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Cavalry in the streets of Paris during the French coup of 1851, whereby the democratically elected President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte seized dictatorial power. A year later he was crowned Emperor of the French.

A self-coup (or autocoup, from the Spanish autogolpe) is a form of putsch or coup d'état in which a nation's leader, despite having come to power through legal means, dissolves or renders powerless the national legislature and unlawfully assumes extraordinary powers not granted under normal circumstances. Other measures taken may include annulling the nation's constitution, suspending civil courts and having the head of government assume dictatorial powers.[1]

List of self-coups[edit]

Pre-World War I[edit]

World Wars[edit]

Cold War[edit]

Post-Cold War[edit]

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ An early reference to the term autogolpe may be found in Kaufman, Edy: Uruguay in Transition: From Civilian to Military Rule, Transaction, New Brunswick, 1979. It includes a definition of autogolpe and mentions that the word was "popularly" used in reference to events in Uruguay in 1972–1973. See Uruguay in Transition: From Civilian to Military Rule - Edy Kaufman at Google Books.
  2. ^ "Declaration of Martial Law". Official Gazette. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Venezuela Muzzles Legislature, Moving Closer to One-Man Rule". New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  4. ^ "Venezuela's high court dissolves National Assembly". CNN. CNN. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  5. ^ >"Boris Johnson defeated as MPs take control". BBC. BBC. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  6. ^ "'A very British coup': How Europe reacted to Boris Johnson suspending parliament in Brexit push". The Telegraph. The Telegraph. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  7. ^ "Brexit protesters outraged after Boris Johnson's 'very British coup' of UK Parliament". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  8. ^ "Brexit : le coup de force de Boris Johnson". Le Parisien. Le Parisien. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  9. ^ Reuters, Source: (2019-09-05). "Boris Johnson: 'I'd rather be dead than ask for Brexit delay' – video". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-09-08.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  10. ^ Jarvis, Jacob (11 September 2019). "Scottish Court declares Boris Johnson's prorogation of Parliament is 'unlawful' and 'improper attempt to stymie Parliament'". The Evening Standard.