Seal of Minnesota

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Great Seal of the State of Minnesota
Seal of Minnesota.svg
Minnesota state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpg
Historical coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
ArmigerState of Minnesota
AdoptedMay 10, 1983[1]
MottoL'Étoile du Nord
(English: The Star of the North)
Earlier version(s)Seal of Minnesota (1858–1971).svg
UseFormer Minnesotan state seal, used from 1858 to 1971.

The Great Seal of the State of Minnesota is the state seal of the U.S. state of Minnesota. Originally adopted in 1858, it has undergone several alterations since then, in 1971 and 1983.[2]


The sun, visible on the western horizon, signifies summer in the northern hemisphere. The horizon's visibility signifies the flat plains covering much of Minnesota. The American Indian on horseback is riding towards the south and represents the American Indian heritage of Minnesota. The Indian's horse and spear and the Pioneer's ax, rifle, and plow represent tools that were used for hunting and labor. The stump symbolizes the importance of the lumber industry in Minnesota's history. The Mississippi River and St. Anthony Falls are depicted to note the importance of these resources in transportation and industry. The cultivated ground and the plow symbolize the importance of agriculture in Minnesota. Beyond the falls three pine trees represent the state tree and the three pine regions of Minnesota; the St. Croix, Mississippi, and Lake Superior.[3]

In the original version, the Indian is dressed in his war costumes while the farmer is in the field with his firearm. There seems to have been great tension between certain tribes of the Sioux and the settlers. "The Indian's Revenge[4]" by Alexander Berghold, writes about an outbreak of Indian attacks which started much as the scene in the original seal. The author makes the statement that after the attacks, settlers were allowed to kill any Sioux that was found in a settlement and that no settler left their home without their rifle. He goes on to say, "The seal of the State, therefore, seems very appropriate."

The first seal was adopted in 1858 and the attacks were in 1862.

Government Seals of Minnesota[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Office of the Revisor of Statutes (May 10, 1983). "1.135 STATE SEAL". Laws of Minnesota. State of Minnesota. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014. |chapter= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Minnesota Historical Society. "State Seal" (PDF). State of Minnesota. pp. 21–23. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 5, 2005. Retrieved September 5, 2005.
  3. ^ "Minnesota Statutes - 1.135 STATE SEAL". Office of the Revisor of Statutes. 1983. Archived from the original on June 9, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
  4. ^ Berghold, Alexander; Thomas, P. J. (1891-01-01). The Indians' revenge; or, Days of horror. Some appalling events in the history of the Sioux. San Francisco: P. J. Thomas.