Smiths Falls

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Smiths Falls
Town of Smiths Falls
Skyline of Smiths Falls
Motto(s): 
Rise at the Falls
Smiths Falls is located in Southern Ontario
Smiths Falls
Smiths Falls
Coordinates: 44°54′N 76°01′W / 44.900°N 76.017°W / 44.900; -76.017Coordinates: 44°54′N 76°01′W / 44.900°N 76.017°W / 44.900; -76.017
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyLanark
Incorporated1854 (as village)
Government
 • MayorShawn Pankow[1]
 • Federal ridingLanark—Frontenac—Kingston
 • Prov. ridingLanark—Frontenac—Kingston
Area
 • Land9.66 km2 (3.73 sq mi)
Population
 • Total8,780
 • Density909.1/km2 (2,355/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code FSA
K7A
Area code613
Websitewww.smithsfalls.ca
Smiths Falls within Lanark County

Smiths Falls is a town in Eastern Ontario, Canada, with a population of 8,978 according to the 2011 census. It is in the Census division for Lanark County, but is separated from the county. The Rideau Canal waterway passes through the town, with four separate locks in three locations and a combined lift of over 15 metres (50 ft).

The town's name was sometimes alternatively spelled "Smith's Falls" or "Smith Falls", but "Smiths Falls" is now considered correct.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The town is named after Thomas Smyth, a United Empire Loyalist who in 1786 was granted 400 acres (1.6 km2) in what is present-day Smiths Falls. The Heritage House Museum (c. 1862), also known as the Ward House, was designated under the Ontario Heritage Act in 1977.[3]

Building of the Rideau Canal[edit]

Rideau River in Smiths Falls

At the time of construction of the Rideau Canal a small settlement had been established around a mill operated by Abel Russell Ward, who had bought Smyth's land. Colonel By ordered the removal of Ward's mill to make way for the canal. He settled with Ward for £1,500, one of the largest claims made by mill owners on the canal.

The disruption of industry caused by the building of the canal was only temporary, and Smiths Falls grew rapidly following construction. An article in Smith's Gazetteer in 1846 described the town as a "flourishing little village pleasantly situated on the Rideau River and on the Canal, fourteen miles (23 km) from Perth. It contains about 700 inhabitants. There are fifty dwellings, two grist mills (one with four run of stones), two sawmills, one carding and fulling mill, seven stores, six groceries, one axe factory, six blacksmiths, two wheelwrights, one cabinet maker, one chair-maker, three carpenters, one gunsmith, eleven shoemakers, seven tailors, one tinsmith and two taverns."

A 36-foot (11 m) drop in less than a quarter of a mile posed an obstacle to navigation at Smiths Falls. A natural depression to the south of the river was used to create a flight of three locks, known as Combined Lockstation today. The natural course of the river was dammed to create a basin upstream of the locks. At the upper end of the basin a fourth (detached) lock was constructed.

A mile below the Combined Lockstation is a flight of two locks called the Old Slys Lockstation. This station is named for the original settler at this location, William Sly. A dam and waste weir control water levels upstream of the locks.

Defensible lockmasters' houses were built at all three stations in Smiths Falls. The house at Old Slys was built in 1838 and the houses at Combined and Detached around 1842. Only the house at Combined has a second storey, which was added late in the 19th century. The defensible lockmaster's house at Detached Lockstation was torn down in 1894.

Entry of the railways[edit]

In the 1850s the major railway companies were looking to build main trunk lines linking Toronto, Kingston and Montreal. The two major companies at the time, the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Grand Trunk Railway, were competing for the easiest routes to lay track. At one point a fledgling third national railway, the Canadian Northern Railway (CNoR), was also trying to squeeze itself into the busy Montréal-Ottawa-Toronto corridor.

For a number of geographical reasons, and also due to the proximity of the Rideau Canal, the town of Smiths Falls became a major focal point for both the CPR and the CNoR. Each used a mix of existing regional rail lines and new construction to build their networks. CP purchased the 1859-era Brockville and Ottawa Railway, a line from Brockville-Smiths Falls-Sand Point/Arnprior with a branch Smiths Falls-Perth (the latter joining CP's Ontario and Quebec Railway line to Toronto). CNoR built a 1914-era main line from Ottawa-Smiths Falls-Sydenham (to join an existing Bay of Quinte Railway line extending westward via Napanee-Deseronto[4]). By 1887, the CPR had extended its Toronto-Smiths Falls mainline to reach Montréal; in 1924, 1600 CPR workers were employed in Smiths Falls.[5]

This gave the town direct rail lines in half a dozen directions (towards Toronto, Ottawa, Montréal, Brockville, Napanee and Arnprior) on two different rail companies.

During World War II, Axis prisoners of war (POWs) were transported to Canadian POW camps via the railway. It was near Smiths Falls that German soldier Oberleutnant Franz von Werra jumped from a POW train and escaped to the United States, eventually reaching his homeland.[6] Von Werra was, reputedly, the only escaped Axis POW to successfully return home during the war and his story was told in the book and film entitled The One That Got Away.[7] The North American première of the film occurred on Thursday, 6 March 1958 at the Soper Theatre in Smiths Falls.[8]

Both the Canadian Pacific and the Canadian Northern (later part of Canadian National) had established stations in the town, however, with the creation of Via Rail, the CN station was abandoned and all passenger traffic routed though the CPR station until a new Smiths Falls railway station opened in 2010. The CN station has been renovated and is now home to the Railway Museum of Eastern Ontario. The railway station, along with the nearby railway bascule bridge, comprise the town's two National Historic Sites of Canada.[9][10] The Cataraqui Trail now follows the former CN railbed southwest from Smiths Falls, starting from a parking lot at the end of Ferrara Drive.

Local government[edit]

The town's council includes a mayor and six councillors elected on the basis of one per ward. The members of council elected as of the 2018 municipal election are:[11]

Mayor: Shawn Pankow

Councillors:

  • Peter Mckenna
  • Christopher McGuire
  • Niki Dwyer
  • Lorraine Allen
  • Wendy Alford
  • Jay Brennan

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1871 1,150—    
1881 2,087+81.5%
1891 3,864+85.1%
1901 5,155+33.4%
1911 6,370+23.6%
1921 6,790+6.6%
1931 7,108+4.7%
1941 7,088−0.3%
1951 8,441+19.1%
1961 9,603+13.8%
1971 9,585−0.2%
1981 8,831−7.9%
1991 9,396+6.4%
2001 9,140−2.7%
2006 8,777−4.0%
2011 8,978+2.3%
2016 8,780−2.2%
[12][13][2]
2006 population adjusted to 2011 boundaries is 9,163
Canada census – Smiths Falls community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 8,780 (-2.2% from 2011) 8,978 (+2.0% from 2006) 8,777 – see notes (-4.0% from 2001)
Land area: 9.66 km2 (3.73 sq mi) 9.61 km2 (3.71 sq mi) 8.20 km2 (3.17 sq mi)
Population density: 909.1/km2 (2,355/sq mi) 934.6/km2 (2,421/sq mi) 1,070.7/km2 (2,773/sq mi)
Median age: 48.1 (M: 45.9, F: 49.8) 42.9 (M: 41.0, F: 44.8)
Total private dwellings: 4,387 4,383 4,106
Median household income: $42,446
Notes: 2006 population adjusted to 2011 boundaries is 9,163. – References: 2016[14] 2011[15] 2006[16] earlier[17]

Language data (2016 Census)[edit]

Language Mother tongue Most spoken language at home Knowledge of official languages
English 8,035 (94.03%) 8,390 (98.01%) 7,830 (90.94%)
French 260 (3.04%) 55 (0.64%) 5 (0.06%)
Non-official language 250 (2.93%) 120 (1.40%) 760 (8.82%)
Neither English nor French 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 5 (0.17%)

Economy[edit]

The town is on the Rideau Canal system for recreational boating, and is served by the Smiths Falls-Montague Airport for general aviation. It is also a major railway junction point, and its station receives regular passenger service to Ottawa and Toronto from Via Rail.

Several manufacturers were based in Smiths Falls, perhaps the best-known being the Canadian operation of The Hershey Company (opened in 1963) which closed in December 2008.[18] Hershey announced they would instead open a factory in Mexico where they could obtain cheaper labour. In late 2006, the plant was temporarily closed due to a case of possible salmonella contamination.[19][20] Other former large manufacturers include RCA Victor (closed circa 1980), Frost and Wood / Cockshutt and Stanley Tools (2008). The closure of the Rideau Regional hospital site in March 2009 resulted in a further loss of jobs from the community. However, the 350 acre site was purchased by a local developer and re-named the Gallipeau Centre. It is a mixed use property with residential and recreational uses including condominiums, a recreational facility, swimming pool and theatre[21]. In 2014, the former Hershey facility was purchased by medical marijuana company Tweed Marijuana Inc,[22] now known as publicly traded company Canopy Growth Corporation (TSE:WEED). The town has been cited as the "Pot Capital of Canada".[23] Over 750 jobs have been created by Canopy Growth which has revitalized the town's economy after the departure of the Hershey factory and the closure of Rideau Regional Centre.[24]. Investment by Constellation Brands of $5B in Canopy Growth Corporation has helped further secure the positive economic potential for Smiths Falls. The company is continuing to grow and expand, creating new local jobs.[25] Canopy has purchased the site of the closed Shorewood Packaging building to construct a facility for bottling cannabis infused beverages.[26] There has been significant growth in construction in the community.[27]. In addition, a local golf course located just outside of Smiths Falls (formerly the Lombardy Glen Golf Course) is in the process of being purchased and will be a cannabis friendly course. [28].

The Ontario Provincial Police Eastern Region Communications Center is located out side Smiths Falls. Its communications operators answer emergency 9-1-1 and administrative phone lines, dispatching Smiths Falls Police Service note: The town is not policed by the OPP.

Sports and recreation[edit]

In 1906, a hockey team from Smiths Falls launched an unsuccessful challenge to win the Stanley Cup.[29] Smiths Falls was home to a professional baseball team, the Smiths Falls Beavers, for one season in 1937. The team was a part of the Canadian–American League.

The town is currently home to the Junior A hockey team Smiths Falls Bears, who play in the Central Canada Hockey League. Smiths Falls is also home to the Settlers organization which is a member of the Canadian Premier Junior Hockey League (CPJHL), which operates throughout Ontario and Western Quebec.

There are many opportunities for minor and adult league sports including baseball, volleyball, basketball, soccer, ball hockey and hockey.

The Rideau Trail passes through Smiths Falls.

Education[edit]

Public education in the town is managed by the Upper Canada District School Board, while Catholic education is under the care of the Catholic District School Board of Eastern Ontario. Each operates several elementary schools and one secondary school as listed below. Students who reside in the Smiths Falls area and wish to attend Catholic high school are bussed to Perth to St. John’s Catholic High School.

Catholic schools[edit]

  • St. Francis de Sales Catholic Elementary School (French Immersion offered)
  • St. Luke's Catholic High School (alternative school)

Public schools[edit]

  • Duncan J. Schoular Public School
  • Chimo Elementary School
  • Smiths Falls District Collegiate Institute

Notable people[edit]

Elmcroft, the house Francis T. Frost built in Smiths Falls in 1895
  • Oliver R. Avison, doctor, pharmacist and missionary; creator of Severance Hospital (first hospital in Korea) and Severance Union Medical College; considered the founder of modern medical knowledge in Korea[30]
  • Dr. Margaret O'Hara, Indian Missionary[citation needed]
  • Francis Theodore Frost, businessman and politician
  • Terry Carkner, former NHL player
  • Brooke Henderson, professional golfer and former world number one ranked female amateur at age 16; won the 2016 LPGA Championship at age 18;[31] first Canadian in 45 years to win the Canadian CP Women's Open title[32], and has won more tournaments than any professional Canadian golfer.[33]
  • Todd Lynn, world renowned fashion designer who has designed clothing for celebrities such as Mick Jagger,Bono and Marilyn Manson, [34][35]
  • Gary McAdam, former NHL player
  • Don McKenney, former NHL player

Hospitals[edit]

General hospital facilities and services are provided by the Perth and Smiths Falls District Hospital, with a site on Cornelia Street. Also located in Smiths Falls was the Rideau Regional Centre, which provided a residential program for mentally challenged and disabled persons from 1951 until its closure in March 2009.[36]

Local media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • The Record-News – weekly newspaper

Digital local news:

  • Record News – insideottawavalley.com
  • Hometown News – hometownnews.ca

Radio stations[edit]

Nearest cities[edit]

  • Ottawa – about 75 kilometres (47 mi) north-east
  • Brockville – about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south-east
  • Kingston – about 95 kilometres (59 mi) south-west
Neighbouring municipalities

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town of Smith Falls Official Election Results 2018" (PDF). Town of Smith Falls. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  2. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Smiths Falls, Town". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  3. ^ Heritage House Museum. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  4. ^ "Smiths Falls comes of age - Smiths Falls Railway History Project". Web.archive.org. 30 January 2013. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  5. ^ "The Railway Metropolis of the Ottawa Valley - Smiths Falls Railway History Project". Web.archive.org. 30 January 2013. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Barron Von Werra Begins Tour of "Sights" After Arrival in New York City -- January 27, 1941". Animatedsoftware.com. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  7. ^ Phillips, Douglas G. "Franz von Werra - The One That Got Away". Archived from the original on 26 May 2003. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  8. ^ "The One That Got Away". Plane-crazy.net. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  9. ^ Smiths Falls Railway Station (Canadian Northern). Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  10. ^ Smiths Falls Bascule Bridge. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  11. ^ "Town of Smiths Falls Official Election Results" (PDF). Town of Smiths Falls. October 23, 2018. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  12. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  13. ^ "Smiths Falls census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  14. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  15. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  16. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  17. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  18. ^ "CBC.ca: Hershey confirms Smiths Falls plant will close".
  19. ^ Wilcox, Don (February 16, 2007). "Smiths Falls' biggest employer doomed". The Ottawa Sun. Archived from the original on February 18, 2007. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  20. ^ [1] Archived February 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Gallipeau Centre". Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  22. ^ "When Cannabis Goes Corporate". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  23. ^ Alexander, Doug (December 29, 2017). "This Little Canadian Town Has Become the Nation's Pot Capital". Bloomberg. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  24. ^ Bagnall, James (September 21, 2018). "The day Smiths Falls' luck finally turned: The story of a marijuana boom town". The Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  25. ^ "Constellation Brands invests $5B in Canopy Growth". CBC News. August 15, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  26. ^ Harford, Evelyn (March 27, 2019). "What's going on here? Tweed constructs bottling plant in Smiths Falls to manufacture cannabis-infused beverages". InsideOttawaValley.com. Smiths Falls Record News. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  27. ^ Harford, Evelyn (March 19, 2019). "'A busy year': Construction value in Smiths Falls up 442%". InsideOttawaValley.com. Smiths Falls Record News. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  28. ^ "Rolling Greens Golf Club". Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  29. ^ "NHL.com – The Stanley Cup". Nhl.com. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  30. ^ Douglas G. Phillips. "Avison of Korea". Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-08-31.
  31. ^ "Brooke Henderson wins women's PGA Championship in a playoff : 1st Canadian woman to win a major since 1968". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  32. ^ Strong, Gregory (26 August 2018). "Brooke Henderson becomes 1st Canadian woman in 45 years to win national golf title". CBC Sports. The Canadian Press. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  33. ^ "Brooke Henderson becomes winningest pro golfer in Canadian history". CBC News. June 16, 2019. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  34. ^ "Todd Lynn: Tailor-made rock'n'roll". Independent.co.uk. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  35. ^ "Todd Lynn's collection rocks the high street". Scotsman.com. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  36. ^ "Cases Archive - Koskie Minsky LLP". Koskie Minsky LLP. Retrieved 21 October 2017.

External links[edit]