View of the village of Nordskot
Steigen within Nordland
|Established||1 Jan 1838|
|• Mayor (2007)||Asle Schrøder (Sp)|
|• Total||1,009.24 km2 (389.67 sq mi)|
|• Land||963.55 km2 (372.03 sq mi)|
|• Water||45.69 km2 (17.64 sq mi) 4.5%|
|Area rank||#106 in Norway|
|• Rank||#289 in Norway|
|• Density||2.6/km2 (7/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-5.2%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1848|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Steigen is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Salten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Leinesfjord. Other villages include Bogen, Leines, Nordfold, Nordskot, and Sørskot. Engeløy Airport, Grådussan is located in the northern part of the municipality. Måløy–Skarholmen Lighthouse is located in the Vestfjorden in the western part of the municipality. The only road access to the municipality is via the Steigen Tunnel.
The 1,009-square-kilometre (390 sq mi) municipality is the 106th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Steigen is the 289th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,534. The municipality's population density is 2.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (6.7/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 5.2% over the last decade.
The municipality of Steigen was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The southern part of Steigen was separated on 1 September 1900 to form the new Ledingen Municipality. This left 2,216 residents in Steigen.
During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964 a major municipal merger took place. A new municipality Steigen was created by the merging the following areas:
- all of Steigen Municipality (population: 1,829)
- all of Leiranger Municipality (population: 1,397)
- most of Nordfold Municipality except the Mørsvikbotn area (population: 1,212)
- the small Brennsund area of Kjerringøy Municipality (population: 30)
- the part of Hamarøy Municipality that was south of the Sagfjorden and between the lake Storvatnet and the Veggfjellan mountain (population: 77)
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Steigen farm (Old Norse: Steig), since the first Steigen Church was built there. The name is derived from the verb stíga which means "mount" or "rise" and it is referring to the high and steep mountain Steigtinden (tinden means "the peak") behind the farm.
Coat of arms
|Parish (sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
|Steigen||Steigen Church||Steigen (Engeløya)||1250|
The municipality is located along the coast of the Vestfjorden, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of the town of Bodø, well inside the Arctic Circle. The road to Steigen departs from European route E06 and makes use of the 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) long Steigentunnelen (see World's longest tunnels). Steigen borders Hamarøy Municipality in the north and Sørfold Municipality to the south. The Vestfjorden and Lofoten are located west of Steigen. The Sagfjorden lies on the north and the Folda fjord in the south.
The municipality is mainly located on a peninsula dissected by many fjords. Steigen also includes several islands. The largest island is Engeløya, where there are ancient burial mounds (such as Sigarshaugen) and the world's most northerly naturally occurring Hazel forest in Prestegårdsskogen Nature Reserve. The largest glacier is Helldalsisen encircling a 1,361 metres (4,465 ft) mountain. The island of Engeløya is connected to the mainland by the Engeløy Bridges and just to the north of that lies the uninhabited island of Lundøya.
Steigen has fertile lowlands in between the mountains and the sea. There are several archeological sites showing settlements from the Bronze age, Iron age, and Viking Age. Lakes in the region include Forsanvatnet, Hopvatnet, Makkvatnet, and Straumfjordvatnet.
The monthly 24-hr averages range from −1 °C (30 °F) in January and February to 13 °C (55 °F) in July and August, with precipitation ranging from 49 millimetres (1.9 in) in May to 146 millimetres (5.7 in) in October; annual average is 970 millimetres (38.2 in) and mean annual temperature is 5.1 °C (41 °F).
All municipalities in Norway, including Steigen, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Salten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Socialist Left Party||Sosialistisk Venstreparti||1|
|Total number of members:||17|
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-19.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-19.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2001). "1848 Steigen. Population 1 January and population changes during the year. 1951-" (in Norwegian).
- Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 249.
- "Kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Steigen Kommune. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
- "1961-90 base period for Grøtøy, Steigen" (in Norwegian). Norges meteorologiske institutt.
- Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steigen.|
- Nordland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway ‹See Tfd›(in Norwegian)
- Steigen Municipality ‹See Tfd›(in Norwegian)
- Treveven:Hassel ‹See Tfd›(in Norwegian)
- Iron Age in Steigen
- Steigen settled for thousands of years
- "Fant 6.300 år gammel nordlending i hemmelig grotte" [Found 6300-year-old body of a person from North Norway]. NRK (in Norwegian). 2013-09-17.