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|Secretary of Agrarian, Land, and Urban Development|
27 August 2015 – 30 November 2018
|President||Enrique Peña Nieto|
|Preceded by||Jesús Murillo Karam|
|Secretary of Social Development|
1 December 2012 – 27 August 2015
|President||Enrique Peña Nieto|
|Preceded by||Heriberto Félix Guerra|
|Succeeded by||José Antonio Meade Kuribreña|
|2nd Head of Government of the Federal District|
29 September 1999 – 4 December 2000
|Preceded by||Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas|
|Succeeded by||Andrés Manuel López Obrador|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies |
for the 2nd Circumscription
1 November 1994 – 31 August 1997
|Born||1956 (age 62–63)|
Mexico City, Mexico
|Political party||Democratic Revolution|
|Alma mater||National Autonomous University of Mexico|
María del Rosario Robles Berlanga (Spanish pronunciation: [roˈsaɾjo ˈroβles]; born 1956) is a Mexican politician who served as the Secretary of Social Development in the cabinet of Enrique Peña Nieto. She also was substitute Head of Government of the Federal District ("Mayor of Mexico City") when Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas resigned from the post to run for the Mexican presidential election, in 2000. She was the first female Mayor of Mexico City.
Her term in office was highly controversial for an intensive media campaign in her government promoting her personal image, the high cost of which raised corruption concerns, and for introducing her political allies to entrepreneur Carlos Ahumada, who videotaped himself giving large cash quantities to the former politician Rene Bejarano in order to fund political campaigns for the next PRD candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. The scandals this caused created a major crisis for her party, the Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD). As a result, she subsequently resigned from the party. Carlos Ahumada was imprisoned, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador won the elections for Mexico city, and Rene Bejarano is still free and active in politics via his wife Dolores Padierna.
Her successor as chief executive of the Federal District was Andrés Manuel López Obrador, of the same party but a former PRI member, elected in 2000 with an advantage of less than 5% over the PAN candidate.
In 2005 she announced her intentions to run for the same office, although it is unclear under which party she would run, as her political image was affected by the videoscandals of that year. In the event, the election passed by without her participation.
In 2014 she announced that social help of the "Oportunidades" social program of SEDESOL will not be increased for mothers with more than three children, she said that the mothers have children to get more money from the program. This was criticized by the left-wing parties, even though they support family planning and women's rights, including abortion.
Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano
| Head of Government of the Federal District (interim)
Andrés Manuel López Obrador
Amalia García Medina
| President of the Party of the Democratic Revolution
Leonel Godoy Rangel
Heriberto Félix Guerra
| Secretary of Social Development
José Antonio Meade Kuribreña
Jesús Murillo Karam
| Secretary of Agrarian, Land, and Urban Development