Rush (video gaming)
In video games, rushing or rushdown is a battle tactic similar to the blitzkrieg or the human wave attack tactics in real-world ground warfare, in which speed and surprise are used to overwhelm an enemy's ability to wage war, usually before the enemy is able to achieve an effective buildup of sizable defensive and/or expansionist capabilities.
Strategy games and tactical games
In the real-time strategy game StarCraft, a Zerg rush is a strategy where a player using the Zerg race tries to overwhelm the opponent through large numbers of smaller units before the enemy is fully prepared for battle.
In strategy games, to perform a rush, the attacking player focuses on quickly building a large number of weak units (or some very rare and potent early game units) early on in the game with the hopes of swarming the opponents before they can defend themselves; this is to catch them off-guard and often to cripple the opponent's economy structures. In the majority of cases, these units are fast and cheap to enable larger numbers and opportunistic attack strategies, but they may sometimes be chosen to exploit a particular weakness of the enemy. The player who rushes may sacrifice options such as long-term resource gathering, defense, or immediate research up the tech tree to opt instead for a quick strike, usually putting the rushing player at a severe disadvantage should the rush be unsuccessful.
A successful rush usually attempts to disrupt the resource gathering of the defending player or annihilate that player entirely. The rush is a risky tactic. If the rush is successful, then the player may have won the game or significantly set his or her opponent back; if the rush fails, then the rushing player may have lost valuable time and resources that would have been better spent on research, building defenses, and building more powerful units. A rush can also be considered a mass attack with primarily only one type of unit used, and depends on overwhelming numbers and force to succeed. The rush is often a suicidal attack (for the units involved); rushing units are often expected to die, but to nevertheless benefit the player initiating the rush by disrupting the opponent's operations.
An alpha strike denotes an all-out attack launched in hopes of achieving a decisive advantage, determining the inevitable defeat of the target before they can respond effectively. This is usually considered a risky manoeuvre, as if the attacker fails to gain a decisive advantage, it can leave the attacker's units overextended and vulnerable to counter-attack.
- Carreker, Dan (2012-01-01). The Game Developer's Dictionary:: A Multidisciplinary Lexicon for Professionals and Students. Cengage Learning. ISBN 1435460820.
- authors, collective of (2015-07-05). Proceedings of IAC-TLEl 2015: 1 Proceedings of IAC-TLEl 2015 International Academic Conference on Teaching, Learning and E-learning in Budapest 2015 (IAC-TLEl 2015 in Budapest), Friday - Saturday, July 10 - 11, 2015. Czech Institute of Academic Education z.s. ISBN 9788090579149.
- Despain, Wendy (2012-12-18). 100 Principles of Game Design. New Riders. ISBN 9780133362749.
- "Prepare for The Rush in StarCraft Fan Film - ComingSoon.net". 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- Christie, Ruth (2008-12-03). Proceedings of the 5th Australasian Conference on Interactive Entertainment. Yusuf Pisan. ISBN 9781605584249.
- Hjorth, Larissa; Chan, Dean (2009-06-24). Gaming Cultures and Place in Asia-Pacific. Routledge. ISBN 9781135843175.
- Li, Roland (2016-06-07). Good Luck Have Fun: The Rise of eSports. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781634506588.
- Sirlin, David (2006). Playing to Win: Becoming the Champion. lulu.com. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-4116-6679-5.