Sinjar Resistance Units
The Şengal Resistance Units (Kurdish: Yekîneyên Berxwedana Şengalê; YBŞ), formerly called King Peacock (Arabic: Malik Al-Tawus), is a Yazidi militia formed in Iraq in 2007 to protect the Yazidi community in Iraq in the wake of attacks by Iraqi insurgents. It is the second largest Yazidi militia, after the Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ). However, it is much more active than the HPŞ in fighting against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Together with its newly founded all-women offshoot, the Êzîdxan Women's Units (YJÊ), and the formerly Peshmerga-aligned HPŞ, in October 2015 it founded the all-Yazidi joint command umbrella structure Sinjar Alliance. YBŞ and YJÊ consider themselves under the umbrella of the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK) and are operating in concert with People's Defence Forces (HPG) of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). Shammar militias have also supported YBŞ.
The Sinjar Resistance Units took part in the August 2014 Northern Iraq offensive, killing at least 22 Islamic State fighters and destroying five armoured vehicles in the vicinity of the Sinjar Mountains.
Hundreds of Yazidis received training from People's Protection Units (YPG) instructors at the Serimli military base in Qamishli, Syria, before being sent back to the Mount Sinjar frontlines. These forces were re-branded as the "Sinjar Resistance Units".
There have been increased tensions between the YBŞ and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). KRG forces largely fled Mount Sinjar when the Islamic State first attacked, leaving many Yazidis resentful and distrustful.
In October 2015, the YBŞ participated in the foundation of the Sinjar Alliance as an all-Yazidi joint commando umbrella structure. Besides their all-women offshoot, the Êzîdxan Women's Units (YJÊ), the formerly Peshmerga-aligned Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ) and other independent Yazidi units committed to the united Yazidi front.
- December 2014 Sinjar offensive
- List of armed groups in the Iraqi Civil War
- Genocide of Yazidis by ISIL
- "Yazidi militia claims to have killed at least 22 Islamic State militants". Haaretz. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
Malik al-Tawus is a self-defense group, believed to have been set up in 2007 to protect the Yazidi community in Iraq against attacks by radical Islamists.
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'We have formed a troop of the brave and faithful from the Yazidi clan called the Malik Al-Tawus [King Peacock] troop'
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