Same-sex marriage in Querétaro

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Legal status of same-sex unions
Marriage
Performed
Recognized

Notes

  1. Performed in 17 states and Mexico City, and recognized by all states in such cases
  2. Performed in the Netherlands proper, including the Caribbean Netherlands. May be registered in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten in such cases.
  3. Neither performed nor recognized in Niue, Tokelau or the Cook Islands
  4. Neither performed nor recognized in Northern Ireland, the dependency of Sark or the five Caribbean overseas territories.
  5. Neither performed nor recognized in American Samoa or some tribal jurisdictions
  6. Theoretical: no actual cases known
  7. Limited to residency rights for foreign spouses of citizens (EU) or of legal residents (China)

* Not yet in effect, but automatic deadline set by judicial body for same-sex marriage to become legal

LGBT portal

Same-sex marriages are performed in only some municipalities in the Mexican state of Querétaro. While state law prohibits the recognition of same-sex marriage, eight of the eighteen municipalities, comprising 60% of the state's population, issue same-sex marriage licenses.[1] In addition, Querétaro allows same-sex couples to legally adopt.[2][3]

History[edit]

State recognition of same-sex relationships in Mexico.
  Same-sex marriage legalized at state level
  Court order requiring legalization at state level
  Same-sex civil unions allowed; marriages granted by amparo only
  Same-sex marriage accessible by amparo only

On 10 September 2014, it was announced that the Legislature would be considering a civil union bill drafted by the state's ombudsman, Migel Nava. Originally conceptualized as a same-sex marriage bill, it was then changed to only establish civil unions.[4] On 28 November 2014, Luis Bernardo Nava Guerrero, President of the Congressional Joint Commission, announced that the legislation would be postponed to 2015.[5] On 4 February 2016, the Youth Legislature 2016 approved a motion, in a 38-8 vote, expressing support for same-sex marriage.[6] On 13 June 2016, Eric Salas González, President of the Querétaro Congress, announced that the Congress would wait until same-sex marriage is legislated at the federal level before changing the state Civil Code.[7]

A new bill establishing marriage, concubinage and adoption for same-sex couples was introduced by MORENA to the Congress of Querétaro on 19 December 2018.[8] A spokesman for PAN, despite it "not being on the legislative agenda of PAN", expressed support for an analysis and discussion of the draft law.[9] PAN holds a plurality (12 out of 25 seats) in the Querétaro Congress.[10]

Injunctions[edit]

Despite same-sex marriage not being legal, several same-sex couples have been allowed to legally marry in individual cases through a process called recurso de amparo. Amparos are commonly known as "injunctions" in English.

On 28 February 2014, two same-sex couples filed for an injunction to marry.[11] In January 2015, one of the couples, after having been granted an injunction, were wed.[12][13] The first same-sex wedding in the state occurred in August 2014 between a lesbian couple.[14]

On 25 August 2014, a second injunction was approved.[15] As the officials did not object to the ruling within the 10-day period required by law, the marriage was scheduled for October 2014.[16] The ceremony was held, at the same registry which had previously denied them permission, on 4 October 2014.[17] The state's third injunction was requested in the first week of October 2014.[18]

The third same-sex marriage in Querétaro was celebrated for a male couple on 28 January 2015 and a fourth same-sex marriage took place on 31 January 2015.[19]

On 23 April 2015, an injunction filed in August 2014 involving 55 couples was successful after articles 137 and 273 of the state's Civil Code were declared unconstitutional. Another mass injunction was scheduled for May 2015.[20] By October 2017, 13 amparos had been granted in Querétaro.[21]

Municipalities[edit]

Status of same-sex marriage in the municipalities of Querétaro.
  Same-sex couples allowed to marry
  Same-sex couples are required to receive an injunction before getting married

Same-sex couples may marry in eight of the eighteen municipalities, comprising 60% of the state's population, without the need for an amparo. The civil registrar of Santiago de Querétaro on 21 July 2015 announced that the municipality would marry same-sex couples.[22] The others followed suit on 4 January 2017.[23]

The municipalities of Colón, Corregidora and Pinal de Amoles in January 2017 announced that they explicitly require same-sex couples to receive an amparo in order to get married.[23]

Public opinion[edit]

A 2017 opinion poll conducted by Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica found that 54% of Querétaro's residents supported same-sex marriage. 43% were opposed.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mexican Supreme Court rules for marriage equality". Salon. 6 December 2012.
  2. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Parejas del mismo sexo pueden adoptar en Querétaro
  3. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) La adopción gay no está proscrita, según DIF
  4. ^ "Próxima semana se discutirá iniciativa para matrimonios gay - reqrone…". archive.is. 11 September 2014. Archived from the original on 11 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Discusión sobre modificaciones legales para permitir matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo no será este año AMQueretaro.com". web.archive.org. 1 January 2015.
  6. ^ "» Legislatura Juvenil aprueba matrimonio igualitario en Querétaro".
  7. ^ "» Discusión sobre matrimonio igualitario en Querétaro, solo si se aprueba a nivel federal: Eric Salas".
  8. ^ Núñez, por Patricia López. "Morena pone sobre la mesa iniciativa para bodas gay". Diario de Querétaro.
  9. ^ Núñez, Patricia López. "Agenda del PAN descarta matrimonios igualitarios". Diario de Querétaro.
  10. ^ "Legisladores – LIX Legislatura Querétaro".
  11. ^ "Amparo a parejas gay". eluniversalqueretaro.mx.
  12. ^ "Celebran primera boda entre dos hombres en Querétaro". ADN Informativo Querétaro @ADNQro.
  13. ^ "Pareja de hombres contrae matrimonio en Querétaro". Códice Informativo.
  14. ^ "Amparo logra otro matrimonio gay en México esta vez en Querétaro". SDPNoticias. 22 August 2014.
  15. ^ "Ordenan segunda boda gay en Querétaro". Quadratin.
  16. ^ "Primera boda gay será en octubre entre Fernanda y Mariana". oem.com.mx.
  17. ^ "Primera boda gay". oem.com.mx.
  18. ^ "En trámite, amparo para tercera boda gay". eluniversalqueretaro.mx.
  19. ^ Plaza de Armas (28 January 2015). "Celebran hoy tercera boda gay". Plaza de Armas. Archived from the original on 29 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  20. ^ "Garantiza juez federal fallo de bodas gay". capitalqueretaro.com.mx. Archived from the original on 2015-05-01.
  21. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) "Hoy anunciamos que obtuvimos 13 sentencias de amparo a favor del #MatrimonioIgualitario en Querétaro."
  22. ^ Espinoza, Jovana (21 July 2015). "En Querétaro parejas homosexuales ya no necesitan amparo para casarse".
  23. ^ a b "» Pese a que diputados se niegan a legislar, en 8 municipios de Querétaro permiten matrimonio igualitario sin amparo".
  24. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Encuesta nacional 2017, Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica