This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Smoky shrew range|
This species has two recognized subspecies:
- Sorex fumeus fumeus
- Sorex fumeus umbrosus
The smoky shrew is active year-round. It is dull grey in colour with lighter underparts and a long tail which is brown on top and yellowish underneath. During winter, its fur is grey. Its body is about 11 centimetres (4.3 in) in length including a 4 centimetres (1.6 in) long tail and it weighs about 5 grams (0.18 oz).
Habitat and ecology
This animal is found near streams in cool damp deciduous and mixed woods. It makes extensive, solitary, burrows in the leaf litter on the forest floor or builds globular nests 10–15 centimetres (3.9–5.9 in) of plant materials under rocks. The smoky shrew rarely digs tunnels, instead it uses tunnels created by moles or other shrews. Its diet consists mainly of beetles, however other insects, earthworms, snails, small rodents and other soil dwelling invertebrates are also taken. It also consumes plant material to supplement its diet. Predators include owls, snakes, foxes, weasels, and mustelids.
Smoky shrews start mating in late March, and females give birth to their first litters in April or May, about 20 days after mating. They mate again as soon as the first litter is born, and they may have 2 more litters, each about a month apart, if the female lives long enough. Each litter has 2 to 8 pups, usually 6. In one month, the offspring weigh around 4 grams which is half of the adult weight. Male smoky shrews don't take care of their offspring, only the female does. Females make nests in leaf litter where they give birth. The offspring are blind, helpless, and have no fur. Females nurse and protect their offspring for a short time (less than 20 days).
No information exists about the social organization of the smoky shrew. Some field biologists, noting the abundance of the species in some areas and its absence in others, have suggested the smoky shrew is colonial. However, their data remain inconclusive, and may reflect a tendency for smoky shrews to achieve dense populations within pockets of suitable habitat instead on exhibiting a complex social structure
Smoky shrews are quite vocal although the form and function of the vocal repertoire are not well known. Individuals "twitter" while foraging, and give high-pitched grating noises when alarmed.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sorex fumeus.|
|Wikispecies has information related to Sorex fumeus|
- Hutterer, R. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Hammerson, G.; Master, L. & Norris, S.J. (2008). "Sorex fumeus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- Whitaker, John (2010). Mammals of Indiana. 601 North Morton Street, Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. pp. 68 & 69. ISBN 978-0-253-22213-8.
- "Smoky Shrew (Sorex Fumeus Miller)." Smoky Shrew. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2015.
- Hamilton, W. J. Jr. "The Biology of the Smoky Shrew (Sorex Fumeus Fumeus Miller)". Cite journal requires
- Owen, J. G. "Sorex Fumeus". Mammalian Species. 215: 1–8.
- Kurta, A. (May 1997). "Mammals of the Great Lakes Region". Journal of Mammalogy. 78 (2): 696–698. doi:10.2307/1382923. JSTOR 1382923.
|This article about a red-toothed shrew is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|