schools in the diocese. The first school was established at their motherhouse when it was in Ottumwa. Founded as Visitation Academy in 1864, it had several name changes until 1930 when it was named Ottumwa Heights College. Ottumwa Heights merged with Indian Hills Community College, a part of the state of Iowa’s community college system, in 1979 and has been officially inactive since 1980. The community’s former motherhouse and college property has been IHCC’s main campus since 1981.[7]

The Sisters of Humility also founded Marycrest College in Davenport as the woman’s division of St. Ambrose in 1939. By the 1950s it had become a separate institution, and it started admitting men in 1969. The school, however, started to decline in enrollment as well as financially. In 1990, Marycrest became affiliated with the Teikyo Yamanashi Education and Welfare Foundation of Japan and was renamed Teikyo Marycrest University. In 1996, the institution's name was changed to Marycrest International University in an attempt to reflect its global mission. However, enrollment continued to decline and financial difficulties persisted and the school closed in 2002.[8] The campus continues intact and in 2006 it became Marycrest Senior Campus, a residential facility for senior citizens.[9] It has no affiliation with the diocese.

Mount Saint Clare, c. 1920

The Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi established Mt. St. Claire College for women in 1918 in Clinton. The college began offering graduate courses over the internet in 2002 and changed its name to The Franciscan University. In 2004, the school modified its name to The Franciscan University of the Prairies, so as to avoid confusion with similarly named institutions. In 2005, the school was purchased by Bridgepoint Education, Inc. and the sisters ended their sponsorship. The school became known as Ashford University and closed in 2016.[10]

Since 1947 the diocese has supported a dedicated campus ministry program at the Newman Catholic Student Center at the University of Iowa in Iowa City.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms for the Diocese of Davenport was designed after the arms used by members of the Davenport family in England. The family's arms are described as, "Argent (white or silver), a chevron sable (black) between three cross crosslets fitchée of the second."[11] The diocesan shield maintains the use of the silver color and the black cross crosslets fitchée. The black chevron is replaced with a black crenellated tower.


Ordinaries of the Diocese of Davenport
From Until Name Notes
1881 1883 John McMullen Appointed bishop June 14, 1881; consecrated July 25, 1881; installed July 30, 1881; died in office July 4, 1883[12]
1884 1906 Henry Cosgrove Appointed bishop July 11, 1884; consecrated and installed September 14, 1884; died in office December 22, 1906[13]
1906 1926 James J. Davis Appointed Titular Bishop of Milopotamus and Coadjutor bishop October 7, 1904; consecrated November 30, 1904; succeeded December 22, 1906; died in office December 2, 1926[14]
1927 1944 Henry Rohlman Appointed bishop May 20, 1927; consecrated July 25, 1927; installed July 26, 1927; appointed Titular Archbishop of Macra and Coadjutor Archbishop of Dubuque September 8, 1944[15]
1944 1966 Ralph Leo Hayes Previously Bishop of Helena and rector of the Pontifical North American College; appointed Bishop of Davenport November 16, 1944; installed January 11, 1945; appointed Titular bishop of Naraggara and Bishop Emeritus October 20, 1966; died July 5, 1970[16]
1966 1993 Gerald Francis O'Keefe Previously Auxiliary Bishop of St. Paul; appointed Bishop of Davenport October 20, 1966; installed January 4, 1967; appointed Bishop Emeritus November 12, 1993; died April 12, 2000[17]
1993 2006 William Edwin Franklin Previously Auxiliary Bishop of Dubuque; appointed Bishop of Davenport November 12, 1993; installed January 20, 1994; appointed Bishop Emeritus October 12, 2006[18]
2006 2017 Martin John Amos Previously Auxiliary Bishop of Cleveland; appointed Bishop of Davenport October 12, 2006; installed November 20, 2006; appointed Bishop Emeritus April 19, 2017[19]
2017 Present Thomas Robert Zinkula Appointed bishop April 19, 2017; ordained and installed June 22, 2017[20]
Auxiliary Bishops of Davenport
From Until Name Notes
1923 1926 Edward D. Howard Appointed Titular Bishop of Isaura December 23, 1923; consecrated April 8, 1924; appointed Archbishop of Oregon City April 30, 1926[21]
Other priests of the Diocese of Davenport Who Became Bishops
From Until Name Notes
1881 1884 Henry Cosgrove Appointed Bishop of Davenport July 11, 1884[22]
1881 1906 James J. Davis Appointed Titular Bishop of Milopotamus and Coadjutor Bishop of Davenport October 7, 1904[14]
1911 1936 William Lawrence Adrian Appointed Bishop of Nashville February 2, 1936[23]
1939 1968 Maurice John Dingman Appointed Bishop of Des Moines April 2, 1968[24]
1950 1983 Lawrence Donald Soens Appointed Bishop of Sioux City June 15, 1983[25]
1994 2011 Robert Dwayne Gruss Appointed Bishop of Rapid City May 26, 2011; Appointed Bishop of Saginaw May 24, 2019[26]

Historic Structures[edit]

The following structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Some of the structures are no longer part of the diocese but are listed here because of their historical significance to the church.

Name[27] Image Year Location Style Architect Notes
Church of All Saints, Keokuk Church of All Saints Keokuk Iowa exterior.jpg 1879–1885 301 S. 9th Street
40°23′50″N 91°23′25″W / 40.39722°N 91.39028°W / 40.39722; -91.39028 (Church of All Saints (Keokuk, Iowa))
Gothic Revival William John Dillenburg Built as St. Peter’s Church and became the Church of All Saints when the three Keokuk parishes consoloidated into one parish in 1982.
Ambrose Hall SAU Ambrose Hall 01.JPG 1885 518 W. Locust Street
41°32′20″N 90°34′51″W / 41.53889°N 90.58083°W / 41.53889; -90.58083 (Ambrose Hall)
Second Empire Victor Huot Administrative building at Saint Ambrose University.
Democrat Building Democrat Building Davenport Iowa.jpg 1923 407-411 Brady Street
41°31′26″N 90°34′26″W / 41.52389°N 90.57389°W / 41.52389; -90.57389 (Democrat Building)
Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements Rudolph J.Clausen Owned by The Catholic Messenger in the mid 20th century and housed the paper's headquarters, newsroom and printing operations.
Henry Kahl House Henry Kahl House Davenport Iowa.jpg 1920 1101 W. 9th Street
41°31′41″N 90°35′18″W / 41.52806°N 90.58833°W / 41.52806; -90.58833 (Henry Kahl House)
Mission Revival
Spanish Revival
Arthur Ebeling Part of what was the Kahl Home for the Aged and Infirm, operated by the Carmelite Sisters.
Antoine LeClaire House Antoine LeClaire House.jpg 1855 630 E. 7th Street
41°31′37″N 90°33′54″W / 41.52694°N 90.56500°W / 41.52694; -90.56500 (Antoine LeClaire House)
Italianate Antoine LeClaire was instrumental in establishing St. Anthony’s and the Cathedral parishes in Davenport. The house became the residence of Bishops McMullen and Cosgrove (1881–1906).
F.H. Miller House F.H. Miller House.jpg 1871 1527 Brady Street
41°32′9″N 90°34′26″W / 41.53583°N 90.57389°W / 41.53583; -90.57389 (F.H. Miller House)
Italianate W.L. Carroll Residence of Bishops Davis and Rohlman and the Novitiate for the Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi of Clinton. The building is currently owned by Saint Ambrose University.
Regina Coeli Monastery The Abbey Center Bettendorf.jpg 1916 1401 Central Avenue
41°31′51″N 90°30′45″W / 41.53083°N 90.51250°W / 41.53083; -90.51250 (Regina Coeli Monastery)
Mission Revival
Spanish Revival
Romanesque Revival
Late Gothic Revival
Arthur Ebeling The building housed the Carmelite Nuns from 1916–1975, and was later a residence for a community of Franciscan Brothers. It became a four star hotel and is now a drug and alcohol rehab facility called The Abbey.
Marycrest College Historic District Marycrest International University.jpg 1938 Portions of the 1500 and 1600 blocks of W. 12th Street, Davenport
41°31′48″N 90°35′52″W / 41.53000°N 90.59778°W / 41.53000; -90.59778 (Marycrest College Historic District)
Queen Anne, others Multiple The campus of the former Marycrest College. Included is the former Petersen Mansion.
Sacred Heart Cathedral 2015 Sacred Heart Cathedral - Davenport, Iowa.JPG 1891 406 and 422 E. 10th Street and 419 E. 11th Street, Davenport
41°31′49″N 90°34′8″W / 41.53028°N 90.56889°W / 41.53028; -90.56889 (Sacred Heart Cathedral (Davenport, Iowa))
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Gothic Revival, Tudor Gothic James J. Egan The designation includes the cathedral church, rectory and the former convent.
St. Anthony’s Church, Davenport St. Anthony's Church Davenport Iowa.jpg Original church: 1838
Present church: 1853
407 and 417 Main Street
41°31′26″N 90°34′31″W / 41.52389°N 90.57528°W / 41.52389; -90.57528 (St. Anthony’s Catholic Church (Davenport, Iowa))
Greek Revival Multiple First parish established in the Diocese of Davenport. Its original building is still in use on the church property and is the oldest church building in use in Iowa. The NRHP designation includes both the original and current church.
St. Boniface Church, Clinton St. Boniface Church Clinton Iowa April '09.JPG 1908 2500 N. Pershing Blvd
41°52′27″N 90°10′50″W / 41.87417°N 90.18056°W / 41.87417; -90.18056 (St. Boniface Church (Clinton, Iowa))
Gothic Revival Martin Heer Former parish of the diocese. Merged with the other four Clinton parishes in 1990 to form Jesus Christ, Prince of Peace. The parish continued to use the building until 2007. St. Boniface now houses The Catholic Historical Center at St. Boniface.
St. Irenaeus Church, Clinton St. Irenaeus Church Clinton, Iowa pic1.JPG 1871 2811 N. 2nd Street
41°52′42″N 90°10′39″W / 41.87833°N 90.17750°W / 41.87833; -90.17750 (St. Irenaeus Church (Clinton, Iowa))
Gothic Revival W.W. Sanborn Former parish of the diocese. Merged with the other four Clinton parishes in 1990 to form Jesus Christ, Prince of Peace. The parish continued to use the building until 2008 when they built a new church. St. Irenaeus is now vacant.
Church of St. John the Baptist, Burlington St John Catholic Church - Burlington Iowa.jpg 1885 712 Division Street
40°48′28″N 91°6′31″W / 40.80778°N 91.10861°W / 40.80778; -91.10861 (Church of St. John the Baptist (Burlington, Iowa))
Gothic Revival William John Dillenburg Part of Divine Mercy parish after all of the Burlington-area parishes consolidated in 2017.
St. Joseph's Church, Bauer StJoseph's Roman Catholic Church &Cemetery.jpg 1876 1 mile east of the junction of County Road G76 and SE. 97th Street (Marion County)
41°12′12″N 93°18′29″W / 41.20333°N 93.30806°W / 41.20333; -93.30806 (St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church and Cemetery Historic District)
Romanesque Revival, Late Gothic Revival Part of a historic district that also includes the cemetery. The parish was closed in the 1990s.
St. Joseph's Church, Davenport St. Joseph Church - Davenport, Iowa.JPG 1883 Marquette and 6th Street
41°31′33″N 90°35′24″W / 41.52583°N 90.59000°W / 41.52583; -90.59000 (St. Joseph's Catholic Church (Davenport, Iowa))
Gothic Revival Victor Hout Former parish church of the diocese and now part of an Evangelical Christian outreach ministry.
St. Joseph's Church, Fort Madison 1886 509 Avenue F
Fort Madison
40°37′54.03″N 91°18′24.2″W / 40.6316750°N 91.306722°W / 40.6316750; -91.306722 (St. Joseph's Church Complex (Fort Madison, Iowa))
Gothic Revival Former parish church of the diocese and now a wedding chapel. The former church, rectory,convent and school are contributing properties in an historic district.
St. Joseph Hospital St. Joseph Hospital, Ottumwa, Iowa.JPG 1925 312 E. Alta Vista & 317 Vanness Aves.
41°02′13.83″N 92°23′56.84″W / 41.0371750°N 92.3991222°W / 41.0371750; -92.3991222 (St. Joseph Hospital Historic District)
Former hospital campus operated of the Sisters of Humility.
St. Mary’s Academy St. Mary's Academy Davenport Iowa.jpg 1888 1334 W. 8th Street
41°31′40″N 90°35′38″W / 41.52778°N 90.59389°W / 41.52778; -90.59389 (St Mary’s Academy (Davenport, Iowa))
Romanesque Revival Former school building for St. Mary’s parish. It became a residence for clergy who taught at St. Ambrose Academy and later Assumption High School. It is no longer owned by the diocese.
St. Mary’s Church, Davenport St. Mary's Church - Davenport, Iowa (cropped).JPG 1885 516, 519, 522, and 525 Fillmore Street
41°31′30″N 90°35′39″W / 41.52500°N 90.59417°W / 41.52500; -90.59417 (St. Mary’s Catholic Church (Davenport, Iowa))
Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival Victor Hout, Clause & Burrows The NRHP designation includes the church, rectory, convent, and school building.
St. Mary of the Assumption Church, Fort Madison Saint Mary Of The Assumption NRHP 80001455 Lee County, IA.jpg 1871 1031 Avenue E
Fort Madison
40°38′0″N 91°19′0″W / 40.63333°N 91.31667°W / 40.63333; -91.31667 (St. Mary of the Assumption Catholic Church (Fort Madison, Iowa))
Gothic Revival Walch & Schmidt The church building is now part of Holy Family parish, which is a merger between St. Joseph's, St. Mary's and Sacred Heart Churches in Fort Madison.
St. Mary’s Church, Iowa City Saint Mary's Church - Iowa City.JPG 1867 220 E. Jefferson Street
Iowa City
41°39′46″N 91°31′54″W / 41.66278°N 91.53167°W / 41.66278; -91.53167 (St. Mary’s Church and Rectory (Iowa City, Iowa))
Romanesque Revival The NRHP designation includes the church and rectory.
Old St. Mary's Rectory, Iowa City St marys rectory iowa city.jpg 1854 610 E. Jefferson Street
Iowa City
41°39′48″N 91°31′54″W / 41.66333°N 91.53167°W / 41.66333; -91.53167 (St. Mary’s Rectory (Iowa City, Iowa))
Greek Revival Original frame rectory for St. Mary’s parish in Iowa City. It was moved to its present location when the current rectory was built. It is a private residence today.
St. Mary's Church, Riverside Saint Mary's Church and Rectory - Riverside, Iowa.JPG 1907 St. Mary's and Washburn Streets, Riverside
41°29′0″N 91°34′54″W / 41.48333°N 91.58167°W / 41.48333; -91.58167 (St. Mary’s Catholic Church (Riverside, Iowa))
Late Gothic Revival, Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival Multiple The church complex forms a historic district on the NRHP which includes the church, rectory, original church and former school building.
St. Michael's Church, Holbrook St. Michael's Holbrook, Iowa.jpg 1867 On County Road F 52, East of Parnell
41°35′24″N 91°54′48″W / 41.59000°N 91.91333°W / 41.59000; -91.91333 (St. Michael's Catholic Church (Holbrook, Iowa))
Late Gothic Revival, Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival Multiple The church complex forms a historic district on the NRHP that includes the church, cemetery, rectory and Ancient Order of Hibernians Hall. The parish was closed in the 1990s.
St. Patrick's Church, Georgetown 1912 U.S. Route 34 west of Albia, Georgetown, Iowa
41°0′48″N 92°57′20″W / 41.01333°N 92.95556°W / 41.01333; -92.95556 (St. Patrick’s Catholic Church (Georgetown, Iowa))
Gothic Revival Rev. Timothy Clifford
St. Paul's Church, Burlington St Paul Catholic Church - Burlington Iowa.jpg 1895 508 N. 4th St.
40°48′43.32″N 91°6′10.11″W / 40.8120333°N 91.1028083°W / 40.8120333; -91.1028083 (St. Paul's Catholic Church (Burlington, Iowa))
Gothic Revival James J. Egan Part of Divine Mercy parish after all of the Burlington-area parishes consolidated in 2017.
Saints Peter and Paul Church, Clear Creek Saints Peter and Paul Church - Clear Creek, Iowa 09.jpg 1898 Southeast of Harper
41°18′19″N 92°0′20″W / 41.30528°N 92.00556°W / 41.30528; -92.00556 (Saints Peter and Paul Catholic Church (Harper, Iowa))
Gothic Revival Ferdinand S. Borgolte The parish was merged with St. Elizabeth in Harper and St. Mary's in Keota to form Holy Trinity parish in 1992. In 2006 the last Mass was celebrated in the church and in 2009 it was sold to the Sts. Peter and Paul Heritage Association.
Saints Peter and Paul Catholic Church, Solon Saints Peter and Paul (Solon, Iowa) 02.JPG 1916 1165 NE. Taft Avenue
41°50′57″N 91°27′49″W / 41.84917°N 91.46361°W / 41.84917; -91.46361 (Saints Peter and Paul Chapel (Solon, Iowa))
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals R. K. Parkinson The parish was closed in 1996 when it consolidated with St. Mary’s in Solon. It is currently owned by a private foundation that maintains the facility.[28]
St. Thomas More Parish Center Sigma Pi Fraternity House.jpeg 1929 108 McLean St.
Iowa City
41°40′09.9″N 91°32′30″W / 41.669417°N 91.54167°W / 41.669417; -91.54167 (St. Thomas More Parish Center (Iowa City, Iowa))
Tudor Revival Myron Edwards Pugh Built as Sigma Pi Fraternity House in 1929, the building served as the first Catholic Student Center and Newman Club at the University of Iowa. It continued to serve St. Thomas More parish after the Newman Center moved in 1969. The parish moved to Coralville in 2009 and the building was converted into apartments.
Selma Schricker House Selma Schricker House.JPG 1902 1430 Clay Street
41°31′49.89″N 90°35′41.77″W / 41.5305250°N 90.5949361°W / 41.5305250; -90.5949361 (Selma Schricker House)
Georgian Revival Clausen & Clausen The house served as the residence of Bishops Rohlman, Hayes, O'Keefe and Franklin.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Higher Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Diocese of Davenport". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Diocese of Davenport". Retrieved 2007-02-04.
  3. ^ Iowa Diocese Files For Bankruptcy , Davenport Bishop Says Settlements For 24+ Sex Abuse Claims Left It No Choice - CBS News
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "History". St. Ambrose University. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  7. ^ "Mission and History". Indian Hills Community College. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  8. ^ Ann McGlynn, Lee Nelson (December 18, 2001). "Marycrest to close doors". Quad-City Times. Davenport. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  9. ^ Ann McGlynn (December 14, 2003). "Marycrest campus renovated into senior center". Quad-City Times. Davenport. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  10. ^ Thomas Geyer, Brian Wellner (July 9, 2015). "Ashford Clinton campus to close in 2016". Quad-City Times. Davenport. Retrieved 2017-02-19.
  11. ^ Davenport, A. Benedict. A History and Genealogy of the Davenport Family in England and America, From A.D. 1036 to 1850 (New York: S.W. Benedict, 1851)
  12. ^ "Bishop John McMullen". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  13. ^ "Bishop Henry Cosgrove". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Bishop James Joseph Davis". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Archbishop Henry Patrick Rohlman". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Bishop Ralph Leo Hayes". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  17. ^ "Bishop Gerald Francis O'Keefe". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  18. ^ "Bishop William Edwin Franklin". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  19. ^ "Bishop Martin John Amos". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  20. ^ "Thomas Robert Zinkula". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  21. ^ "Archbishop Edward Daniel Howard". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  22. ^ "Bishop". Diocese of Davenport. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2013-01-09.
  23. ^ "Bishop William Lawrence Adrian". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  24. ^ "Bishop Maurice John Dingman". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  25. ^ "Bishop Lawrence Donald Soens". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  26. ^ "Bishop Robert Dwayne Gruss". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  27. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  28. ^ "History". Sts. Peter and Paul Chapel. Retrieved 2010-03-15.

External links[edit]