Stephen S. Harding
Stephen S. Harding
|Governor of Utah Territory|
|Preceded by||John W. Dawson|
|Succeeded by||James Duane Doty|
|Born||February 28, 1808|
Palmyra, New York
|Died||February 12, 1891 (aged 82)|
Stephen Selwyn Harding (February 28, 1808 – February 12, 1891) was the appointed Governor of the Utah Territory in 1862 and 1863 and was chief justice of the Colorado Supreme Court from 1863 to 1865. Harding was an ardent abolitionist.
Harding was born in Palmyra (town), New York on February 28, 1808, the eldest son of David and Abigail Harding. In 1820 he moved with his family to Ripley County, Indiana. He studied law in the office of William R. Morris in Brookville, Indiana and became licensed to practice law on March 17, 1828. He then opened a law office in Richmond, Indiana which remained open for six months when he opened one in Versailles, Indiana. He married Avoline Sprout on October 31, 1830. The couple had ten children.
He stood unsuccessfully as a candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Indiana in 1842 and for Governor of Indiana in 1846. He was appointed Governor of Utah Territory by Abraham Lincoln in 1862. Soon after he took office he issued a blanket pardon for all Morrisites convicted in connection with the Morrisite War. He also initially tried to appease the Mormon community but soon became critical of church leaders and the practice of plural marriage. This resulted in a successful petition for his removal from office. He was then appointed as U.S. consul at Valparaíso, Chile; he decided instead, for domestic reasons, to serve as Chief Justice of the Colorado Supreme Court. He died on February 12, 1891 in Milan, Ripley County, Indiana and was buried in the Greendale Cemetery, Greendale, Indiana.
Early Mormon connection
Harding apparently had contact with the early Mormon ('The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints') religious movement's leadership including Joseph Smith Jr., Martin Harris (Latter Day Saints), and Oliver Cowdery. In a letter quoted in an anti-Mormon book . The aging Harding recounts (30 years after his short stint as the governor of the Utah Territory) that as a boy, he had seen Smith as a 15-year-old boy fishing in the same Palmyra pond and that Harris occasionally came to visit his parents. Additionally, (nearly 60 years earlier) he along with Harris listened as Oliver Cowdery read from a few of the yet unpublished Book of Mormon manuscripts in the candlelight of the Joseph Smith Sr. log home. He also recounts that he had been given the first sheet of the freshly printed Book of Mormon title page which he later donated to the LDS church.
John W. Dawson
| Governor of Utah Territory
James Duane Doty