Spring Street, Melbourne
Parliament House on Spring Street, looking east
|North end||Victoria Street|
|South end||Flinders Street|
Spring Street is famous as the traditional seat of the Government of Victoria, as well as being central to many of the state's major cultural institutions. The street's name is frequently used as a metonym to refer to the state's bureaucracy. Spring Street is also notable for its impressive Victorian architecture, including Melbourne Parliament House, the Old Treasury Building, the Windsor Hotel (also known as Duchess of Spring Street) and the Princess Theatre.
The street is thought to be named after Baron Thomas Spring Rice, Chancellor of the Exchequer under Lord Melbourne. An alternative theory is that the name is due to the golden wattle trees in full bloom during Richard Bourke's visit.
The street runs from Flinders Street in the south to Victoria Street and the Carlton Gardens in the north. Nicholson Street begins as an offshoot of Spring Street slightly south to its intersection with Lonsdale Street.
Victorian Heritage Register
- Parliament House (1856)*
- Old Treasury Building (1862)*
- Treasury Gardens (1867)*
- Gordon Reserve (1870)*
- Hotel Windsor (1885)*
- Princess Theatre (1886)*
- Alcaston House (1929) an early apartment building designed by A&K Henderson in the palazzo style to complement the wider area
- Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (1935)*
*Also classified by the National Trust
- Holy Name Sisters (1913)
Other Prominent Structures
- Parliament railway station (1983) an underground railway station built for the City Loop
- 1 Collins Street (1985) a post-modern tower by Denton Corker Marshall amongst the city's first to incorporate heritage buildings
- Casselden Place (1992) a tall office building which is home to government offices
- Shell House (1988) at the corner of Spring and Flinders Street is a notable granite clad office tower designed by Harry Seidler in a similar style to his buildings in Sydney and Brisbane. The building's floor plates are in the shape of a shell as it was the Australian Head Office of Royal Dutch Shell.
Parks and gardens
Spring Street forms the western border of the Treasury Gardens. Gordon Reserve, a small triangle of parkland featuring heritage listed statues, is also located on Spring Street. Another small Chinese garden, known as the Tianjin Garden, is also located at the northern end of Spring Street. It is a symbol of Melbourne's close friendship with its sister city, Tianjin, China.
- "Melbourne - City of Melbourne". www.melbourne.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- Michael Bachelard Feeling the heat The Age, 25 July 2010
- Dow, Aisha (10 July 2015). "Windsor Hotel to close, tower plans dumped". The Age. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- Royal Historical Society of Victoria. "Melbourne's Streets and Lanes: What's in a Name?" (PDF). History Victoria. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- Melbourne, School of Historical Studies, Department of History, The University of. "Street Names - Entry - eMelbourne - The Encyclopedia of Melbourne Online". www.emelbourne.net.au. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- "About Chinatown | Chinatown Melbourne - Welcome to Chinatown Melbourne". chinatownmelbourne.com.au. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
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