Soyuz 15

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Soyuz 15
COSPAR ID1974-067A
SATCAT no.7421
Mission duration2 days, 12 minutes, 11 seconds
Orbits completed32
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz 7K-T/A9
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass6,760 kilograms (14,900 lb)
Crew
Crew size2
MembersGennadi Sarafanov
Lev Dyomin
CallsignДунай (Dunay - "Danube")
Start of mission
Launch dateAugust 26, 1974, 19:58:05 (1974-08-26UTC19:58:05Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5[1]
End of mission
Landing dateAugust 28, 1974, 20:10:16 (1974-08-28UTC20:10:17Z) UTC
Landing site48 kilometres (30 mi) SW of Tselinograd
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude173 kilometres (107 mi)
Apogee altitude236 kilometres (147 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period88.5 minutes
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
 

Soyuz 15 (Russian: Союз 15, Union 15) was a 1974 manned space flight which was to have been the second mission to the Soviet Union's Salyut 3 space station with presumably military objectives.[2]

Launched 26 August 1974, the Soyuz spacecraft arrived at the station, but cosmonauts Lev Dyomin and Gennadi Sarafanov were unable to dock because the electronics in the Igla docking system malfunctioned. Without sufficient fuel for prolonged attempts at manual docking, the mission had to be abandoned. The cosmonauts powered down all nonessential systems in the Soyuz and waited until the next day for reentry.[3] The crew landed 28 August. Analysis of the launch window was cited by observers for concluding a flight of 19 to 29 days had been planned.[3]

In the event of the failure, official TASS statements merely claimed that the mission was intended to practice docking maneuvers with the Salyut 3 station.[2] They also said that a new automatic docking system was tested which would be used on future Progress transport craft.[3]

The failed mission exposed a number of serious design flaws in the Soyuz 7K-T spacecraft, namely its lack of reserve propellant and electrical power for repeated docking attempts. In addition, the Igla docking system was found to be in major need of improvement. Since it was impossible to carry out these changes before Salyut 3 finished its operating lifespan, they had to wait for future space stations. The backup spacecraft for the Soyuz 15 mission was placed in storage and later flown as Soyuz 20 despite being past its intended shelf life.

Crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Gennadi Sarafanov
Only spaceflight
Flight Engineer Lev Dyomin
Only spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Boris Volynov
Flight Engineer Vitaly Zholobov

Reserve crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Vyacheslav Zudov
Flight Engineer Valery Rozhdestvensky

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass: 6,760 kg (14,900 lb)
  • Perigee: 173 km (107 mi)
  • Apogee: 236 km (147 mi)
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 88.5 min

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Baikonur LC1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
  2. ^ a b Clark, Phillip (1988). The Soviet Manned Space Program. New York: Orion Books, a division of Crown Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-517-56954-X.
  3. ^ a b c Newkirk, Dennis (1990). Almanac of Soviet Manned Space Flight. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87201-848-2.