Star for Bravery in Silver

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Star for Bravery in Silver
Star for Bravery in Silver.jpg
Awarded by the President
CountryFlag of the African National Congress.svg  South Africa
TypeMilitary decoration for bravery
EligibilityUmkhonto we Sizwe cadres
Awarded forBravery
Campaign(s)The "struggle"
StatusDiscontinued in 2003
Post-nominalsSBS
Statistics
Established1996
MK 1996 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
MK precedence:
SANDF precedence:
Next (lower)
SANDF succession:
Ribbon Star for Bravery in Silver.png
Ribbon bar

The Star for Bravery in Silver, post-nominal letters SBS, was instituted by the President of the Republic of South Africa in April 1996. It was awarded to veteran cadres of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the military wing of the African National Congress, who had distinguished themselves during the "struggle" by performing acts of bravery.[1][2]

Umkhonto we Sizwe[edit]

Umkhonto we Sizwe, abbreviated as MK, Zulu for "Spear of the Nation", was the para-military wing of the African National Congress (ANC). It was established on 16 December 1961, to wage an armed "struggle" against the Nationalist government inside South Africa. On 27 April 1994, Umkhonto we Sizwe was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[1][3][4]

Institution[edit]

The Star for Bravery in Silver, post-nominal letters SBS, was instituted by the President of South Africa in April 1996. It is the middle award of a set of three decorations for bravery, along with the Star for Bravery in Gold and the Conspicuous Leadership Star.[1][2][5]

Umkhonto we Sizwe's military decorations and medals were modeled on those of the South African Defence Force and these three decorations are the approximate equivalents of, respectively, the Honoris Crux Gold, the Honoris Crux (1975) and the Pro Virtute Decoration.[5]

Award criteria[edit]

The decoration could be awarded to veteran cadres of Umkhonto we Sizwe who had distinguished themselves during the "struggle" by performing acts of bravery.[1][5]

Order of wear[edit]

The position of the Star for Bravery in Silver in the official military and national orders of precedence was revised upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.[5][6]

Umkhonto we Sizwe

Star for Bravery in Gold (SBG) Star for Bravery in Silver (SBS) Conspicuous Leadership Star (CLS)

South African National Defence Force until 26 April 2003

Bravery Star in Silver (BSS) Star for Bravery in Silver (SBS) Pro Virtute Decoration (PVD)

South African National Defence Force from 27 April 2003

Bravery Star in Silver (BSS) Star for Bravery in Silver (SBS) Nkwe ya Selefera (NS)

  • Official SANDF order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the Bravery Star in Silver (BSS) of the Azanian People's Liberation Army.
    • Succeeded by the Nkwe ya Selefera (NS) of the Republic of South Africa.[5]
  • Official national order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the Bravery Star in Silver (BSS) of the Azanian People's Liberation Army.
    • Succeeded by the Nkwe ya Selefera (NS) of the Republic of South Africa.[5]

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Star for Bravery in Silver is a five-pointed star, struck in silver to fit inside a circle with a diameter of 38 millimetres, displaying a silver lion on a ruby red enameled centre roundel.[1][7]

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide and red, with two 6 millimetres wide gold bands in the centre, spaced 4 millimetres apart.[1][7]

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the Star for Bravery in Silver was discontinued upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f South African Medal Website - Liberation armies (Accessed 30 April 2015)
  2. ^ a b South African Medal Website - Post-nominal Letters (Accessed 28 April 2015)
  3. ^ "Manifesto of Umkhonto we Sizwe". African National Congress. 16 December 1961. Archived from the original on 17 December 2006. Retrieved 30 December 2006.
  4. ^ Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  6. ^ a b Presidential Warrant by the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of Honours for Bravery in the South African National Defence Force, Gazette no. 25213 dated 25 July 2003.
  7. ^ a b Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Umkhonto Wesizwe (MK)