Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia

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Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia
Khmer Gendarmerie emblem.gif
Agency overview
Formed9 October, 1970
Jurisdictional structure
National agencyCambodia
Operations jurisdictionCambodia
General nature
HeadquartersPhnom Penh

Agency executive
  • General Sao Sokha
Parent agencyRoyal Cambodian Armed Forces

The Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia (Khmer: កងរាជអាវុធហត្ថ), or "Military Police", is a branch of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces and it is responsible for the maintenance of public order and internal security in Cambodia. The paramilitary unit has a strength of 10,000 soldiers deployed in all provinces. Its headquarters is located in Phnom Penh, with the unit's chain of command through the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces High Command. The Gendarmerie is under the direct supervision of a commander with an equivalent rank to Lieutenant-General. The High Command is responsible for monitoring all Gendarmerie units as well as general training.The current commander of Gendarmerie is lieutenant-General Sao Sokha, a former bodyguard and personal advisor to Cambodian Prime minister Hun Sen.


The Gendarmerie Royale Khmere duties are:

  • Restoring peace and stability if they have been heavily disturbed
  • Counter terrorism
  • Countering violent groups
  • Repressing riots in prisons

Its civil duties include: to provide security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organised crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.

Its military duties include: to preserve and protect national security, state, property, public peace, and public order, and to assist other security forces in case of emergency, civil unrest, war; to repress riots; to reinforce martial law and mobilisation; to fight and apprehend suspected criminals, terrorists and other violent groups.


The Gendarmerie Royale Khmere consists of 10 battalion sized units. Each battalion has between 500 - 1000 policemen. The principal bases are located in Phnom Penh.

The Gendarmerie monitors all the 24 provinces and 186 districts, working with the local people. The unit includes: a mobile team, consisting of six intervention units, an intervention vehicle battalion, a cavalry, and 4 infantry, with bases in Phnom Penh. The Gendarmerie training school is located in Kambol commune, Kandal Province.


The standard weapons of the Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia are the Makarov PMM 9mm pistol, the Type 56-2 assault rifle, the M16A1 assault rifle with the M203 grenade launcher, AKMS assault rifle and the Type 56 assault rifle. Usually PM Officer and drivers are assigned the Type 56-2 and gunners are the PKM general purpose machine gun.

Crew-served or vehicle based weapons include the Type 80 general purpose machine gun on tripod with 250 round boxes and the Type 77 heavy machine gun.

Mounted MP teams often carry at least one B-40 or RPG-7D as well.


Name Type Origin
TT-33 Pistol  Soviet Union
Makarov PMM
Type 54  China
Type 56 Assault rifle
Type 56-1
Type 56-2
AKM  Soviet Union
SS1-V1  Indonesia
M16A1  United States
CAR-15 Assault carbine
FN FAL Battle rifle  Belgium
HK MP5A4 Submachine gun  Germany
RPD Light machine gun  Soviet Union
Type 56 LMG  China
Type 77 Heavy machine gun
PKM General purpose machine gun  Soviet Union
Type 80  China
B-40 Rocket-propelled grenade  Soviet Union
Type 69 RPG  China
M203 Grenade launcher  United States


Name Type Origin
Toyota Camry Sedan  Japan


Name Type Origin
Harbin Z-9 Helicopter  China

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