Sir John Key, 1st Baronet

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Sir John Key, 1st Baronet (16 August 1794 – 14 July 1858)[1] was a wholesale stationer and Whig[2] politician in England.

He was elected Sheriff of the City of London in 1824 and Lord Mayor of London for two years, from 1830 to 1832.[3]

He was elected at the 1832 general election as a Member of Parliament (MP) for the City of London,[4] but resigned his seat on 12 August 1833 by taking the Chiltern Hundreds. During his parliamentary career he supported the abolition of slavery, the repeal of part of the assessed taxes, abrogation of the Corn Laws, the adoption of triennial parliaments and the vote by ballot.

He was made a baronet in 1831, of Thornbury and Denmark Hill.[5] In 1853 he ran for election to the office of Chamberlain of the City of London, emerging victorious after a closely fought contest with the young liveryman Benjamin Scott. He died in the office of Chamberlain, and Scott was elected unopposed in his stead.

He died at his home in Streatham on 14 July 1858 and was buried at West Norwood Cemetery.[6]

John Key married Charlotte Green on 17 Aug 1814. They had five children:

  1. Kingsmill Grove (born 7 May 1815)
  2. Thomas Kelly (10 July 1819)
  3. Elizabeth Susan (13 March 1821)
  4. Lucy Wilson (18 November 1822)
  5. Charlotte Marian (7 May 1826)

Lucy Wilson Key married George Parbury (his second wife) on 22 March 1849 at St Mary, Thornbury in Gloucestershire.


  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)
  2. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 211. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  3. ^ "Lord Mayors of The City of London From 1189" (PDF). City of London Corporation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  4. ^ "No. 19004". The London Gazette. 14 December 1832. p. 2728.
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's list of baronets – Baronetcies beginning with "K"
  6. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Key, Sir John, first baronet (1794–1858). Retrieved 4 July 2012

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Venables
Robert Waithman
William Thompson
Sir Matthew Wood
Member of Parliament for the City of London
1832August 1833
With: Sir Matthew Wood 1817–43
Robert Waithman to March 1833
George Grote 1832–41
George Lyall from March 1833
Succeeded by
William Crawford
George Lyall
Sir Matthew Wood
George Grote
Civic offices
Preceded by
John Crowder
Lord Mayor of London
Succeeded by
Sir Peter Laurie
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Thornbury and Denmark Hill)
Succeeded by
Kingsmill Grove Key