Sport in Plymouth
Sport in Plymouth, Devon, England, dates back to the 19th century with its first club, Plymouth United F.C., being founded in 1886. It is the largest city in England never to have had a football team in the first tier of English football. It is home to Plymouth Argyle Football Club, who play in the Football League Two (fourth tier of English football) at the Home Park stadium in Central Park. It is Plymouth's only professional football team, however the city used to have another team called Plymouth United F.C. dating back to 1886. The club takes its nickname from the group of English non-conformists that left Plymouth for the New World in 1620: the club crest features the Mayflower, which carried the Pilgrims to Massachusetts and the club's mascot is named Pilgrim Pete.
The city is also home to clubs in nearly all sports, notably Plymouth Albion R.F.C. and the Plymouth Raiders basketball club. Plymouth Albion Rugby Football Club is a rugby union club that was founded in 1921 and are currently in the third tier of Professional English Rugby National League One They play at The Brickfields. Plymouth Raiders play in the top tier of British Bastketball, the British Basketball League. They play at the Plymouth Pavilions, along with many other sports clubs and were founded in 1983. Plymouth Gladiators are a speedway team in the British National League. Their meets are held at the Plymouth Coliseum. Plymouth is also home to the American Football club the Plymouth Blitz. Plymouth is also home to diver Tom Daley.
Plymouth Argyle play professional football in the English Football League's League Two division. The club is based at the Home Park stadium in Central Park. Other football teams in the city include Plymouth Parkway F.C., a Non-League football club who play at Bolitho Park, and Elburton Villa F.C., a Non-League football club who play at Haye Road. Vospers Oak Villa F.C., who play in the South West Peninsula League, are based at Weston Mill.
Plymouth Albion play professional Rugby Union currently competing in the third tier of Professional English Rugby the National League 1. They play their home games at The Brickfields. Other semi-professional and amateur clubs include armed forces team Devonport Services who play in the Tribute Western Counties West (tier 7), Plymstock Albion Oaks and Plymouth Argaum, both of whom play in Tribute Cornwall/Devon (tier 8). Additionally there are also many junior rugby union clubs playing in regional, Devon and Plymouth Combination leagues.
Plymouth Raiders Play Professional Basketball in the British Basketball League and play their home games at the Plymouth Pavilions. The Plymouth Marjon Basketball Club, based at the UCP Marjon, play in the English Basketball League.
Plymouth Gladiators are a speedway team who reformed in 2006 after closing in 1970. The club are members of British National League, with home meetings taking place at the Plymouth Coliseum. The first track in Plymouth was located at the Pennycross Stadium in the Pennycross area and this operated both sides of WWII. The site was redeveloped for a school. Another Motoring event in the city is The Plymouth-Banjul Challenge is an annual car rally for charity, similar to the Dakar Rally.
Plymouth Mariners adult baseball club play in the newly formed independent South West Baseball League alongside the Torbay Barons, Bristol Bats and the Exeter Spitfires. They play all their home games at Wilson Field in Central Park, Plymouth.
Among the several hockey clubs in the city is Plymouth Marjon Hockey Club, one of the West of England's largest and most successful clubs field hockey which is also based at UCP Marjon. Other prominent clubs include OPMs and PGSOB, Mannamead Ladies, Plym Valley Ladies
Plymouth and District Netball League is one of the biggest and most competitive in the country with junior and senior sections. Lacrosse is also enjoying a revival particularly among university students.
Inshore and offshore yacht racing is organised from the Royal Western Yacht Club at Queen Anne's Battery and there is a thriving coastal and cross channel passage racing calendar. The long-established Royal Plymouth Corinthian Yacht Club has its clubhouse on the Hoe foreshore and there are several other sailing clubs on the rivers Plym, Tamar and Yealm. Several of these provide members and visitors with weekly 'round the cans' divisional weeknight racing in Plymouth Sound.
There are facilities for other watersports including water-skiing, windsurfing and diving and there is a well-used watersports centre at Turnchapel. There are rowing clubs on both rivers and a growing interest in gig racing. In 2006 after three years competitive inshore power boat racing, Plymouth lost the event to the Solent.
Tom Daley is a diver, who specialises in the 10-metre platform event. He started diving at the age of seven, and is a member of Plymouth Diving Club He has made an impact in national and international competition at an early age.
There are sea-angling options from boats based on the Barbican and a large number of Plymothians fish from hundreds of spots around the Sound and along the rivers.
Greyhound racing was conducted at five separate venues throughout the city. The most significant of these was the National Greyhound Racing Club (NGRC) affiliated stadium at Pennycross Stadium which existed from 1928 until 1972. 
In addition to this main venue there were four short lived venues where the racing was independent (not affiliated to the sports governing body the NGRC) and they were known as a flapping tracks, which was the nickname given to independent tracks. The first was at Beacon Park from 1928 to 1931. The second was at Plymstock Park which opened on 26 May 1931 and operated only for special gala events. The third was at West Park in Higher St Budeaux and was called the Devonport Greyhound and whippet track. It opened on 10 October 1931 and finally there was a track called the Beacon Castle Greyhound and Whippet Sports Ground which opened on 22 October 1931. It was situated near Lipson and the end of Efford Lane, racing on Tuesday and Thursday evenings and Saturday afternoons. One of the favoured distances was 660 yards and they used a trackless hare. Racing ended in 1934.
Plymouth Judo Club is one of the oldest in the southwest and there several other martial arts clubs in the city.
Adjacent to the Brickfields rugby stadium is the Plymouth athletics track.
The annual Plymouth half marathon starts and ends on The Hoe.
For skateboarders there is an outdoor concrete skate park at Central Park Youth Park.
- "Official Fixture Card". Argyle Football Club. 1886. Cite journal requires
- "History of Plymouth Albion RFC". Plymouth Albion R.F.C. website. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 21 June 2008.
- "Plymouth Raiders Club History". Plymouth Raiders website. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 21 June 2008.
- "SWP football: Vospers Oak Villa name new manager". The Herald. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- "Under-threat Plymouth Cricket Club is refusing to be stumped by an eviction order". www.thisisplymouth.co.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2008.
- "OS County Series Devon 1933". old-maps.co.uk.
- "Pennycross Stadium". Western Morning News. 1931.
- Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File, page 413. Ringpress Books. ISBN 0-948955-15-5.
- "Plymstock Park". Greyhound Racing Times.
- "Devonport". Greyhound Racing Times.
- "Beacon Castle". Greyhound Racing Times.