Stanley Dunbar Embick
Stanley Dunbar Embick
Stanley Dunbar Embick
|Born||January 22, 1877|
|Died||October 23, 1957 (aged 80)|
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1899–1941; 1942–1946|
|Commands held||IV Corps|
Third United States Army
World War I
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal (2)|
Embick was born in Greencastle, Franklin County, Pennsylvania on January 22, 1877. He attended Dickinson College before enrolling at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, from which he graduated in 1899. Commissioned a Second Lieutenant of Artillery, he served in the occupation of Cuba following the Spanish–American War. After his service in Cuba, he served in a variety of assignments, including the staff of the Coast Artillery School at Fort Monroe, Virginia and Assistant to the Chief of Artillery in Washington, D.C.
In December, 1919 he was assigned to the staff of the War Department's War Plans Division, where he served until attending the Army War College. After serving as a War College instructor, Embick served in the Philippines, afterwards returning to Washington to serve as Executive Officer of the War Plans Division. In 1930 he became commandant of the Coast Artillery School.
In 1932 he was appointed commander of harbor defenses in the Philippines as a Brigadier General, where he was responsible for constructing Corregidor's Malinta Tunnel, which was used as a bomb-proof storage and personnel bunker and hospital during World War II, and is now the venue for a historical audio-visual presentation about the war.
Embick became Director of the War Plans Division as a Major General in 1936, and later that year was named the Army's Deputy Chief of Staff. He was appointed IV Corps commander in 1938, and later the same year took command of the Third Army as a Lieutenant General, where he served until his 1941 retirement.
Embick was recalled for World War II, serving as Chief of the Joint Strategic Survey Committee, Chairman of the Inter-American Defense Board, and a delegate to the Dumbarton Oaks Conference that created the United Nations. He retired again in 1946, receiving a second Distinguished Service Medal.
In the late 1940s he served on the commission that proposed reforms to America's military and intelligence agencies, including creation of the Department of Defense by merging the War and Navy Departments.
- Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
- Army of Cuban Occupation Medal
- World War I Victory Medal
- American Defense Service Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- World War II
Citation of first Distinguished Service Medal:
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Colonel (Signal Corps) Stanley D. Embick, United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As a member of the American Section of the Supreme War Council, by his sound military judgment, qualifications, his breadth of vision, and his sound military judgment, Colonel Embick has rendered invaluable aid in solving the many complex problems that have come before the Supreme War Council. War Department, General Orders No. 69 (1919)
Dates of rank
|No insignia||Cadet, United States Military Academy: June 15, 1895|
|No pin insignia in 1899||Second lieutenant, Regular Army: February 19, 1899|
|First lieutenant, Regular Army: May 8, 1901|
|Captain, Regular Army: January 23, 1905|
|Major, Regular Army: July 1, 1916|
|Lieutenant colonel, Temporary: August 5, 1917|
|Colonel, National Army: September 13, 1917|
|Major, Regular Army: June 30, 1920|
|Lieutenant colonel, Regular Army: July 1, 1920|
|Colonel, Regular Army: September 24, 1921|
|Brigadier general, Regular Army: September 1, 1930|
|Major general, Regular Army: May 1, 1936|
|Lieutenant general, Temporary: August 5, 1939|
|Major general, Regular Army: October 1, 1940|
|Major general, Retired List: February 1, 1941|
|Major general, Recalled to active duty: February 1, 1941|
|Lieutenant general, Army of the United States: January 7, 1942|
|Lieutenant general, Retired List: June 27, 1946|
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
- "Stanley Dunbar Embick". Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
- Biographical Annals of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Chicago: The Genealogical Publishing Co., 1905, pages 141–143
- General Stanley D. Embick: Military Dissenter, Society for Military History, by Ronald Schaffer, 1973
- Men of West Point: The First 150 Years of the United States Military Academy, by Richard Ernest Dupuy, 1951
- Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York Since its Establishment in 1802, by George Washington Cullum, 1920, Supplemental Volume VI-A, page 873
- Corregidor in Peace and War, by Charles M. Hubbard and Collis H. Davis, 2007
- Dominion or Decline: Anglo-American Naval Relations on the Pacific, 1937–1941, by Ian Cowman, 1996
- Dumbarton Oaks: The Origins of the United Nations and the Search for Postwar Security, by Robert C. Hilderbrand, 1990
- The National Cyclopaedia of American biography, by James Terry White, 1967, Volume 43, page 102
- Military Times, Awards and Citations, http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=17508
- United States Army in World War II, by Mark Skinner Watson, Published by US War Department, 1950, Chapter 3, http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/csppp/ch03.htm
- HistoryNet.com. "Louisiana Maneuvers, (1940–41)," by Mark Perry, http://www.historynet.com/louisiana-maneuvers-1940-41.htm
- "China, The New Army," Time, Monday, June 4, 1945, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,775748,00.html
George Van Horn Moseley
| Commanding General of the Third United States Army
1 October 1938 – 30 September 1940
Herbert J. Brees