Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
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Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah GCB (Hon) (Arabic: الشيخ صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح; born 16 June 1929) is the Emir of Kuwait and the Commander of the Kuwait Military Forces. He was sworn in on 29 January 2006 after confirmation by the National Assembly. He is the fourth son of Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Foreign minister
- 3 Emir
- 4 Other positions held
- 5 Titles, honors, and awards
- 6 Ancestry
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
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Al-Sabah was born on 16 June 1929. He received primary education at Al Mubarakya School during the 1930s and then completed his education under tutors. He is the half-brother of the previous Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, who appointed Sabah as Prime Minister in July 2003, replacing the Crown Prince of Kuwait, Sheikh Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah. He had previously been Foreign Minister for 40 years, from 1963 to 2003, making him one of the longest-serving foreign ministers in the world.
Prior to being the Emir of Kuwait, Sabah was the Foreign Minister of Kuwait between 1963 and 2003. During his time as Foreign Minister, Sabah restored Kuwaiti international relations after the Persian Gulf War.
He was also First Deputy Prime Minister while serving as Foreign Minister.
On 15 January 2006 the emir, Sheikh Jaber, died, making Sheikh Saad, Crown Prince of Kuwait, the new emir. With the accession of Sheikh Saad, Sabah was likely to become the new Crown Prince, retaining his function of Prime Minister. However, the Constitution requires that the Emir be sworn in before Parliament, and the oath of office is complex; soon the word began to spread that Sheikh Saad was unable to take the oath in full. Some reports suggested that he suffered from Alzheimer's disease or some other debilitating disease; it was generally agreed that he was unable to speak, at least at any length. After a power struggle within the ruling family, Sheikh Saad agreed to abdicate as the Emir of Kuwait on 23 January 2006 due to his illness. The ruling family then chose Sheikh Sabah as the new Emir of Kuwait. On 24 January 2006, Kuwait’s parliament voted Emir Saad out of office, moments before an official letter of abdication was received. The Kuwaiti Cabinet nominated Al-Sabah to take over as emir. He was sworn in on 29 January 2006 with the National Assembly's approval, ending that crisis.
Dissolution of the National Assembly
Al-Sabah dissolved the National Assembly on 19 March 2008 and called for early elections on 17 May 2008, after the cabinet resigned in the week of 17 March 2008 following a power struggle with the government.
An increase of his stipend from 8 million KD (approximately $25 million) to 50 million KD (approximately $188 million) annually
The Emir is a respected regional and international mediator due in part to his place in the Gulf Cooperation Council's leadership order and his forty years of service as Kuwait Foreign Minister and Prime Minister. Under the leadership of the Emir, Kuwait has acted as a go-between for Pakistan and Bangladesh, Turkey and Bulgaria, Palestine and Jordan, factions in the civil war in Lebanon, and for all the Gulf States and Iran. In 2016 the Emir hosted several UN-sponsored meetings of leaders from the warring factions in the Yemeni Civil War.
The Emir quickly established Kuwait as the key mediator from the region in the Qatar diplomatic crisis, meeting with Saudi and Emirati officials on 6–7 June before leaving for Doha to discuss the rift with Qatari leaders. His on-going efforts have been publicly supported by Qatar  and the other interested parties from the region as well as the US, UK, France and Germany. At the beginning of September 2017, The Emir discussed the situation with top officials in Washington, including President Donald Trump who 'hailed his efforts' to mediate and 'applauded Kuwait’s “critical contributions to regional stability”' There was some questioning from the boycotting countries regarding any preconditions. President Emmanuel Macron of France stated French support for the Kuwaiti leader's mediation efforts following a meeting in Paris on 15 September 2017, reiterating June 2017 statements of support for the Kuwait led initiative. Trump and the Kuwait's Amir had a third meeting, that took place in the Oval Office at The White House on September 5, 2018.
Former President Jimmy Carter calls Sheikh Sabah a "global humanitarian leader" saying, "His support of disaster relief, peace efforts and advancing public health are an inspiration. Other world leaders can learn from the wise example set by my friend, His Highness the Emir."
According to the 2014 Middle East Coutts Report, the Emir provided the largest individual donation in 2013 among GCC members in support of Syrian refugees in neighboring countries, amounting to US$300 million. Also in 2014, The former United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, cited the Emir as a Humanitarian Leader globally and presented him with a Humanitarian Award recognizing this role. Ban Ki-Moon further remarked "It gives me great pleasure and honour to be here today to recognize the leadership of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber al Sabah, Emir of Kuwait. This is a great humanitarian day. We are sitting together with a great humanitarian leader of our world".
In 2015, the Emir pledged a Kuwaiti donation of $500 million toward easing the Syrian humanitarian crisis at the UN Summit convened in Kuwait.
In August 2017, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres expressed gratitude for the Gulf country's leadership in humanitarian action, as well as the “dialogue […] and promotion of understanding Kuwait has shown in relation to all conflicts in the region,' adding, 'But it's not only the humanitarian leadership of Kuwait, it's the wisdom, the dialogue, the promotion of understanding that Kuwait has shown in relation to all conflicts in the region. Kuwait has no agenda. The agenda of Kuwait is peace; is understanding.” Mr. Guterres further noted the positive role played by the Emir of Kuwait in the current GCC crisis. and recalled that when he was High Commissioner for Refugees (June 2005 to December 2015) the Emir presided over the three conferences to mobilize the international community to support the Syrian people.
Human rights violations
Al-Sabah has jailed several members of parliament for criticizing him publicly
Other positions held
- Member of the Central Committee Municipality Council from 1954 to 1955.
- Member of the Building and Construction council.
- Chairman of the Social Affairs and Labour Authority in 1955.
- Member of the Higher Council of Country Affairs in 1956.
- Chairman of the Printing and Publishing Authority from 9 September 1956 to 17 January 1962
- Minister of Information - in the first cabinet that took power after independence in the period of Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, on 17 January 1962.
- Member of the Supreme Council of Planning in 1996, headed by the Crown Prince Sheikh Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah.
- Chairman of the Cabinet's Joint Ministerial Committee on Priorities of Governmental Work.
- Prime Ministers of Kuwait from 13 July 2003 to 29 January 2006.
- Honorary Trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
Titles, honors, and awards
- 16 June 1929 – 13 July 2003: His Excellency Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
- 13 July 2003 – 30 January 2006: His Highness Sheikh Sabah ِAl-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait
- 30 January 2006 – present: His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait
Honors and awards
- International Organization for Migration – IOM Humanitarian Medal (24 November 2014)
- United Nations – United Nations Humanitarian Leadership (9 September 2014)
- Albania – Honorary Citizen of Tirana, Albania (12 April 2008)
- Azerbaijan – Heydar Aliyev Order (14 June 2009)
- Italy – Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (26 April 2010)
- Spain – Collar of the Order of Civil Merit (23 May 2008)
- Albania – Skanderbeg's Order (Decorated by President of Albania BEmir Topi on 27 May 2012)
- Mexico – Order of the Aztec Eagle (20 January 2016)
- Turkey – Order of the State of Republic of Turkey (21 March 2017) 
- Ukraine – First Class of the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (15 March 2018)
- Japan — Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum, 2012
|Ancestors of Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah|
- Profile of Sabah IV Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
- "CV of HH Shiekh Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah". Al Diwan Al Amiri.
- "Independence and building the modern state". Al Diwan Al Amiri. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Profiles of Ministers". APS Review Gas Market Trends. 21 June 1999. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Kuwait mourns after emir dies". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- "The Kuwait Succession Crisis and the New Leadership". The Estimate. 27 February 2006. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2006.
- "Kuwaiti parliament votes to replace emir with Prime Minister". The Independent. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- Tim Butcher (24 January 2006). "Kuwait in crisis as sick emir abdicates". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- "Emir steps in to stem Kuwait's conflict". CNN. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- "Kuwait opposition to boycott vote, calls for protests". Chicago Tribune. 3 November 2012. Archived from the original on 3 November 201. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- Kristian Coates Ulrichsen (20 June 2012). "Political showdown in Kuwait". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- Cafiero, Giorgio; Schatz, Jesse (27 August 2017). "Stakes high for Kuwait as mediator in Qatar crisis". Al-Monitor. Intra-Gulf relations: Al-Monitor - the pulse of the Middle East. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Salama, Samir (24 July 2017). "Kuwait does what it does best - mediation". News: Gulf News. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Cafiero, Giorgio; Schatz, Jesse (27 June 2017). "Stakes high for Kuwait as mediator in Qatar crisis". Al-Monitor. Intra-Gulf relations: Al-Monitor - the pulse of the Middle East. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Irish, John (12 June 2017). "Qatar backs Kuwait mediation efforts over rift with Arab States". Reuters. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Lee, Matthew (7 September 2017). "Trump hails Kuwait mediation on Qatar; offers own services". Washington Post. AP. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Matthew, Lee; Gambrell, Jon; Al-Qatari, Hussein (8 September 2017). "Trump hails Kuwait mediation on Qatar; Arab states react". ABC News. AP. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- "France wants active role in supporting Kuwait mediation on Gulf crisis". KUNA. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Fuentes, Gonzalo (15 July 2017). "France wants mediator role in Qatar crisis". RFI English. Reuters. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
- Remarks: Donald Trump Meets With Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Kuwait's Amir - September 5, 2018. Youtube. Factbase Videos. 5 September 2018. Archived from the original on 23 August 2019.
- White, Andrew. The Amir of Humanity. London Wall. p. Title page. ISBN 978-0995566736.
- "Coutts Million Dollar Donors Report 2014" (PDF). Coutts.com. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
- Barreto, Alejandro (9 September 2014). "UN Secretary General pays tribute to Kuwaiti Amir for Humanitarian Leadership". www.scribd.com. UN Office for coordination of humanitarian affairs.
- "Kuwait's 'Exemplary Humanitarian Leadership' Has Saved Thousands of Lives, Secretary-General Says at Ceremony Recognizing Amir of Kuwait". www.un.org. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- United Nations: Kuwait’s ‘Exemplary Humanitarian Leadership’ https://www.un.org/press/en/2014/sgsm16132.doc.htm
- Ahmed Hagagy; Noah Browning; Omar Fahmy (31 March 2015). "Kuwait emir pledges $500 million for Syrian humanitarian crisis". Reuters. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "UN chief Guterres lauds country's humanitarian leadership, regional diplomacy". www.un.org. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- Esraa Ismail; Chris Moran (28 August 2017). "Kuwaiti Emir, UN Secretary-General discuss country's humanitarian role". WAM. WAM. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- "United Nations Secretary General biography". www.un.org. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "Secretary-General's press encounter after meeting His Highness the Amir of Kuwait". www.un.org. 27 August 2017.
- "Kuwait Profile". Freedom in the World 2018. Freedom House. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
- "Al-Sabah Dynasty". royalark.net. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- "IOM Recognizes Humanitarian Achievements of Amir of Kuwait". iom.int. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- "United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's Statements". un.org. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "Emiri i Kuvajtit, si po e shndërron sheshin 'Skënderbej'". 28 March 2010. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010.
- "ВСТРЕЧА ПРЕЗИДЕНТА АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНА ИЛЬХАМА АЛИЕВА И ЭМИРА ГОСУДАРСТВА". Газета Бакинский рабочий. 11 February 2009. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011.
- "Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah S.A. Sceicco Sabah Decorato di Gran Cordone" (in Italian). quirinale.it. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- Presidenti Topi dekoron Emirin e Shtetit të Kuvajtit, Sheikun Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah me Urdhrin, President of Albania, 27 May 2012(in Albanian)[dead link]
- "KUNA :: His Highness The Amir receives visiting Mexican President 20/01/2016".
- "Erdogan confers Kuwaiti emir with Order of State". Anadolu Agency. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
- Указ Президента України № 63/2018 «Про нагородження орденом князя Ярослава Мудрого»
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.|
- Al-Diwan Al-Emiri - the official website of the office of the Emir
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahBorn: 16 June 1929
Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah
| Emir of Kuwait
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah
| Prime Minister of Kuwait
13 July 2003 – 29 January 2006
Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah