Sarimanok

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The Sarimanok [ pronunciation: sá·ri·ma·nók], also known as papanok in its feminine form,[1] is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao, an island in the Philippines and it is the Philippine Mythology. It comes from the words "sari" and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment, which is generally of assorted colors. manok means "chicken".

Sarimanok
0045MuseumFilipinojf 08.JPG
GroupingMythical creature
Similar creaturesVíðópnir
Simurgh
Other name(s)Papanoka "Mra"
"Mara patik"
CountryPhilippines
RegionMindanao

Description[edit]

The Sarimanok is the legendary bird that has become an ubiquitous symbol of Maranao art. It is depicted as a fowl with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. The head is profusely decorated with scroll, leaf, and spiral motifs. It is said to be a symbol of good fortune.[2][3][4]

Origin[edit]

A sarimanok carving
The Institute Mace held by the Institute Registrar of the [[Mindanao State University ]] - Iligan Institute of Technology

The Sarimanok is derived from a totem bird of the Maranao people, called Itotoro. According to the Maranao people, the Itotoro is a medium to the spirit world via its unseen twin spirit bird called Inikadowa.

According to the later Islamic legend, Muhammad found a rooster in the first of the seven heavens. The bird was so large its crest touched the second heaven. Its crow roused every living creature except man. Judgement day would come once this celestial rooster ceased to crow.[5]

Cultural Significance[edit]

According to the tradition, the sarimanok is never displayed by itself. It must be displayed with the set of flags, standards and vexilloids. At present, this is not totally true; sarimanok may be placed on the top of the umbrella of a Sultan or dignitary, and also, the Mindanao State University has adopted it for the graduation exercises following a non-traditional use.[6][7]

Philippine National Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao uses the Sarimanok as a motif for some of his artworks which helped popularize the creature.[8]

The Far Eastern University seal bears the FEU Coat of Arms and the sarimanok motif. The FEU Coat of arms consists of eight-pointed golden star that represents the first eight main disciplines of FEU. The sarimanok is a legendary bird in full color that project the nationalistic spirit upon which the university is founded. The university wanted to have a Filipino touch in everything because they were one of the first universities in the Philippines to be founded by a Filipino, Dr. Nicanor Reyes, Sr..[9]

The Philippine TV network ABS-CBN used the Sarimanok in their 1993 station ID and as its official mascot from 1993 until 1999. It was first used during its color broadcasts in 1966, similar to how the United States' NBC created their most famous symbol for color broadcasts: the peacock, which remains the company's official logo to this day. The Sarimanok was re-used in 2004 for regional broadcasts.

The Philippine float entry for the 1998 Tournament of Roses Parade featured a giant 55-foot Sarimanok which also won the "Most Beautiful Float from Outside the USA” honors.[10][11]

The Sarimanok was also the logo of Spirit of Manila Airlines, a short-lived airline which only lasted from 2011-2012.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peralta, Jesus T. (1980). "Southwestern Philippine Art". Anthropological papers (National Museum (Philippines)) (7): 32–34.
  2. ^ Philippine Arts and Culture: Sarimanok. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  3. ^ Geocities: Sarimanok. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  4. ^ Kipas: Kulintang Ensemble. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  5. ^ The Manila Times Internet Edition: Adorning the Sarimanok. Accessed July 29, 2007
  6. ^ Royal Sultanates of Lake Lanao Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  7. ^ ABC: Under the Crescent Moon. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  8. ^ "Abdulmari Asia Imao". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  9. ^ Tambayan, The Official Magazine of the FEU Advocate, March 2012, Vol.8
  10. ^ Pelayo, Larry; Casuco, David (2011). "The Philippines' long history with the Rose Parade". Balita Filipino News.
  11. ^ "Giant Sarimanok, Jeepney at Rose Parade". NEWSFLASH. January 2, 1998.