The Timoric, or sometimes Timor–Babar, languages are a group of fifty Austronesian languages (belonging to the Central–Eastern subgroup) spoken on the islands of Timor, neighboring Wetar, and (depending on the classification) the Babar Islands to the east.
Within the group, the languages with the most speakers are Uab Meto of West Timor and Tetum of East Timor, each with about half a million speakers, though in addition Tetum is an official language and a lingua franca among non-Tetum East Timorese.
The Babar languages form their own group:
- Babar languages (see)
Geoffrey Hull (1998) proposes a Timoric group as follows:
- Ramelaic (near the Ramelau range)
- Extra-Ramelaic (Fabronic; whatever is not Ramelaic)
Van Engelenhoven sets up a South–East Timor branch including Tetun, Waimaha, and Luangic–Kisaric; the latter is as follows:
- South–East Timor
Taber (1993:396) gives a Southwest Maluku and Babar group as follows, along with West Damar as an isolate.
- Southwest Maluku group
- Babar group
- West Damar (isolate)
- West Rote-Meto
- Nuclear Rote
- Central Timor
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Timoric B". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Timoric A". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Adelaar 2005:26
- Edwards, Owen (2018). Top-down Historical Phonology of Rote-Meto. JSEALS 11.1 (2018).
- Edwards, Owen (2018). Reintroducing Welaun. Oceanic Linguistics, Volume 58, Number 1, June 2019, pp. 31-58. https://doi.org/10.1353/ol.2019.0002
- Hull, Geoffrey. 1998. "The basic lexical affinities of Timor's Austronesian languages: a preliminary investigation." Studies in Languages and Cultures of East Timor 1:97–202.
- Taber, Mark (1993). "Toward a Better Understanding of the Indigenous Languages of Southwestern Maluku." Oceanic Linguistics, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Winter, 1993), pp. 389–441. University of Hawai'i.
- LexiRumah (part of the Lesser Sunda linguistic databases)
- Reconstructing the past through languages of the present: the Lesser Sunda Islands
- The Languages of East Timor: Some Basic Facts (Revised 24.8.2004) Geoffrey Hull