|Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit|
February 20, 1801 – July 1, 1802
|Appointed by||John Adams|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||Seat abolished|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont|
September 3, 1793 – February 20, 1801
|Appointed by||George Washington|
|Preceded by||Nathaniel Chipman|
|Succeeded by||Elijah Paine|
|Attorney General of Vermont|
October 1790 – September 3, 1793
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Buck|
|Born||March 23, 1755|
Brimfield, Massachusetts, British America
|Died||November 30, 1813 (aged 58)|
Burlington, Vermont, U.S.
|Education||Harvard University (BA)|
Samuel Hitchcock, the son of Noah and Mary Hitchcock, was born in Brimfield, Massachusetts and graduated from Harvard College in 1777. He studied law with Jedediah Foster in West Brookfield, Massachusetts, attained admission to the bar, and practiced in Worcester, Massachusetts.
He moved to Manchester, Vermont in 1785 and Burlington, Vermont in 1786, where he continued to practice law. He was state's attorney for Chittenden County, Vermont from 1787 to 1790, when he became the first Attorney General of Vermont, serving from 1790 to 1793. He served simultaneously, from 1789 to 1793, as a member of the Vermont House of Representatives. Hitchcock also served as a Justice of the Peace and heard cases in Burlington.
He received a recess appointment from President George Washington on September 3, 1793, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Vermont vacated by Nathaniel Chipman. Hitchcock was formally nominated on December 27, 1793, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 30, 1793, and received his commission on January 28, 1794.
On February 18, 1801, Hitchcock was nominated by President John Adams to a seat on the newly created United States circuit court for the Second Circuit, created by 2 Stat. 89, also known as the Midnight Judges Act. Hitchcock was confirmed to this seat by the Senate on February 20, 1801, and received his commission the same day. However, his service terminated on July 1, 1802, with the repeal of the act that created the circuit courts. Hitchcock thereafter returned to private practice in Burlington, Vermont and Vergennes, Vermont until his death.
Death and burial
Samuel Hitchcock was married to Lucy Caroline Allen (1768–1842), the daughter of Ethan Allen. Their children who lived to adulthood included Lorraine Allen Hitchcock, Henry Hitchcock, Mary Anne Hitchcock, Ethan Allen Hitchcock, Caroline P. Hitchcock, and Samuel Hitchcock.
- William S. Rann, History of Chittenden County, Vermont, 1886, page 414
- John Davison Lawson, American State Trials, Volume 6, 1916, page 689
- Yale University, Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University, 1910, page 135
- Vermont Secretary of State, Vermont Legislative Directory, 1902, page 198
- "Death notice, Samuel Hitchcock". Boston Commercial Gazette. Boston, MA. December 16, 1813. p. 2 – via GenealogyBank.com.
At Burlington, Ver on the 30th ult., Hon. Samuel Hitchcock, age 59.
- James T. White & Company, The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume 11, 1901, pages 195-196
- Corley, Edward B. (November 2, 1921). "Death and Burial Record for Samuel Hitchcock in the Vermont Vital Records, 1720-1908 (Copy of original)". Ancestry.com. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com LLC. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
- Dwight Whitney Marsh, The Genealogy of the Hitchcock Family, 1894, pages 250-251
- Many sources indicate November 20. November 30 is verified by the Burlington death and burial record for Samuel Hitchcock, as well as contemporary newspaper death notices, none of which appeared before December 1, 1813.
- Samuel Hitchcock at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|New office|| Attorney General of Vermont
| Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont
|New seat|| Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit