South Dumdum

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South Dumdum
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
South Dumdum is located in Kolkata
South Dumdum
South Dumdum
Location in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
South Dumdum is located in West Bengal
South Dumdum
South Dumdum
South Dumdum (West Bengal)
South Dumdum is located in India
South Dumdum
South Dumdum
South Dumdum (India)
Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°24′E / 22.61°N 88.40°E / 22.61; 88.40Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°24′E / 22.61°N 88.40°E / 22.61; 88.40
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Metro StationDum Dum and Dum Dum Cantonment(under construction)
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodySouth Dumdum Municipality
 • ChairmanPachu Roy [1]
 • Vice-ChairmanSujit Bose [2]
Area
 • Total13.54 km2 (5.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total403,316
 • Density30,000/km2 (77,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700028, 700030, 700048, 700055, 700065, 700074, 700077, 700089
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum, Barasat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDum Dum, Bidhannagar, Rajarhat Gopalpur
Websitesddm.ind.in

South Dumdum is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).

History[edit]

Clive House at Rastraguru Avenue in Nagerbazar is mired in controversy. It is thought of as the first pucca brick and cement building in the north Kolkata area, possibly built by the Portuguese. Now, some people are saying that it was the hunting lodge of an Indian prince or noble man (and so where was the jungle?) What is definitely known is that it was used by British soldiers when they first started coming into the country and then Robert Clive took it over, renovated it, added a floor to the single-storeyed building and made it his country house (some people refer to it as his residence, which appears doubtful) around 1757-60. The house is located on a raised ground. In the otherwise flat surroundings it is even thought of as a mound or a hill. The more interesting part of the story is that "on excavation of Clive House, coins, terracotta figures, sculpture, potteries etc. and information of a Portuguese Fort were found." The articles found could be of the Sen period but some people think that it could have links with the 2,000 years/ more older civilisation unearthed earlier at Chandraketugarh. Clive House is under the Archaeological Survey of India since 2004, but squatters inside and outside Clive House have hindered restoration work.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

South Dumdum municipality was established in 1870.[9]

With the partition of Bengal in 1947, "millions of refugees poured in from erstwhile East Pakistan."[10] In the initial stages bulk of the refugees were non-agriculturists. A few of them made their own arrangements, but "it was squatters who made the East Bengali refugees famous or infamous." Squatting (jabardakhal in Bengali) ranged from the forcible occupation of barracks to the collective take-over of private, government and waste land. By 1949, there were 65 refugee colonies in the Dum Dum and Panihati zone. The squatters were in a way "self-settlers" in the absence of adequate official arrangements for rehabilitation. Within a very short time the refugees (quite often with government/ administrative support) not only found a place to stay but developed a society with markets, schools, temples and sometimes even colleges, hospitals and recreational centres.[11][12]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

South Dumdum is located at 22°37′N 88°24′E / 22.61°N 88.40°E / 22.61; 88.40.[13]

South Dumdum is bounded by North Dumdum (municipality) and Dum Dum (municipality) on the north, Baguiati on the east, Bidhannagar on the south, and Belgachia and Sinthee in Kolkata district and Baranagar (municipality) on the west.[14][15]

South Dum Dum consists of localities such as Nagerbazar, Amarpally, Motijheel, Subhas Nagar, Bediapara, Jheelbagan, Jawpore, Ghughudanga, Purba Sinthee, Seth Bagan, Kalindi, Lake Town, Bangur Avenue, Shyamnagar, Satgachhi, Patipukur, Dakshindari, Dum Dum Park etc.

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[16] For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police station[edit]

Dum Dum police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Dum Dum and South Dumdum municipal areas.[17][18]

Post Offices[edit]

South Dum Dum is a vast locality with many Postal Index Numbers:

Motijheel has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700074 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Dum Dum Road and Jawpore.[19]

Sethbagan has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700030 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Purba Sinthee and Ghughudanga.[20]

Subhas Nagar has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700065 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post office with the same PIN is Health Institute.[21]

<maplink>: The JSON content is not valid GeoJSON+simplestyle
Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Bediapara has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700077 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region.[22]

Nagerbazar has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700028 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. Other post office with the same PIN is Jugipara Satgachhi.[23]

Bangur Avenue has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700055 in the Kolkata East Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Dum Dum Park and Shyamnagar.[24]

Lake Town has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700089 in the Kolkata East Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post office with the same PIN is Kalindi Housing Estate.[25]

Patipukur has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700048 in the Kolkata East Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Sreebhumi and Sadhana Ausudhalaya Road (Dakshindari).[26]

Demographics[edit]

Population of South Dumdum 
CensusPop.
190110,904
191112,87418.1%
192114,0309.0%
193118,47131.7%
194125,83839.9%
195161,391137.6%
1961111,28481.3%
1971174,34256.7%
1981230,26632.1%
1991232,8111.1%
2001392,44468.6%
2011403,3162.8%
Source:[27]


Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India, South Dum Dum had a total population of 403,316, of which 202,214 (50%) were males and 201,102 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 28,703. The total number of literates in South Dum Dum was 344,971 (92.09% of the population over 6 years).[28]

As of 2001 India census,[29] South Dumdum had a population of 392,150. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. South Dumdum has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 80%. In South Dumdum, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration[edit]

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[30]

Infrastructure[edit]

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, South Dumdum municipal city covered an area of 9.23 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 7,940 km of roads and both open and covered drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 438 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 149 primary schools, 1 middle school, 41 secondary schools and 38 senior secondary schools. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 orphanage home, 1 old age home, 1 stadium, 4 cinema/theatres, 3 auditorium/ community halls, 1 public library and 1 reading room. It had 12 bank branches.[31]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

Economy[edit]

KMDA[edit]

South Dumdum municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[32][33]

Transport[edit]

NH 12 (previously NH 34), running from Dalkhola to Bakkhali, locally popular as Jessore Road, passes through South Dum Dum.[34][15] In 2012, a flyover was opened from Amarpally to Nagerbazar to decongest the heavy traffic on Jessore Road for Dum Dum Airport bound traffic.[35]

Buses ply both arterial roads: the Jessore Road and the Dum Dum Road. On Dum Dum Road the bus routes are 30B, 30B/1, 202, 219/1, DN9/1, Howrah-Nagerbazar Mini, Dankuni-Nagerbazar WBSTC, Rajchandrapur-Salt Lake white bus, S10 etc. On Jessore road there are more routes: 3C/1, 3C/2, 30C, 30D, 47B, 79B, 91, 91A, 93, 211A, 215/1, 219, 221, 223, 227, DN8, DN18, KB16, Esplanade-Central Jail Mini, Bagbazar-Birohi, R.G.Kar-Barasat etc. The minor road on which buses ply is Lake Town road (30C, 47B, 215/1, 221, 223, DN8).

Dum Dum Junction railway station, on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line, is 7 km from Sealdah railway station.[36][15] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. Two lines branch out after Dum Dum Junction railway station – the Calcutta Chord line linking Dum Dum Junction railway station with Dankuni Junction railway station[37] and the Sealdah-Bangaon line.[38]

The first track of Kolkata Metro, the first underground metro in India, was constructed from Dum Dum to Tollyganj. It was progressively commissioned, the full length of 16.45 km being commissioned in 1995.[39] The Dum Dum metro station is located adjacent to Dum Dum Junction railway station. The extension of metro from Dum Dum to Dakshineswar was sanctioned in 2010-11. It was extended up to Noapara in 2013. The subsequent work was held up because of the encroachments on railway land. The state government has taken steps to remove the encroachment and work is expected to make progress.[40][41][42][43]

Travel within South Dum Dum and Dum Dum[edit]

There are a plenty of blue-yellow private buses, mini-buses and taxis, as well as a few WBTC buses in South Dum Dum. Autos are plentiful and can be used for short stretches. Nagerbazar is the hub of autos where there are 4 routes originates viz: 1) Nagerbazar - Dum Dum Junction, 2) Nagerbazar - Dum Dum Cantt, 3) Nagerbazar - Airport 1 no. gate, 4) Nagerbazar - Laketown.

In addition, there are taxis: Nagerbazar has a large taxi stand. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw, newly battery operated rickshaws (locally called Totos) can also be seen.

Travel within South Dum Dum and North Dum Dum[edit]

Education[edit]

The following institutions are located in South Dum Dum:

  • Dum Dum Motijheel College was established at Dum Dum in 1950. The college runs in two shifts. The women's section has classes in the morning and the coeducational section has classes during the day. Both the sections offers various subjects. The college has a post graduate unit in M.Sc. mathematics and M.A. English. It offers a vocational course in instrumentation.[44][45]
  • Dum Dum Motijheel Rabindra Mahavidyalaya was established at Dum Dum in 1968.It was started as an evening college in commerce, became a day college in commerce in 1974 and finally a general day college, with arts, science, and commerce courses, in 2004. It offers B.Com (Hons) in marketing, geography honours in B.Sc. and Journalism honours in B.A.[46][47]
  • Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College, established by the JIS Educational Initiatives at Dum Dum in 2009 offers degree, diploma and post graduate courses in engineering. It is affiliated to Makaut University[48]
  • Dum Dum Krishna Kumar Hindu Academy, at Motijheel Avenue, Amarpalli, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has arrangements for teaching from Classes VI – XII. It was established in 1933.[49][50]
  • Dum Dum Kishore Bharati High School, Motijheel Avenue, in Ward No. 9, South Dum Dum Municipality, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has arrangements for teaching from Classes VI – XII. It was established in 1965.[51][52]
  • Krishnapur Adarsha Vidyamandir, at Dum Dum Park, in Ward No. 28, is a boys only Bengali-medium higher secondary school. It has facilities for teaching in Classes VI to XII. It was established in 1954.[53][54] About 3000 students studies in this school and popular as one of the best school in the State. The school is fully controlled under cctv surveillance.
  • Dum Dum Prachya Banimandir for Boys and Dum Dum Prachya Banimandir for Girls at Seth Bagan. Schools are different for both genders and is a higher secondary school.[55]
  • Dum Dum Sri Aurabinda Vidyamandir in Khudiram Colony is a co-educational higher secondary school.[56]
  • Sahid Rameswar Vidyamandir, Jessore Road, Amarpalli, is a co-educational, higher secondary school.[57]
  • Seth Bagan Adarsha Vidyamandir is a co-educational, higher secondary school.[58]
  • Christ Church Girls High School, Jessore Road, is a Bengali-medium, girls only school preparing students for madhyamik and higher secondary examination of the West Bengal boards. Established in 1882, it has arrangements for teaching from Infant to Class XII. Admission for Primary section starts around December. It has hostel facilities.[59][60]
  • St. Mary's Orphanage & Day School, Kolkata, was initially set up by Christian Brothers from Ireland at Murgighata in Calcutta in 1848 and shifted to Dum Dum Road in 1947. It is a boys only institution and prepares students for the ICSE and ISC examinations.[61][62]
  • Howard Memorial English School, in Debinibas Road, is an English-medium co-educational school leading to ICSE Board examinations. It was established in 1963.[63]
  • Ramakrishna Sarada Mission Vivekananda Vidyabhavan was established by Ramakrishna Sarada Mission at Dum Dum in 1961. It is a partly residential college for women. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, education, history, philosophy, political science, economics, sociology, journalism & mass communication, economics and geography.[64][65]
  • Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship, was established at Dum Dum in 1893. It offers courses in painting, applied arts, sculpture and graphics. It is affiliated with Rabindra Bharati University.
  • Dum Dum Motijheel Girls' High School, at Dum Dum Road, is a girls’ only high school, under WB board, providing higher secondary education.[66][67]

Healthcare[edit]

South Dumdum Maternity Home functions with 15 beds.[68]

ILS Hospital, near Nagerbazar Flyover, is a 120-bed multi-speciality hospital. It offers 14 surgical facilities and 2 speciality clinics – bariatric (weight-loss) and diabetic.[69][70]

A new municipality hospital is under construction, located on Jessore Road, near Shyamnagar Bus stop. Though the work is halted for many years due to some issues.

Market and Entertainment[edit]

Major markets in South Dumdum are-

  • Nagerbazar market
  • Dumdum station market
  • Dumdum Road market
  • Patipukur Fish market
  • Kalindi, Laketown market
  • Gorabazar market
  • Dumdum Park market
  • Diamond Plaza mall

Entertainment areas like-

  • Diamond Plaza mall
  • Indira Maidan
  • Rabindra Bhawan

References[edit]

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