Saʿumu

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Saʿumu
King of Mari
Reignc. 2416 – 2400 BC Middle Chronology
PredecessorAnsud
SuccessorIšhtup-Išar
King of Mari

Saʿumu was a king (Lugal) of the second Mariote kingdom who reigned c. 2416–2400 BC.[1] Some scholars, such as Joseph Martin Pagan, interpreted the king's name as derived from the root "ś-y-m", a cognate of the Akkadian word "šâmu-m", meaning "to buy".[2]

In a letter written by the later Mariote king Enna-Dagan, Saʿumu is attested launching a major attack on the Eblaites.[3] The king's campaigns recorded in the letter were concentrated in the middle Euphrates valley east of Emar,[4] where he defeated the cities of Tibalat and Ilwani, leaving ruins in the mountainous area of Angai.[3] Saʿumu continued his war defeating the cities of Ra'ak, Nirum,[note 1] Ashaldu and Badul, leaving ruins in the borders of Nahal's region.[3]

King Saʿumu of Mari
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ansud
King of Mari
2416-2400 BC
Succeeded by
Išhtup-Išar

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Located in the Euphrates' middle valley close to Sweyhat.[5]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ William J. Hamblin (2006). Warfare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC. p. 242.
  2. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 761.
  3. ^ a b c Mario Liverani (2013). The Ancient Near East: History, Society and Economy. p. 119.
  4. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 762.
  5. ^ Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 756.