|ep warwar anun dat|
|Native to||Papua New Guinea|
|Region||New Ireland Province|
|2,100 (2000 census)|
Siar, also known as Lak, Lamassa, or Likkilikki, is an Austronesian language spoken in New Ireland Province in the southern island point of Papua New Guinea. Lak is in the Patpatar-Tolai sub-group, which then falls under the New Ireland-Tolai group in the Western Oceanic language, a sub-group within the Austronesian family. The Siar people keep themselves sustained and nourished by fishing and gardening. The native people call their language ep warwar anun dat, which means «our language».
Siar-Lak contains fifteen consonants, and five vowels, which does not include the mid-high vowel pronunciations of /é/ and /ó/.
The vowel /ẹ/ can be thought to be pronounced in between the high vowel /I/ and the mid vowel /E/, as well as /ọ/ being in between the high vowel /U/ and the mid vowel /O/, according to the native people in Papua New Guinea. "ẹ" can be written as "é", and "ọ" can also be written as "ỏ". Knowing which vowel is used when writing is critical, as two words that are similar can have completely different meanings. For example, "rowoi" means to "carry in arms", while "rówói" means "to fly". Also, "toh" has a meaning of "to be able", while "tóh" means "sugarcane". 
Stress and Phonotactics
Stress is placed on the last syllable in each word. Examples of words broken down into syllables and translated include:
Siar Lak contains four different types of syllable patterns in their word vocabulary, which include V(vowel), VC(vowel consonant), CV(consonant vowel), and CVC(consonant vowel consonant). Some examples include:
|sanguli or i tik ep bónót||Ten|
|i tik ep bónót||Ten|
|i ru ru bónót||Twenty|
|i tól ep bónót||Thirty|
|i at ep bónót||Forty|
|i lim ep bónót||Fifty|
|i won ep bónót||Sixty|
|i is ep bónót||Seventy|
|i wol ep bónót||Eighty|
|i siwok ep bónót||Ninety|
|i tik ep mar||One Hundred|
Orthography is the way words are written, using the appropriate letters from a specific language, while following usage rules. If the consonant phoneme /φ/ is used at the beginning of a word, that word starts with an "f", but if it is found at the end of a word, it is then replaced with the letter "h". An example of this is "ep φun", which makes the phrase "ep fun", meaning "banana (plant)", but when it is found at the end of a word, as in "ep yaφ", it becomes "ep yah", meaning "fire".
|First (exclusive)||ya(u)/ a||mara(u)||mató~matól||mét|
Yau, a rak al an ka-sai an Kokopo.
1s 1s want 1s.POT at DIR-west at Kokopo
"As for me, I want to go to Kokopo."
Two types of verb phrases included Intransitive and Transitive verbs. An intransitive verb is used when there is no direct object, while a transitive verb is used when there is a direct object action taking place. An intransitive verb of eat, would be "angan", while a transitive verb for eat would be "yan".
- Siar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Siar-Lak". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Lean, G. A. (1991). Counting systems of Papua New Guinea: Volume 1: New Ireland Province (2nd ed., Vol. 1). Lae, Papua New Guinea: Department of Mathematics and Statistics Papua New Guinea University of Technology.
- Rowe, Karen. "SIAR-LAK GRAMMAR ESSENTIALS." SIAR-LAK GRAMMAR ESSENTIALS 50 (2005): n. pag. Summer Institute of Linguistics, 2005. Web. 12 Sept. 2016.
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