Peter Parker (Sam Raimi film series)

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Peter Parker
Sam Raimi's Spider-Man character
Toby-maguire-Spider-Man.jpg
Tobey Maguire as Peter Parker / Spider-Man in Spider-Man 3 (2007)
First appearanceSpider-Man (2002)
Last appearanceSpider-Man 3 (2007)
Created by
Based onSpider-Man
Adapted byDavid Koepp
Portrayed byTobey Maguire
Voiced byTobey Maguire
(video games)
Information
SpeciesHuman mutate
GenderMale
Significant otherMary Jane Watson
NationalityAmerican

Peter Parker is a fictional character and secret identity of Spider-Man in the films, adapted from the comic-book character of the same name created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko; portrayed by Tobey Maguire and films created by screenwriter David Koepp. This rendition of Spider-Man follows the Sam Raimi trilogy of Spider-Man, Spider-Man 2, and Spider-Man 3, also appearing in video game adaptations derived from each film.

Peter is depicted as an intellectually-gifted and a bright high schooler. However, his introverted nature and lack of social skills force him to isolate himself from his high school peers. After being bitten by a genetically-modified spider in a school field trip, Peter decides to use his new-found powers for the good of others. Once realising his identity as a masked vigilante, he is driven by the principle of "with great power comes great responsibility"; a mantra that is presented by his uncle Ben Parker, during their final conversation before his subsequent murder. Peter is guilt-ridden, and blames himself for the murder of his uncle, as he was indeed partially responsible. In doing so, Peter forfeits his right to a normal life, instead opting to help others under the guise of his new masked identity.

The narrative of Raimi's trilogy focuses on Peter Parker's growth from high school to college, and his management of the turbulent relationship with his best friend Harry Osborn, as well as his relationship with Mary Jane Watson, Peter's childhood crush and future love interest. The narrative follows his struggles with his dual life as a college student, often at the disappointment of Dr Curt Conners, as well as his job as a freelance photographer for the Daily Bugle, under the iron fist of the editor-in-chief, in the form of the demanding J. Jonah Jameson, who despises Parker's vigilante persona. Parker's secret life as a vigilante would lead to many clashes with criminals, along with his battles with various super-human criminals who looked to threaten the peace and lives of civilians in Parker's home of New York City. These include the Green Goblin, Doctor Octopus, New Goblin, Sandman and Venom; all of whom Peter would discover are linked to his civilian life in some shape or form.

Maguire was chosen by Raimi, although receiving doubts from several executives. Maguire was cast as the eponymous lead following his screen test, as well as acknowledging performances from his previous films. Maguire began his physical training for the role of Spider-Man, and even sought to learn the typical movements of spiders in his spare time.[1] Costume designer James Acheson began forming several concepts for Spider-Man's suit designs, but decided on a final version soon after. Acheson claimed that the suit left Maguire feeling claustrophobic, preferring only to wear the suit if a scene did not require him to put on the mask.[2] Maguire's portrayal of the character received largely positive responses from critics and fans alike, with many even claiming him to be the best theatrical/live-action adaptation of Stan Lee's original comic character, along with receiving praise from his live-action successors: Andrew Garfield and Tom Holland.[3] A number of video game adaptations were attributed to the character from Raimi's movies, alongside an animated series that would act, on the surface, as a nominal sequel to the trilogy of films.

Creation and conception[edit]

Execution[edit]

Tobey Maguire at the premiere of the third film, 2007

One of the first screenwriters to be appointed was David Koepp, who began his task of assuming his screenwriting duties on the Spider-Man film, it would be much later on that other screenwriters would begin their own work on the script. Though the general consensus of the final script is accredited to Koepp, the film's director, Sam Raimi, was closely involved in the creation of this adaptation of Peter Parker. Raimi served as a special consultant on the script, working with Koepp and the other scriptwriters, to ensure of mutual satisfaction once the final script had been completed.[4] Maguire was cast as Peter in July 2000,[5] having been Raimi's primary choice for the role after he saw The Cider House Rules.[6] The studio was initially hesitant to cast someone who did not seem to fit the ranks of "adrenaline-pumping, tail-kicking titans,"[5] but Maguire managed to impress studio executives with his audition. The actor was signed for a deal in the range of $3 to $4 million with higher salary options for two sequels.[5] Maguire was trained by a physical trainer, a yoga instructor, a martial arts expert, and a climbing expert, taking several months to improve his physique.[7]

Following the success of the first film, 2003 saw disparaging scenes between lead actor Tobey Maguire and the executives of distributor company Sony, as Maguire was close to being released from his contract following a dispute between the pair. Maguire had finished filming a now multi nominated Oscar production in the form of Seabiscuit, and had complained of the physical strain during his last two films. Sony executives believed that this was merely "part of Maguire's negotiating tactics", as a last attempt to bargain for a more lucrative paycheck; a statement quickly dismissed by Maguire's publicist.[8]

Remaining a constant in all the rewrites was the "organic web shooter" idea from the Cameron "scriptment."[9] Raimi felt he would stretch the audience's suspension of disbelief too far to have Peter invent mechanical web shooters.[7]

Costume design[edit]

Although Spider-Man's suit wound up being faithful to the Spider-Man comics, many designs were made. One concept that costume designer James Acheson became fond of was the idea of having a red emblem over a black costume. Another, which would eventually lead to the final product, featured an enlarged logo on the chest and red stripes going down the sides of the legs.[10] To create Spider-Man's costume, Maguire was fitted for the skintight suit, being covered with layers of substance to create the suit's shape.[11] It was designed as a single piece, including the mask. A hard shell was worn underneath the mask to make the shape of the head look better and to keep the mask tight while keeping the wearer comfortable. For scenes where he would take off his mask, alternate suit where the mask was a separate piece. The webbing, which accented the costume, was cut by computer. The mask's eye-lenses were designed to have a mirror look.[12] Dykstra said the biggest difficulty of creating Spider-Man was that as the character was masked, it immediately lost a lot of characterization. Without the context of eyes or mouth, a lot of body language had to be put in so that there would be emotional content. Raimi wanted to convey the essence of Spider-Man as being "the transition that occurs between him being a young man going through puberty and being a superhero." Dykstra said his crew of animators had never reached such a level of sophistication until giving subtle hints of making Spider-Man feel like a human being.[13] When two studio executives were shown shots of the computer-generated character, they believed it was actually Maguire performing stunts.[10]

Costume designer James Acheson made numerous subtle changes to Spider-Man's costume in Spider-Man 2, although keeping the design relatively the same. The colors were made richer and bolder. The spider emblem was given more elegant lines and enlarged, the eye-lenses were somewhat smaller, and the muscle suit underneath was made into pieces, to give a better sense of movement. The helmet Maguire wore under his mask was also improved, with better movement for the false jaw and magnetic eyepieces, which were easier to remove.[14]

Themes and analysis[edit]

"The most important thing Peter right now has to learn is that this whole concept of him as the avenger or him as the hero, he wears this red and blue outfit, with each criminal he brings to justice he's trying to pay down this debt of guilt he feels about the death of Uncle Ben. He considers himself a hero and a sinless person versus these villains that he nabs. We felt it would be a great thing for him to learn a little less black and white view of life and that he's not above these people."

—Sam Raimi, on how the character of Peter Parker developed in Spider-Man 3[15]

The first film characterised Peter Parker as an intelligent, bookish, and level-headed yet lonely and isolated teenager; focusing on his personality as a shy and bashful outsider; before he gained his powers and subsequent struggles of accepting his new-found abilities. From overcoming these struggles, Peter eventually utilises his abilities to help people, after his uncle was murdered by a car-jacker during a grand theft auto, for which he was partially responsible. Peter is constantly tormented by this event, after initially attempting to use his abilities for personal gain. As a result, he is motivated to use his super-human abilities for a more noble cause, under the persona of a masked vigilante: "Spider-Man", in order to atone for his uncle's death. However, even after taking up the persona of Spider-Man, Peter still retains his socially-inept, awkward and dorky, yet endearingly good-hearted nature, and develops a sarcastic and witty sense of humour in his Spider-Man guise. Peter deals with all his personal struggles, all while wrestling with his feelings for his childhood crush and close friend Mary Jane Watson and handling his close relationship with his best friend Harry Osborn. In Spider-Man 2, director Sam Raimi felt that the film had to thematically explore Peter's internal conflict with his personal wants against his responsibility, the positives and negatives of his chosen path, and how he ultimately decides that he can be happy as a heroic figure.[14][16] Raimi stated the story was partly influenced by Superman II, which also explored the titular hero giving up his responsibilities.[17] The sequel's story is mainly taken from the comic book series The Amazing Spider-Man No. 50, "Spider-Man No More!"[14] According to Raimi, Peter Parker's story is about "a life out of balance". Peter is caught between a life where he tries to help people and atone for his uncle's death with his Spider-Man alter-ego and another where he tries to balance his studies, occupation as a photographer and his relationship with his family and friends. Peter acknowledges that he cannot be with Mary Jane Watson without endangering her, due to his Spider-Man alter-ego; fearing that if his enemies would ever find out about his true identity, they would target his loved ones. As a result, Peter distances himself from Mary Jane, but eventually rekindles his relationship with her after she finds out about his dual life, and struggles he has faced.[18]

In Spider-Man 3, Raimi intended to further develop Peter's character with the planned film focusing on Peter learning that he is not a sinless vigilante and that there can also be humanity in those he considers criminals.[19] Raimi himself quoted: "The most important thing Peter right now has to learn is that this whole concept of him as the avenger or him as the hero, he wears this red and blue outfit, with each criminal he brings to justice he's trying to pay down this debt of guilt he feels about the death of Uncle Ben. He considers himself a hero and a sinless person versus these villains that he nabs. We felt it would be a great thing for him to learn a little less black and white view of life and that he's not above these people." Raimi based this idea out of the original comic book series.[14][16][18]

Following the release of the third instalment of the series, and its subsequent success at the box office, the now billion dollar franchise had been put into disarray, after director Sam Raimi had become unhappy with the script, leaving the movie to fall past its projected May 2011 release date. Further details were released after a statement made by Raimi explaining "the studio and Marvel have a unique opportunity to take the franchise in a new direction, and I know they will do a terrific job". Later reports confirmed that both Maguire and Raimi had left their respective roles. Sony proceeded with a reboot of the series titled The Amazing Spider-Man, starring Andrew Garfield as Peter Parker. The reboot was released in the United States on July 3, 2012.[20][21][22][23]

Critical reception[edit]

"What made Maguire’s Spidey so great, though, wasn’t how he portrayed the soaring superhero, but rather the humanity and downright dorkiness that was his Peter Parker, the ['man'] half of Spider-Man.

 – Hollywood Reporter staff Aaron Couch, Graeme McMillan, and Patrick Shanley[24]

Fans and critics

Maguire's portrayal of the character has received a widely positive reception. Tobey Maguire's characterization and portrayal of Spider-Man was subject to much of the praise towards Sam Raimi's Spider-Man film trilogy; being cited as true to the Spider-Man mythos as through obtaining most of the socially-inept, awkward and nerdy aspects of the character's personality, along with his sarcastic sense of humour and cheesy one-liners, underlying humanity, relatability and struggles with his dual alter-ego. Hollywood Reporter placed Tobey Maguire's portrayal of Spider-Man as the tenth greatest superhero film portrayal of all time.[25] Entertainment Weekly placed him as the tenth coolest hero of all time.[26] Nick Philpott of Comic Book Resources placed Maguire's version as the 4th best take on Spider-Man, this being lower than both Andrew Garfield's and Tom Holland's take on the web-slinger, opining that he has the affect of the comic book version despite being too old for the role of the character.[27]

Spider-Man statue at Madame Tussauds London.

Despite a positive reception towards the character and Maguire's acting, the low amount of wisecracks and humour that Maguire's Spider-Man uses on criminals and super-villains, compared to his much more motor-mouthed comic book counterpart, has been noted by many.[25] Maguire's performance as the Venom symbiote-possessed Peter Parker/Spider-Man in Spider-Man 3 was less well received, which has been described as "embarrassing" and "comical". However, the more darker, vengeful, less comical and abrasive portion of his performance in his serious moments received praise.[28][26]

Awards[edit]

Award Date of ceremony Category Film Outcome
MTV Movie Awards[29] May 31, 2003 Best Male Performance Spider-Man Nominated
Saturn Awards[30] May 18, 2003 Best Actor Spider-Man Nominated
Empire Awards[6] March 13, 2005 Best Actor Spider-Man 2 Nominated
Saturn Awards[31] May 3, 2005 Best Actor Spider-Man 2 Won
National Movie Awards[32] September 27, 2007 Best Performance by a Male Spider-Man 3 Nominated

In other media[edit]

Other adaptations[edit]

The video games Spider-Man, Spider-Man 2, and Spider-Man 3 are based on the film series for which they are named, and all three include voice acting by Tobey Maguire. The trilogy of video game adaptations found their existence through a collaborative effort between (at the time) small-time video game publisher Activision and video game developers Treyarch. The first and second installments were met with favorable reviews by a large consumer base, earned upon each of their respective releases, with the 2004's Spider-Man 2 garnering great success upon its arrival "with the PS2 edition becoming the seventh-best-selling title of the year in the U.S.".[33] The third instalment of the video game trilogy did not live to the expectations of its predecessors, much like its film counterpart, as the video game was met with lackluster reviews, leaving much to be desired about the title.[34][35] Tobey Maguire also returned (being the only cast member to reprise their role apart from Willem Dafoe's Green Goblin) to provide voice work for the character of Peter Parker / Spider-Man.[36]

Although he does not physically appear, this version of Parker is referenced in the Marvel Comics event Spider-Verse which featured many interpretations of the character from many different media.[37]

After the success of Raimi's first film, a CGI animated series/spin-off was released in 2003. This series served as a continuation to the first Spider-Man film and was considerably darker, grittier, adult-oriented and mature in tone and direction, compared to other Spider-Man adaptations. It received a generally positive reception from critics and audiences.[38][39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Spider-Man : Interview With Tobey Maguire". cinema.com. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  2. ^ Soroka, Breanna (January 19, 2013). "Costume designer James Acheson talks 'Spider-man,' 'The Last Emperor,' behind the scenes at the Wex". The Lantern. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  3. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Spider-Man 2 Movie Review & Film Summary (2004) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  4. ^ Hiltzik, Michael A. (March 24, 2002). "Untangling the Web". Los Angeles Times Magazine. p. 2 of online version. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Of the four writers Columbia lists as contributors to the final 'Spider-Man' script, three — Cameron, Scott Rosenberg and Alvin Sargent — voluntarily ceded sole credit to the fourth, Koepp.
  5. ^ a b c "Maguire spins 'Spider-Man'". Variety. July 31, 2000. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Previous Winners". Empire. March 18, 2018. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Friday Night with Jonathan Ross (TV)|format= requires |url= (help). BBC One. April 27, 2007.
  8. ^ Sampson, Mike. "About That Time Tobey Maguire Got Fired From Spider-Man". ScreenCrush. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  9. ^ Gross, Edward (May 2002). Spider-Man Confidential. Hyperion. pp. 206–208. ISBN 978-0-7868-8722-4.
  10. ^ a b Hughes, David (2003). Comic Book Movies. London: Virgin Books. pp. 235–241. ISBN 978-0-7535-0767-4.
  11. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (August 14, 2000). "He has radioactive blood, now about those pecs". Time. Retrieved January 22, 2007.
  12. ^ KJB (January 13, 2001). "Your Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man Update". IGN. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  13. ^ Zonkel, Phillip (March 20, 2003). "Spinning 'Spider-Man's' Visual Effects Web -- Former CSULB Student John Dykstra Is Credited with a Great Deal of Computer-Generated Movie Magic". Press-Telegram. Long Beach, California.
  14. ^ a b c d Making the Amazing (DVD)|format= requires |url= (help). Sony. 2004.
  15. ^ Heather Newgen (April 21, 2007). "Spider-Man 3 Interviews: Director Sam Raimi". Superherohype.com. Retrieved April 21, 2007.
  16. ^ a b Papamichael, Stella (July 9, 2004). "Sam Raimi". BBC. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
  17. ^ Cronin, Brian (November 28, 2007). "Guest Spot: Rohan Williams Interviews Sam Raimi and Rob Tapert (Part 1)". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved November 28, 2007.
  18. ^ a b "INTERVIEW: Director Sam Raimi on Spider-Man 2!". SuperHeroHype. June 23, 2004. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
  19. ^ Heather Newgen (April 21, 2007). "Spider-Man 3 Interviews: Director Sam Raimi". Superherohype.com. Retrieved April 21, 2007.
  20. ^ "Raimi and Maguire out on 'Spider-Man 4', release date changed". AXS. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  21. ^ "How Sam Raimi's Spider-Man 4 would have panned out". Den of Geek. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  22. ^ Goldberg, Matt (March 24, 2011). "James Vanderbilt Hired to Write THE AMAZING SPIDER-MAN 2". Collider. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  23. ^ "Screenwriter James Vanderbilt Returns For 'The Amazing Spider-Man' Sequel". /Film. March 24, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  24. ^ "Spider-Man (Tobey Maguire) - 50 Greatest Superhero Movie Performances of All Time". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  25. ^ a b "Spider-Man (Tobey Maguire) - 50 Greatest Superhero Movie Performances of All Time". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  26. ^ a b "20 All-Time Coolest Heroes in Pop Culture". EW.com. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  27. ^ "17 On-Screen Spider-Men Ranked From Worst To Best". CBR. December 29, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
  28. ^ Keaney, Quinn. "This Scene From Spider-Man 3 With "Realistic" Audio Will Make You Violently Uncomfortable". POPSUGAR Entertainment. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  29. ^ "2003 MTV Movie Awards". MTV. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  30. ^ "Past Award Winners". Saturn Awards. Archived from the original on September 14, 2008. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  31. ^ "The 31st Annual Saturn Awards Nominations". Saturn Awards. Archived from the original on October 12, 2004. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  32. ^ Kilkelly, Daniel (August 21, 2007). "National Movie Awards nominees revealed". Digital Spy. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
  33. ^ Kane, Alex (September 7, 2018). "The Oral History of Treyarch's Spider-Man 2: One of the Best Superhero Games Ever". USgamer. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  34. ^ Kane, Alex (August 31, 2018). "A brief history of Spider-Man games". Polygon. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  35. ^ "Spider-Man 3 Review". IGN. May 4, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  36. ^ "Spider-Man Before Insomniac: A Look Back At Past Games". IGN India. August 7, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  37. ^ Johnston, Rich (January 14, 2015). "Tobey Maguire And Andrew Garfield Are Now Part Of Spider-Verse". www.bleedingcool.com.
  38. ^ "Looking Back On Spider-Man: The New Animated Series". Cultured Vultures. May 10, 2018. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  39. ^ Spider-Man, retrieved March 18, 2019

External links[edit]

Peter Parker (Earth-96283) on Marvel Database, a Marvel Comics wiki