Scotland national under-21 football team

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Scotland under-21
AssociationScottish Football Association
Head coachScot Gemmill[1]
Most capsChristian Dailly (35)[2]
Top scorerScott Booth (8)[2]
Jordan Rhodes (8)[2]
First colours
Second colours
First international
Czech Republic Czechoslovakia 0 – 0 Scotland Scotland
12 October 1976
Biggest win
Scotland Scotland 5 – 0 Finland Finland
6 September 1995[3]
Biggest defeat
England England 6 – 0 Scotland Scotland
13 August 2013
UEFA U-21 Championship
Appearances6 (first in 1980)
Best resultSemi-finalists (1982, 1992, 1996)

The Scotland national under-21 football team, controlled by the Scottish Football Association, is Scotland's national under 21 football team and is considered to be a feeder team for the Scotland national football team.

As a European under-21 team, Scotland compete in the UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship, which is usually held every other year. The team has qualified for the final stages of these Championships on six occasions, although not since 1996. There is no global tournament for under-21 national teams. Performance in the European Championship determines qualification for football at the Summer Olympics, which Scotland is unable to compete in.

History[edit]

Scotland played under-23 international matches, mainly friendlies against England and Wales, from 1955 until 1975.[4] Scotland first entered the UEFA competition for under-23 national teams in 1975–76. Scotland reached the quarter-finals, but were eliminated on a penalty shootout by the Netherlands. An under-21 team then came into existence, replacing the under-23 team, when UEFA reduced the age limit.[5]

Scotland under-21s have reached the last four of the European tournament three times (1982, 1992 and 1996), while appearing in the quarter finals on three other occasions (1980, 1984 and 1988). The team qualified for the 1992 Summer Olympics and 1996 Summer Olympics, but were unable to compete due to Scotland not being independently represented in the International Olympic Committee.[6] Similar to the full national side, however, the under-21 team has not qualified for a finals tournament since the late 1990s. The under-21 team reached the playoff round for the 2004 and 2011 tournaments, but lost to Croatia[7] and Iceland[8] respectively.

European Championships[edit]

Year Result GP W D* L GS GA
1976 Quarter Final[a] 6 5 0 1 13 4
1978 Did not qualify 4 2 1 1 5 4
1980 Quarter Final 7 3 3 1 14 7
1982 Semi Final 8 3 3 2 9 6
1984 Quarter Final 8 5 2 1 14 10
1986 Did not qualify 4 1 1 2 1 4
1988 Quarter Final 6 3 1 2 7 4
1990 Did not qualify 6 1 1 4 7 13
1992 Semi Final 10 6 2 2 18 10
1994 Did not qualify 8 2 2 4 8 11
1996 Fourth place 12 8 0 4 21 10
1998 Did not qualify 10 2 1 7 10 20
2000 10 4 2 4 18 12
2002 6 2 2 2 6 6
2004 8 5 1 2 11 8
2006 10 1 3 6 6 17
2007 2 0 0 2 1 4
2009 8 5 1 2 17 6
2011 10 5 2 3 18 11
2013 8 3 4 1 16 9
2015 8 3 2 3 12 15
2017 10 2 2 6 8 17
2019 10 4 2 4 13 13

*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided by a penalty shootout.

  • Bronze background color indicates third or fourth-place finish (some competitions did not have a third place playoff match).

Other tournaments[edit]

Year Competition Result GP W D* L GS GA Ref
France 1977 Toulon Tournament Sixth Place 4 1 1 2 6 7 [9]
France 1991 Toulon Tournament Third Place 3 2 1 0 5 3 [10]
France 1992 Toulon Tournament Eighth Place 3 0 0 3 0 7 [11]
France 1993 Toulon Tournament Third Place 4 2 0 2 3 2 [12]
France 1994 Toulon Tournament Sixth Place 3 1 1 1 3 3 [13]
France 1995 Toulon Tournament Fourth Place 4 2 0 2 4 7 [14]
France 1997 Toulon Tournament Ninth Place 4 0 3 1 2 4 [15]
Northern Ireland 2000 Three Nations Tournament Winners 2 1 1 0 2 1 [16][17]
France 2017 Toulon Tournament Third Place 5 3 0 2 8 7 [18]
France 2018 Toulon Tournament Fourth Place 5 2 2 1 5 5 [19]

Head coaches[edit]

Billy Stark, head coach of the team from 2008 to 2014.

Archie Knox left his post as Scotland's National Youth Teams Coach on 30 August 2007 to take up a full-time with Bolton Wanderers as coaching co-ordinator, Maurice Malpas took temporary charge. In January 2008 the SFA appointed a new full-time coach in Billy Stark, who left his job as manager of Second Division side Queen's Park to take the position.[20] Stark resigned from the position in November 2014.[21]

Tenure Head Coach/Manager
1975–1982 Andy Roxburgh
1982–1986 Walter Smith
1986–1993 Craig Brown
1993–1998 Tommy Craig[22]
1998–2002 Alex Smith[22][23]
2002–2005 Rainer Bonhof[23][24]
2005–2006 Maurice Malpas (caretaker)[25]
2006–2007 Archie Knox[26]
2007–2008 Maurice Malpas (caretaker)[27]
2008–2014 Billy Stark[20][21]
2014–2015 Ricky Sbragia (caretaker)[21]
2015 Danny Lennon (caretaker)[28]
2015–2016 Ricky Sbragia[29]
2016–present Scot Gemmill[1]

Players[edit]

Leading appearances[edit]

As of 13 September 2018[2]
Rank Player Club(s) Period U-21 Caps
1 Christian Dailly Dundee United 1990–1996 35
2 Steven Pressley Rangers, Coventry City, Dundee United 1993–1996 27
3 Paul Hanlon Hibernian 2009–2012 23
=4 Craig Easton Dundee United 1997–2001 22
=4 Gary Naysmith Heart of Midlothian 1996–1999 22
6 Shaun Maloney Celtic 2001–2005 21
=7 Stuart Armstrong Dundee United 2010–2014 20
=7 Jamie McCunnie Dundee United, Ross County, Dunfermline Athletic 2001–2005 20
=7 Jordan McGhee Heart of Midlothian 2013–present 20
=10 Stevie Crawford Raith Rovers 1994–1996 19
=10 Ryan Jack Aberdeen 2011–2014 19
=10 Mark Wilson Dundee United, Celtic 2004–2006 19

Note: Club(s) represents the permanent clubs during the player's time in the Under-21 team. Those players in bold are still eligible to play for the team at the moment.

Leading goalscorers[edit]

As of 13 September 2018[2]
Rank Player Club(s) Period U-21 Goals
=1 Scott Booth Aberdeen 1990–1993 8
=1 Jordan Rhodes Huddersfield Town 2011–2012 8
=3 Jamie Murphy Motherwell 2008–2010 6
=3 Chris Maguire Aberdeen 2008–2010 6
=3 Jim Hamilton Dundee, Heart of Midlothian 1995–1997 6
=3 Mark Burchill Celtic 1998–2001 6
=3 Fraser Hornby Everton 2018– 6
=8 Gerry Creaney Celtic 1990–1992 5
=8 Christian Dailly Dundee United 1990–1996 5
=8 Steven Fletcher Hibernian 2006–2008 5
=8 Simon Lynch Celtic 2002–2003 5
=8 Shaun Maloney Celtic 2001–2005 5
=8 Steven Naismith Kilmarnock, Rangers 2005–2008 5
=8 Steven Thompson Dundee United 1997–1999 5
=8 Tony Watt Celtic 2012–2013 5

Note: Club(s) represents the permanent clubs during the player's time in the Under-21s. Those players in bold are still eligible to play for the team at the moment.

Eligibility[edit]

The team is for players born in the year 21 years before the starting year of each tournament.[30] As each tournament normally takes two years to complete, players can continue to play for the under-21 team after their 22nd birthday.[30] As long as they are eligible, players can play at any level, making it possible to play for the under-21s, senior side and then return to the under-21 side.[30] It is now also possible to play for one country at youth level and another country at senior level (providing the player is eligible).[5] For instance, Nigel Quashie played for England under-21s and Scotland.[5] Until the late 1980s, teams were allowed to select some over-age players in the under-21 team,[31][32][33] similar to the present arrangement in football at the Summer Olympics.[34]

Current squad[edit]

The following players were selected for Euro 2023 qualification matches with San Marino and Croatia in September 2019.[35][36]

As of 14:33, 26 March 2019 (UTC)
No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Ross Doohan (1998-03-29) 29 March 1998 (age 21) 5 0 Scotland Ayr United (on loan from Celtic)
1GK Robby McCrorie (1998-03-18) 18 March 1998 (age 21) 5 0 Scotland Queen of the South (on loan from Rangers)
1GK Kieran Wright 0 0 Scotland Rangers

2DF Daniel Harvie (1998-07-14) 14 July 1998 (age 21) 5 0 Scotland Ayr United
2DF George Johnston (1998-09-01) 1 September 1998 (age 20) 2 0 Netherlands Feyenoord
2DF Ross McCrorie (1998-03-18) 18 March 1998 (age 21) 12 0 England Portsmouth (on loan from Rangers)
2DF Tom McIntyre (1998-11-06) 6 November 1998 (age 20) 1 0 England Reading
2DF Ryan Porteous (1999-03-25) 25 March 1999 (age 20) 8 0 Scotland Hibernian
2DF Patrick Reading (1999-05-29) 29 May 1999 (age 20) 1 0 England Middlesbrough

3MF Allan Campbell (1998-07-04) 4 July 1998 (age 21) 15 0 Scotland Motherwell
3MF Lewis Ferguson (1999-08-24) 24 August 1999 (age 19) 3 0 Scotland Aberdeen
3MF Billy Gilmour (2001-06-11) 11 June 2001 (age 18) 8 1 England Chelsea
3MF Jordan Holsgrove (1999-09-10) 10 September 1999 (age 19) 2 0 England Reading
3MF Stephen Kelly (2000-04-13) 13 April 2000 (age 19) 0 0 Scotland Ayr United (on loan from Rangers)
3MF Kyle Magennis (1998-08-26) 26 August 1998 (age 20) 1 0 Scotland St Mirren
3MF Kyle McAllister (1999-01-21) 21 January 1999 (age 20) 1 0 Scotland St Mirren
3MF Lewis Smith (2000-03-16) 16 March 2000 (age 19) 0 0 Scotland Hamilton Academical

4FW Fraser Hornby (1999-09-13) 13 September 1999 (age 19) 9 6 England Everton
4FW Michael Johnston (1999-04-19) 19 April 1999 (age 20) 8 1 Scotland Celtic
4FW Connor McLennan (1999-10-05) 5 October 1999 (age 19) 0 0 Scotland Aberdeen
4FW Glenn Middleton (2000-01-01) 1 January 2000 (age 19) 6 0 Scotland Hibernian (on loan from Rangers)
4FW James Scott (2000-08-30) 30 August 2000 (age 18) 0 0 Scotland Motherwell

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have also been called up to the Scotland under-21 squad and remain eligible (current clubs shown).

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Josh Donaldson (2000-05-05) 5 May 2000 (age 19) 0 0 Scotland Dundee United  Andorra, March 2018
GK Ross Munro (2000-04-01) 1 April 2000 (age 19) 0 0 Scotland Raith Rovers (on loan from Ross County)  England, October 2018
GK Robbie Mutch (1998-08-20) 20 August 1998 (age 20) 0 0 Scotland Falkirk  Slovakia, November 2016

DF Jamie Brandon (1998-02-05) 5 February 1998 (age 21) 2 0 Scotland Heart of Midlothian  Sweden, March 2019
DF Chris Hamilton (2001-06-13) 13 June 2001 (age 18) 3 0 Scotland Cowdenbeath (on loan from Heart of Midlothian) 2018 Toulon Tournament
DF Sean Mackie (1998-11-04) 4 November 1998 (age 20) 1 0 Scotland Hibernian  Sweden, March 2019
DF Barry Maguire (1998-04-27) 27 April 1998 (age 21) 2 1 Scotland Motherwell  Sweden, March 2019
DF Calvin Miller (1998-01-09) 9 January 1998 (age 21) 1 0 Scotland Celtic  Sweden, March 2019
DF Anthony Ralston (1998-11-16) 16 November 1998 (age 20) 5 0 Scotland Celtic 2018 Toulon Tournament
MF Iain Wilson (1998-12-15) 15 December 1998 (age 20) 7 0 Scotland Kilmarnock  Sweden, March 2019

MF Theo Archibald (1998-03-05) 5 March 1998 (age 21) 1 0 England Macclesfield Town  Latvia, November 2017
MF Liam Burt (1999-02-01) 1 February 1999 (age 20) 5 0 Scotland Celtic 2018 Toulon Tournament
MF Adam Frizzell (1998-01-22) 22 January 1998 (age 21) 0 0 Scotland Kilmarnock  Netherlands, September 2017
MF Jake Hastie (1999-03-18) 18 March 1999 (age 20) 2 0 Scotland Rangers  Sweden, March 2019
MF Ben House (1999-07-05) 5 July 1999 (age 20) 2 0 England Reading  Sweden, March 2019
MF Callumn Morrison (1999-07-05) 5 July 1999 (age 20) 0 0 Scotland Heart of Midlothian  Sweden, March 2019
MF Harvey St Clair (1998-10-13) 13 October 1998 (age 20) 3 0 Italy Venezia 2018 Toulon Tournament
MF David Turnbull (1999-07-10) 10 July 1999 (age 20) 2 0 Scotland Motherwell  Sweden, March 2019
MF Elliot Watt (2000-03-11) 11 March 2000 (age 19) 3 0 England Wolverhampton Wanderers  England, October 2018

FW Frank Ross (1998-02-18) 18 February 1998 (age 21) 0 0 Scotland Ayr United (on loan from Aberdeen)  Netherlands, September 2018
FW Oli Shaw (1998-03-12) 12 March 1998 (age 21) 3 0 Scotland Hibernian  Sweden, March 2019

Past squads[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Under-23 competition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Scotland U21: Coach Ricky Sbragia makes way for Scot Gemmill". BBC Sport. 7 September 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Alltime Player Records". www.fitbastats.com. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Alltime Club Records". www.fitbastats.com. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  4. ^ "Results List". www.fitbastats.com. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Abrahall, Csaba (January 2007). "Age of ascent". When Saturday Comes. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  6. ^ Gibbons, Glenn (5 February 2009). "Craig Brown battles to preserve Scottish football rights by opposing Team GB". The Scotsman. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
  7. ^ "Bonhof hails defeated Scots". BBC Sport. 18 November 2003. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  8. ^ "Coach Billy Stark proud of Scotland U21s development". BBC Sport. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  9. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 1977". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 1991". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 1992". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 1993". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 1994". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 1995". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 1997". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  16. ^ "U-21 Three Nations Tournament (Northern Ireland) 2000". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Goalscorer Notman will demand transfer to find greater glory". Herald Scotland. 30 May 2000. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
    "All eyes are on Miller who proves different class against the Welsh". Herald Scotland. 1 June 2000. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 2017". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  19. ^ "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon 2018". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Billy Stark". www.scottishfa.co.uk. Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  21. ^ a b c "Scotland: Billy Stark 'steps down' as under-21 coach". BBC Sport. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  22. ^ a b "Football: Smith protects his youngsters". The Independent. 14 October 1998. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Bonhof for Scotland job". BBC Sport. 10 July 2002. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  24. ^ "Bonhof chose to leave Scots U-21s". BBC Sport. 26 November 2005. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  25. ^ "Malpas is the new Motherwell boss". BBC Sport. 17 May 2006. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  26. ^ "Knox lands Scotland under-21 role". BBC Sport. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  27. ^ "Malpas considering career change". BBC Sport. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  28. ^ "Danny Lennon in temporary charge of Scotland under-21s". BBC Sport. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  29. ^ "Ricky Sbragia is new Scotland Under-21 head coach". BBC Sport. 12 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  30. ^ a b c Samuel, Martin (28 March 2011). "England must take on clubs and ensure young Lions are in it to win it". Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  31. ^ Paul, Ian (20 January 1984). "Scotland to warm up against France". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  32. ^ Reynolds, Jim (6 February 1980). "Archibald is only over-age player in Stein's squad". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  33. ^ Traynor, Jim (7 March 1989). "Young ones take on French mantle". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  34. ^ "UEFA defends decision to keep over-age stars out of Olympics". The Argus Press. 3 February 1996. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  35. ^ @ScotlandNT (19 August 2019). "Scot Gemmill has announced his first #SCO21s squad of the new UEFA Under-21 EURO Qualification Campaign" (Tweet). Retrieved 19 August 2019 – via Twitter.
  36. ^ "Middlesborough left-back Patrick Reading named in Scotland U21 squad". BBC Sport. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.

External links[edit]