Same-sex marriage in Querétaro
Same-sex marriages are performed in only some municipalities in the Mexican state of Querétaro. While state law prohibits the recognition of same-sex marriage, eight of the eighteen municipalities, comprising 60% of the state's population, issue same-sex marriage licenses. In addition, Querétaro allows same-sex couples to legally adopt.
On 10 September 2014, it was announced that the Legislature would be considering a civil union bill drafted by the state's ombudsman, Migel Nava. Originally conceptualized as a same-sex marriage bill, it was then changed to only establish civil unions. On 28 November 2014, Luis Bernardo Nava Guerrero, President of the Congressional Joint Commission, announced that the legislation would be postponed to 2015. On 4 February 2016, the Youth Legislature 2016 approved a motion, in a 38-8 vote, expressing support for same-sex marriage. On 13 June 2016, Eric Salas González, President of the Querétaro Congress, announced that the Congress would wait until same-sex marriage is legislated at the federal level before changing the state Civil Code.
A new bill establishing marriage, concubinage and adoption for same-sex couples was introduced by MORENA to the Congress of Querétaro on 19 December 2018. A spokesman for PAN, despite it "not being on the legislative agenda of PAN", expressed support for an analysis and discussion of the draft law. PAN holds a plurality (12 out of 25 seats) in the Querétaro Congress.
Despite same-sex marriage not being legal, several same-sex couples have been allowed to legally marry in individual cases through a process called recurso de amparo. Amparos are commonly known as "injunctions" in English.
On 28 February 2014, two same-sex couples filed for an injunction to marry. In January 2015, one of the couples, after having been granted an injunction, were wed. The first same-sex wedding in the state occurred in August 2014 between a lesbian couple.
On 25 August 2014, a second injunction was approved. As the officials did not object to the ruling within the 10-day period required by law, the marriage was scheduled for October 2014. The ceremony was held, at the same registry which had previously denied them permission, on 4 October 2014. The state's third injunction was requested in the first week of October 2014.
The third same-sex marriage in Querétaro was celebrated for a male couple on 28 January 2015 and a fourth same-sex marriage took place on 31 January 2015.
On 23 April 2015, an injunction filed in August 2014 involving 55 couples was successful after articles 137 and 273 of the state's Civil Code were declared unconstitutional. Another mass injunction was scheduled for May 2015. By October 2017, 13 amparos had been granted in Querétaro.
Same-sex couples may marry in eight of the eighteen municipalities, comprising 60% of the state's population, without the need for an amparo. The civil registrar of Santiago de Querétaro on 21 July 2015 announced that the municipality would marry same-sex couples. The others followed suit on 4 January 2017.
- Santiago de Querétaro
- Amealco de Bonfil
- Cadereyta de Montes
- Ezequiel Montes
- Pedro Escobedo
- San Joaquín
A 2017 opinion poll conducted by Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica found that 54% of Querétaro's residents supported same-sex marriage. 43% were opposed.
- "Mexican Supreme Court rules for marriage equality". Salon. 6 December 2012.
- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Parejas del mismo sexo pueden adoptar en Querétaro
- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) La adopción gay no está proscrita, según DIF
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- "» Discusión sobre matrimonio igualitario en Querétaro, solo si se aprueba a nivel federal: Eric Salas".
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- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) "Hoy anunciamos que obtuvimos 13 sentencias de amparo a favor del #MatrimonioIgualitario en Querétaro."
- Espinoza, Jovana (21 July 2015). "En Querétaro parejas homosexuales ya no necesitan amparo para casarse".
- "» Pese a que diputados se niegan a legislar, en 8 municipios de Querétaro permiten matrimonio igualitario sin amparo".
- ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Encuesta nacional 2017, Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica