St Leonards School
|St Leonards School|
|Type||Independent day and boarding school|
|Founders||Professors from the University of St Andrews|
|Headmaster||Dr Michael Carslaw|
|Age||5 to 18|
|Houses||Bishopshall, Ollerenshaw, St Rule|
|Colour(s)||Red and Navy|
St Leonards School, formerly St Leonards and St Katharines School, is an independent school founded by the University of St Andrews in the nineteenth century. It is located in St Andrews, Fife, on the east coast of Scotland, today situated on one site in private grounds, adjacent to the town's historic cathedral and within the walls of the medieval Priory. Although originally established in 1877 by University of St Andrews professors and their wives amid the increased demand for women's education, the school is now fully co-educational, taking boys and girls aged 5 to 18, with the option of boarding from age 12. In 2018, The Sunday Times named St Leonards its "Scottish Independent School of the Year 2019".
St Leonards has over 500 pupils between the ages of 5 and 18. It is the only entirely IB school in Scotland, offering the IB's Primary Years Programme, the Middle Years Programme alongside the Diploma Programme in the Sixth Form. It follows a GCSE or IGCSE focused curriculum in the years leading up to those examinations, and in the Sixth Form the BTEC Diploma is also offered, in lieu of the Diploma Programme.
The school was established in 1877 by the St Andrews School for Girls Company. Madeline Daniell, the educationalist and campaigner for women's right to higher education, was one of two founding secretaries of the Company.
Dame Louisa Lumsden was appointed the School's first Headmistress in 1877. The belief of the School was that "a girl should receive an education that is as good as her brother's, if not better." In 1999 St Leonards Sixth Form and St Katharines Prep School opened their doors to boys for the first time; the school soon became completely co-educational.
St Katharines and St Leonards-New Park
St Katharines School was the original prep school of St Leonards, making full use of the campus and facilities while retaining a degree of autonomy. In March 2002 it was announced that the prep school would be relocated to the main building and renamed St Leonards Junior and Middle Schools. Following a further announcement in March 2005, St Leonards junior and middle schools merged with New Park School, also located in St Andrews, operating as one unit under the name St Leonards-New Park. In June 2011 it was announced that the junior school would be known in future as St Leonards Junior School. At the same time, work commenced on a £2.5m redevelopment of the junior school.
Headmistresses and headmasters
For the first 124 years, (when the school was an all-girls school) the Head of St Leonards was always a woman. The first Headmaster was appointed in 2003.
- 1877–1882: Dame Louisa Lumsden
- 1882–1896: Dame Frances Dove
- 1896–1907: Julia Mary Grant
- 1907–1921: Mary Bentinck-Smith
- 1922–1938: Katharine Howard McCutcheon
- 1938–1955: Janet A. Macfarlane
- 1956–1970: Janet S. A. Macaulay
- 1970–1987: Martha Hamilton (Mrs R Steedman)
- 1988–2000: Mary James 
- 2001–2003: Wendy Bellars 
- 2003–2008: Robert A. J. Tims
- 2008–present: Dr Michael Carslaw 
St Leonards has largely followed the English, rather than the Scottish education system. Pupils take GCSEs and IGCSEs rather than Scottish Standard Grades. Sixth Form students follow the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme. St Leonards is an IB World School, one of only three schools in Scotland to have attained this status.
- Betty Archdale – early barrister; pioneer of women's education in Australia
- Elspeth Barker – author of "O, Caledonia!", formerly married to poet George Barker
- Wilhelmina Barns-Graham – leading abstract painter, based in St Ives, Cornwall
- Hilda Bruce – zoologist, discoverer of the Bruce effect
- Hazel Byford, Baroness Byford DBE – Shadow Minister for Food and Rural Affairs
- Jean Hunter Cowan – artist
- Jackie Forster (Jacqueline Moir Mackenzie) – actress, TV personality, feminist and lesbian campaigner
- Louisa Garrett Anderson – medical pioneer, social reformer, suffragist
- Fiona Gaunt – television actor, mother of Genevieve Gaunt
- Elizabeth Girling - Spanish Civil War veteran, political activist and charity campaigner
- Kitty McKane Godfree – Wimbledon Ladies' Singles Champion, 1924 and 1926
- Margaret Haig Thomas (Lady Rhondda) – founder of political magazine Time and Tide
- Betty Harvie Anderson (Baroness Skrimshire) – Conservative politician and peer
- Anji Hunter – former Director of Government Relations, 10 Downing Street
- Christina Keith (1889-1963) – academic and author
- Kristin Linklater – vocal coach to many well-known actors, based at Columbia University
- Anne Macaulay (née Russell) – musicologist, antiquarian and author
- Chrystal Macmillan – barrister, feminist and pacifist
- Catherine Marshall suffragist and pacifist
- Elizabeth Mavor, writer
- Anna McElligott – musician
- Max McElligott, lead singer of Wolf Gang
- Kathleen Ollerenshaw DBE – mathematician and educationalist
- Tessa Ransford – founder of the Scottish Poetry Library
- Louise Robey – actress, singer, model
- Rosabelle Sinclair – honoured in U.S. Lacrosse Hall of Fame, Baltimore
- Dr. Alice Stewart (née Naish) – pioneering epidemiologist
- Stella Tennant – supermodel
- Penny Thomson – film producer and former Director of Edinburgh International Film Festival
- Fiona Watson – UN official killed in the Canal Hotel bombing, Baghdad
- Audrey Withers – editor of Vogue from 1940 to 1960
- "St Leonards Named Scottish Independent School of the Year". St Leonards. 26 November 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- "St Leonards School | St Andrews | Fife, Scotland | KY16 9QJ". www.isbi.com. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- "St Leonards School". International Baccalaureate®. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- Begg, Tom (2004). Daniell [née Carter], Madeline Margaret (1832–1906), educationist. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/56167.
- Tatler Schools Guide 2006 Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Prep School Plans for the Future[permanent dead link]
- St Andrews schools to merge Archived 12 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine, The Courier, March 2005
- History of Lacrosse at St Leonards Archived 6 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine, official website
- Crawford, Stuart. "Stuart Crawford Associates Publications, St Leonards". Retrieved 4 August 2007.
- "St Leonards Principal Resigns". Fife Today. 26 May 2003. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- School ready to welcome Carslaw family Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Case study of St Leonards School, United Kingdom Archived 15 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine, International Baccalaureate site
- SLSS Archived 31 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine, official website
- Wycombe Abbey School Seniors Association
- Benenden Seniors
- Review: The Suffragette's Daughter: Betty Archdale, API Network
- Cunneff, Tom (14 December 1987). "On TV's Friday the 13th, It's Robey Who Makes Little Boys Really Howl". People. Time Inc. 28 (24). ISSN 0093-7673.
- Drusilla Beyfus, 'Withers [married names Stewart, Kennett], (Elizabeth) Audrey (1905–2001), magazine editor' in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2005)