San Fernando, Romblon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
San Fernando
Municipality of San Fernando
Official seal of San Fernando
Map of Romblon with San Fernando highlighted
Map of Romblon with San Fernando highlighted
San Fernando is located in Philippines
San Fernando
San Fernando
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°19′N 122°36′E / 12.32°N 122.6°E / 12.32; 122.6Coordinates: 12°19′N 122°36′E / 12.32°N 122.6°E / 12.32; 122.6
Country Philippines
RegionMimaropa (Region IV-B)
DistrictLone district
IncorporatedJanuary 1, 1947
Barangays12 (see Barangays)
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorSalem R. Tansingco NP)[1]
 • Vice MayorCocoy Rosas (NPC)[1]
 • CouncilorsJezrel Aquino (PDPLBN)
Romel Repil (NP)
Cmyt Renion (NP)
Rodelio Relox (NP)
Dante Marin (NP)
Cynthia Rios (PDPLBN)
Dax Rios (LP)
Robert Relox (PDPLBN)
 • Electorate15,546 voters (2016)
 • Total196.87 km2 (76.01 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,058 m (6,752 ft)
 (2015 census)[4]
 • Total23,271
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Climate typetropical climate
Income class4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)82.6 million  (2016)
Native languagesRomblomanon

San Fernando, officially the Municipality of San Fernando, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 23,271 people.[4]


Early history[edit]

The town of San Fernando was established in 1636 as Visita de Cauit in what is today Barangay Azagra. It is one of two visitas in Sibuyan Island, the other being Cajidiocan. In 1744, Cajiodiocan was turned into a pueblo (town) which included Visita de Cauit.[5][6]

The first villages or barrios of Visita de Cauit were Pag-alad, Cangumba, Mabolo or San Roque, Canjalon, España or Canago, Agtiwa, Cangumon and Otod. After Romblon was made a separate district in 1853, and the local government reorganization of 1855, 17 new pueblos were created including Visita de Cauit. On 3 February 1868, Pueblo de Cauit was renamed Pueblo de Azagra. One of Azagra's villages, Visita de Pag-alad was renamed Visita de San Fernando in 1882, in honor of Ferdinand Magellan.[5][6]

Modern era[edit]

The bow of the capsized M/V Princess of the Stars

When civilian government was introduced to the province by the Americans on 16 March 1901, Azagra was one of 11 new municipalities created. However, by the end of the year, the seat of the municipality was transferred from Azagra to San Fernando village, thereby, changing the town's name.[5][6]

On 8 June 1940, the passage of Commonwealth Act No. 581, sponsored by Congressman Leonardo Festin, created the special municipality of Sibuyan. It abolished San Fernando and was annexed to the new town whose seat of government was in Cajidiocan. The special municipality of Sibuyan was abolished by Republic Act No. 38, authored by Congressman Modesto Formilleza and enacted on 1 October 1946.[7] It effectively restored San Fernando into its former status as an independent municipality.[5][6]

In 1958, San Fernando High School, the town's highest institution of learning was converted into a national school for arts and trades known as Romblon National Vocation School under Republic Act No. 2428.[5][6]

MV Princess of the Stars sinking[edit]

On 21 June 2008, MV Princess of the Stars, the flagship inter-island ferry of Sulpicio Lines sank in the waters of San Fernando after during the onslaught of Typhoon Fengshen (locally known as Typhoon Frank).[8] Of the ship's 862 passengers and crew, only 48 survived while 67 were confirmed dead and 747 remain missing. A massive search-and-rescue, and then recovery and salvage operation, took place in the waters of San Fernando to remove remaining dead bodies and potentially dangerous cargo from the sunken ship. The wreck of the MV Princess of the Star still remains in the town's coastal waters.[9][10]


San Fernando is a coastal town which lies on the south-western portion of the Sibuyan Island and is the biggest among the three towns comprising the island, the other two being Magdiwang and Cajidiocan. It has a total land area of 190,608.231 km2. making it the largest municipality in the province, surpassing Odiongan by more than 11 km2. I The municipality has an irregular coastline broken by beautiful, long stretches of sandy beaches.

The municipality has high and steep mountain ranges as it is located at the foot of Romblon's tallest peak, Mount Guiting-Guiting. Other mountains are Mount Sibuyan and Mount Conico. Much of its territory is part of Mount Guiting-Guiting Natural Park made up of lush tropical rainforest where unique flora and fauna thrive, giving Sibuyan the nickname, "The Galapagos of the Philippines".


San Fernando is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.

  • Agtiwa
  • Azagra
  • Campalingo
  • Canjalon
  • España
  • Mabini
  • Mabulo
  • Otod
  • Panangcalan
  • Pili
  • Poblacion
  • Taclobo


Population census of San Fernando
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,977—    
1918 5,602+2.31%
1939 7,585+1.45%
1948 8,697+1.53%
1960 10,659+1.71%
1970 13,448+2.35%
1975 14,008+0.82%
1980 14,778+1.08%
1990 17,768+1.86%
1995 18,551+0.81%
2000 21,214+2.92%
2007 22,325+0.71%
2010 22,466+0.23%
2015 23,271+0.67%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][11][12][13]

According to the 2015 census, San Fernando has a population of 23,271, which makes San Fernando the 3rd most inhabited town in the province of Romblon.

The variant Romblomanon language locally called Sibuyanon dialect (Sibuyanon Magdiwang-España Style) is the native language in 4 eastern barangays of the municipality, while the rest speaks Sibuyanon (Sibujanon Azagra-San Fernando Style).The town has a Majority of Catholics and a few INC,Christian Bornagain and other Religions.

Local government[edit]

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[14] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

The incumbent mayor of San Fernando, Romblon, is Salem R. Tansingco and the incumbent vice mayor is Arben Rosas.[15]

Term Mayor Vice Mayor
30 June 2010 - 30 June 2013
Dindo Rios
Jesusima Castro
30 June 2013 – 30 June 2016
Salem Tansingco (NP)[16]
30 June 2016 - 30 June 2019
Arben Rosas[17]
30 June 2019 - incumbent[1]

a Died in office.
b Served in acting capacity.
c Resigned.


Member (party) Member (party) Member (party) Member (party) Member (party) Member (party) Member (party) Member (party)
2013[16] Renren Baranda
Dax Rios
Bubot Renion
Valentin Lotec, Jr.
Meriam Rafol
Cocoy Rosas
Zorai Repil
Domingo Marin
2016[18] Rene Baranda
Rodelio Relox
Romel Repil
Domingo Marin
Bubot Renion
Adeterio Mostaza
Valentin Lotec, III
Samuel Roda
2019[1] Jezrel Aquino
Romel Repil
Cmyt Renion
Rodelio Relox
Dante Marin
Cynthia Rios
Dax Rios
Robert Relox


The municipality has various establishments including general merchandise stores, construction and welding shops, furniture outlets, funeral homes, rice mills, bakeshops, catering services, and one cable TV station. Fishing and Agriculture provides the main source of livelihood for the residents in San Fernando. The Sibuyan Sea and Cresta de Gallo serve as a fishing grounds due to its abundant marine animals like mackerel, sea quartz, tuna, dilis, tanguigue, lapu-lapu, and tropical fish to name a few.The Agriculture sector of San Fernando is Mainly Rice and Corn Planting.



The San Fernando branch of Romblon State University offers a number of tertiary education courses for the local residents as well as students coming from all over the island.There are also 12 Public elementary schools and 2 private owned. There are also 3 government owned secondary school,one annex and 1 privately owned.

List of Schools in San Fernando are:


Government Owned: Romblon State University [San Fernando Campus]


Government Owned:

Agtiwa Elementary School

Azagra Elementary School

Campalingo Elementary School

Canjalon Elementary School

España Elementary School

Layag Cultural Minority School

Mabini Elementary School

Mabulo Elementary School

Otod Elementary School

Taclobo Elementary School

Teresa Bernas Memorial School

San Fernando Elementary School

Religious Schools:

Sibuyan Seventh Day Adventist Minority School

Sibuyan Catholic School


Government Owned:

Azagra National High School

Don Carlos Mangarin Mejias Memorial National High School

España National High School

España National High School (Mabini Annex)

Religious School:

Hillside View Academy


National Power Corporation operates a 650-kW plant and 1,025-kW substation in San Fernando.It also have a Mini Hydro Power Plant in Cantingas.ROMELCO, the local electric cooperative, also implements power supply on the households. For its water supply, the town uses the Cantingas irrigation system, which services some 384 hectares of farmland. Some households depend on individual potable distribution which comes from jet pumps and springs.[5]

Transportation and communication[edit]

Tricycles are always available to carry passengers to town center or to the other places on the island when a ship is scheduled to arrive.There are also plans to open charter flights in Azagra Airstrip in the Town.There are also pumpboats that docks in the port of the town centre going to Roxas City.There are also pumpboats travel from agtiwa to Romblon Island.

From Azagra jeepneys and tricycles are always available to carry passengers to town center or to the other places on the island when a ship is scheduled to arrive.There are also plans to open charter flights in Azagra Airstrip in the Town.There are also pumpboats that docks in the port of the town centre going to Roxas City.There are also pumpboats travel from agatiwa to Romblon Island

PLDT offers telecommunication services in San Fernando. Cellular phone services from Smart and Globe are available as well. Terrestrial and cable television services have become available too. The Sibuyan Circumferential Road is the main thoroughfare that traverses the coastline of San Fernando. This road connects San Fernando with the other Sibuyan Island towns of Cajidiocan and Magdiwang. Means of transportation include jeepneys, light vehicles, truck, motorcycles, and tricycles.[5] Globe and Smart cellular also has 3G internet connection in San Fernando.


Because of its untouched mountainous landscape, several rivers,springs,falls, and freshwater lakes can be found in San Fernando.[5][6] These include:

  • Cresta de Gallo: A five-hectare kidney-shaped islet with verdant terrain sloping down to the powdery white sand beach and surrounded by beautiful corral reefs. The beach is rich with different species of marine life and an ideal place for swimming and scuba diving.
  • Busay Falls: A scenic spot with a natural pool located some 2.5 kilometers from Poblacion at Barangay Panangcalan. The upper portion is the water reservoir serving the Poblacion.
  • Cantingas River: The pride of Barangay Taclobo is a natural swimming pool with a crystal water. The river is odorless, tasteless, and ever-flowing cold where one could quench his thirst while swimming. It has a cottage with a conference hall.It was also awarded as cleaniest and greeniest river in the Philippines for the year 2003 and 2005.
  • Lamao Lake: A seven-hectare natural lake in Barangay Azagra.
  • Lagting Falls: This scenic hideaway with a basin-like natural pool is located in Barangay Taclobo, some 3 kilometers away from Poblacion. This falls is a refreshing place to immerse during this hot summer. It has two natural swimming pools with clean water and has several cottages available around the area
  • Dagubdob Falls: A falls in Sitio Olango in Barangay Espana that is near in the mountain.
  • Bila Bila Falls :A Beautiful Falls in Canjalon Named Bila Bila meaning Butterflies.



  1. ^ a b c d "Halalan 2019 Philippine Election Results". ABS-CBN News.
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Fabula, Milex (2001). "Profile: San Fernando, Romblon". Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "San Fernando, Romblon". The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Romblon. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  7. ^ Juris, The Corpus (1 October 1946). "R.A. No. 38: An Act Repealing C.A. No. 581, Entitled, "An Act Abolishing the Existing Municipal Governments and the Provincial Government of Romblon, and Creating Instead Four Special Municipalities," Restoring the Regular Provincial Government and Municipalities of the Province of Romblon, and Creating the Municipality of Santa Fe". The Corpus Juris.
  8. ^ "Hundreds missing as ship capsizes". BBC News. 22 June 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2008.
  9. ^ "700 people aboard drifting ferry in Philippines". Radio Australia. 22 June 2008. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012.
  10. ^ Ortiz, Margaux; Salaverria, Leila (24 June 2008). "Ill-starred ship pride of Sulpicio". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  15. ^
  16. ^ a b "2013 Election Results: San Fernando, Romblon - Comelec Live Data - Philippine National and Local Elections - Updated Real Time".
  17. ^ "san fernando - romblon - City/Municipality Results - Eleksyon2016 - Results -". GMA News Online.
  18. ^ "san fernando - romblon - City/Municipality Results - Eleksyon2016 - Results -". GMA News Online.

External links[edit]