Sara, Iloilo

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Sara
Municipality of Sara
Official seal of Sara
Seal
Map of Iloilo with Sara highlighted
Map of Iloilo with Sara highlighted
Sara is located in Philippines
Sara
Sara
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°15′N 123°01′E / 11.25°N 123.02°E / 11.25; 123.02Coordinates: 11°15′N 123°01′E / 11.25°N 123.02°E / 11.25; 123.02
Country Philippines
RegionWestern Visayas (Region VI)
ProvinceIloilo
District5th district of Iloilo
Barangays42 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJon N. Aying
 • Vice MayorJess A. Salcedo
 • CongressmanRaul C. Tupas
 • Electorate29,021 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total169.02 km2 (65.26 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total52,631
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
5014
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)33
Climate typetropical climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)122.5 million  (2016)
Native languagesHiligaynon
Capiznon
Tagalog
Websitewww.sara.gov.ph

Sara, officially the Municipality of Sara, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 52,631 people.[3]

Sara is 98 kilometres (61 mi) from Iloilo City and is 89 kilometres (55 mi) from Roxas City.


History[edit]

1877- the Spaniards who have travelled the northward coast of Iloilo had discovered natives who with their houses built near the seashore called this “Lakdayan”. The Spaniards established a seat of government in Concepcion. Its surrounding barrios are San Dionisio, Ajuy and Sara. The head of the local government of Concepcion was called Kapitan while the subordinate leaders in San Dionisio were called Tenientes and Cabezas de Barangay.

Barangay of San Dionisio includes 1. Odiongan 2. Capinang 3. Cudionan 4. Bagacay 5. Nipa

1877 - A village of San Juan separated from Concepcion and became a town . San Dionisio and Lemery were attached to San Juan . The Augustinians Fathers founded Sara into a “pueblo” under the patronage of Saint John the Baptist, whose feast is celebrated on June 24th. Formerly, it’s just barrio San Juan that includes much of Ajuy. It became a regular parish in 1895 with father Paulino Diaz as curate.

Barangay of Sara Ilongbukid , Maremhon , Lawa-an , Bai-ran , Batuan , Agsinapot , Maligayligay , Samponongbolo , Alabidhan , Ambolong , Busay , Caburra , Asue Pabriaga , Balabago , Alawehao , Quinasop-an , Bolod , Aglahog , Madarag , Serruco , Salvacion , Ajuz , Talisay , Masonson , Quipot , Quipot , Damasco.

[4]

Sara and Ajuy remained the top sugar producers in Iloilo until the onset of the American colonization, followed by Balasan, Passi and Dingle (Panay Directory and Souvenir Book, 1937).

In 1928, the Central Azucarera de Sara-Ajuy was incorporated by the Ynchausti y Cia, and established a sugar mill in Ajuy (Annual Report of the Governor General of the Philippine Islands, 1929).

Sara-Ajuy sugar central's production steadily increased, starting with 1,842 tons in 1929, it climbed to 4,046 tons and 4,716 tons in 1930 and 1931, respectively (American Chamber of Commerce Journal, August 1931).

It became the top sugar producer in Iloilo by the late 1930s, followed by the Central Santos-Lopez in Barotac Nuevo, the Philippine Starch and Sugar Co. in Janiuay and the Central Lourdes in Dingle.

Before World War II broke out, the Central Azucarera de Sara-Ajuy recorded a production of 108,725.52 piculs during the crop year 1941-1942.

"However, in the course of the Japanese invasion... there came a total blackout on the sugar milling activities," wrote historian Henry Funtecha in "Iloilo in the 20th Century: An Economic History (1997)".

After the war, Central Azucarera de Sara-Ajuy briefly resumed operations but found it difficult to recover until it eventually closed.[5]


Sara District Hospital was founded in 1960s in Anoring , Sara as co-referral hospital for Lemery , Sandionisio , Ajuy and Conception , Iloilo.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Iloilo, Philippines (1961–1990, extremes 1903–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.7
(94.5)
35.5
(95.9)
39.0
(102.2)
37.5
(99.5)
37.8
(100.0)
37.5
(99.5)
35.2
(95.4)
34.8
(94.6)
37.8
(100.0)
35.4
(95.7)
34.8
(94.6)
34.5
(94.1)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
30.2
(86.4)
31.7
(89.1)
33.1
(91.6)
33.1
(91.6)
31.6
(88.9)
30.7
(87.3)
30.4
(86.7)
30.8
(87.4)
31.1
(88.0)
30.9
(87.6)
30.2
(86.4)
31.1
(88.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
27.6
(81.7)
28.9
(84.0)
29.1
(84.4)
28.1
(82.6)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.5
(81.5)
26.8
(80.2)
27.6
(81.7)
Average low °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
23.5
(74.3)
24.6
(76.3)
25.1
(77.2)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.4
(74.1)
24.0
(75.2)
Record low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
16.7
(62.1)
18.6
(65.5)
20.0
(68.0)
20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68.0)
19.8
(67.6)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
18.3
(64.9)
16.5
(61.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 39.9
(1.57)
19.1
(0.75)
27.1
(1.07)
47.7
(1.88)
117.9
(4.64)
255.2
(10.05)
313.2
(12.33)
363.7
(14.32)
266.8
(10.50)
264.1
(10.40)
174.8
(6.88)
64.2
(2.53)
1,953.7
(76.92)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11 7 7 6 14 18 21 20 19 18 15 14 170
Average relative humidity (%) 82 80 75 73 77 82 85 85 85 84 84 83 81
Source #1: Climate Charts[6]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (rainy days),[7] PAGASA (records)[8]

Barangays[edit]

Sara is politically subdivided into 42 barangays.[2]

  • Aguirre
  • Aldeguer
  • Alibayog
  • Anoring
  • Apelo
  • Apologista
  • Aposaga
  • Arante
  • Ardemil
  • Aspera
  • Aswe-Pabriaga
  • Bagaygay
  • Bakabak
  • Batitao
  • Bato
  • Del Castillo
  • Castor
  • Crespo
  • Devera
  • Domingo
  • Ferraris
  • Gildore
  • Improgo
  • Juaneza
  • Labigan
  • Lanciola
  • Latawan
  • Malapaya
  • Muyco
  • Padios
  • Pasig
  • Poblacion Ilawod
  • Poblacion Ilaya
  • Poblacion Market
  • Posadas
  • Preciosa
  • Salcedo
  • San Luis
  • Tady
  • Tentay
  • Villahermosa
  • Zerrudo

1957 renaming[edit]

In 1957, Congress enacted Republic Act No. 1733 which renamed a lot of these barangays.[9]

Old Name New Name
Ilongbukid Bagaygay
Maremhon Villahermosa
Lawa-an Gildore
Bai-ran Castor
Batuan Aldeguer
Agsinapot Del Castillo
Maligayligay Malapaya
Samponongbolo Juaneza
Alabidhan Tady
Ambolong Lanciola
Busay Preciosa
Caburra Zerrudo
Asue Pabriaga Pabriaga
Balabago Apologista
Alawehao Posadas
Quinasop-an Muyco
Bolod Padios
Aglahog Bacabac
Madarag Crespo
Serruco Ferraris
Salvacion Arante
Ajuz Salcedo
Talisay Apelo
Masonson Devera
Quipot Aguirre
Damasco Aspera

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Sara
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,366—    
1918 26,908+5.91%
1939 22,419−0.87%
1948 16,042−3.65%
1960 17,837+0.89%
1970 21,824+2.04%
1975 24,892+2.67%
1980 28,838+2.99%
1990 36,707+2.44%
1995 38,652+0.97%
2000 42,363+1.98%
2007 45,005+0.84%
2010 46,889+1.50%
2015 52,631+2.22%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][10][11][12]

In the 2015 census, the population of Sara, Iloilo, was 52,631 people,[3] with a density of 310 inhabitants per square kilometre or 800 inhabitants per square mile.

Economy[edit]

Sara is the Banking Center in Northern Iloilo where a number of banks are located such as Land Bank of the Philippines. Gaisano Grand Mall - Sara was opened in July 31 , 2019.

Media[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Iloilo". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ http://vicilongo.weebly.com/iloilo-history-part-7.html
  5. ^ http://vicilongo.weebly.com/iloilo-history-part-7.html
  6. ^ "Climate (Average Weather) Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  7. ^ "Klimatafel von Iloilo / Insel Panay / Philippinen" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Iloilo City Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  9. ^ "An Act Changing the Names of Certain Barrios in the Municipality of Sara, Province of Iloilo". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Iloilo". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]