Location of Sheohar district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Sheohar|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Sheohar|
|• Total||443.99 km2 (171.43 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||890|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||SH-54, NH-227, Ram - Janki Marg, Sheohar-Muzaffarpur Expressway|
|Average annual precipitation||1447 mm mm|
Sheohar is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India. The district headquarters are located at Sheohar, and the district is a part of Tirhut Division. This district was carved out of Sitamarhi district in 1994 due to the extreme efforts of Raghunath Jha, former Union Minister. Eminent Hindi Novelist, Dr. Bhagwati Sharan Mishra was the first District magistrate of Sheohar.
The district occupies an area of 443 km² and has a population of 656,246 (as of 2011). Sheohar is known for its greenery and cleanest. Cadamba and teak are the principle trees of this district. Nilgai or blue bull is the regional animal of this area.
This district has a mixed population of Hindus and Muslims. Agriculture is the main stay. It is one of the most flood affected districts in Bihar, due to over flooding of the Bagmati and Budhi Gandak rivers. Devkuli is a holy place popular for ancient temple of lord Shiva. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district of Bihar (out of 39), after Sheikhpura.
Sheohar district occupies an area of 349 square kilometres (135 sq mi). It is bordered by three districts from north and east Sitamarhi, from west East Champaran and from south Muzaffarpur.
The main occupation of the people of this district is agriculture. All types of crops are produced. Varieties of rice, wheat, and a number of rabbi crops are produced. In the town small shops of daily needs are there. Source of attraction for people of Sheohar are 'Cockcrow', Vikash Gym, V-Mart shopping centre situated opposite to the District Court. There are several private institutions like KNS School, Gyanlok School, HS Group of Institutions Sheohar. There are the public sector institutions like Angibhut Degree College, Government Polytechnic College, District Institute of Education and Training. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sheohar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Most improved district 2018-19: Sheohar
Sheohar is awarded most improved district of India in terms of per capita income. Mr. Ahmadullah a resident of this district claimed to the government of India for this award. This district is a smallest district of Bihar in terms of population and area, Sheohar is a mainly agricultural district, which is why even its industry is agro-based. A hub of trade and commerce, it exports oil seeds, jaggery, hides and vegetables. The district has more than 400 registered micro enterprises, 40 units manufacturing food products and 23 into textiles. In 2004-05, the district's per capita GDP was Rs 4,391, which rose to Rs 6,055 in 2011-12. Per capita bank credit in Sheohar was Rs 1,002 in 2007-08, which went up by more than four times to Rs 4,290 in 2016-17.
The district comprises only one sub-division, namely, Sheohar, which is further divided into five blocks: Sheohar, Tariyani, Piprahi, Dumri-katsari, Purnahiya.
Sheohar district lacks primary transport facilities, there are no railways in the district. However Bus, Auto and private jeep are the main medium of transportation and easily available.Only government bus services is provided by government.
According to the 2011 census Sheohar district has a population of 656,246, roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro or the US state of Vermont. This gives it a ranking of 511th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,882 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,870/sq mi). Fatimah Chak is a village known for its high literacy rate. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.32%. Sheohar has a sex ratio of 890 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72%.
Tourist Season - October to March Religious Festivals - Chhat, Durga Pooja, Eid, Holi, Diwali.Meny traditional culture are also follow in sheohar
- Thakur Jugal Kishore Sinha , Freedom Fighter, Member 1st Lok Sabha, popularly known as the father of Cooperative Movement
- Ram Dulari Sinha, Freedom Fighter, Former Union Minister & Governor
- Manis gupta, Former Union Minister, maker of Sheohar District
- Hari Kishore Singh, Former Ambassador of Syria
- Anwarul Haque, Former MP of Sheohar
- Sitaram Singh, Former MP of Sheohar
- Rama Devi, Current MP of Sheohar
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Montenegro 661,807 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901