Sami al-Hinnawi

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Sami al-Hinnawi
سامي الحناوي
Sami al-Hinnawi.jpg
Personal details
Aleppo, Aleppo Vilayet, Ottoman Syria, Ottoman Empire
DiedOctober 31, 1950 (aged 51–52)
Beirut, Lebanon
Military service
RankSyria Army - OF05.svg Colonel

Sami Hilmy al-Hinnawi (Arabic: محمد سامي حلمي الحناوي‎) (1898 – October 31, 1950) was a Syrian politician and military officer.


Al-Hinnawi was born in Aleppo and had served in the Ottoman army before serving in the French-Syrian army during the French Mandate of Syria.[citation needed]

Al-Hinnawi overthrew the military rule of Syrian President Husni al-Za'im in August 14, 1949 with the aid of fellow members in the Syrian Social Nationalist Party, including Adib al-Shishakli.[citation needed] After the coup, he swiftly ordered al-Za'im and Prime Minister Muhsin al-Barazi to be brought to Mezze prison in Damascus, where both were executed in front of Muhsin al-Barazi's son.[citation needed]

Al-Hinnawi was then installed as leader of a military junta, but al-Shishakli remained the military strongman.[citation needed] On December 19, 1949, Shishakli carried out another coup d'état (the third that year), strengthening his dictatorship. On October 31, 1950, al-Hinnawi was murdered in Beirut, Lebanon, by Hersho al-Barazi, a cousin of Muhsin al-Barazi.[1]


  1. ^ Moubayed, Sami M. (2000). Damascus Between Democracy and Dictatorship. University Press of America. p. 63. ISBN 9780761817444.

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