Stevens County, Minnesota

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Stevens County, Minnesota
Morris Carnegie Library.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Stevens County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Founded20 February 1862
Named forIsaac Ingalls Stevens
SeatMorris
Largest cityMorris
Area
 • Total575 sq mi (1,489 km2)
 • Land564 sq mi (1,461 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (31 km2), 2.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)9,637
 • Density17.1/sq mi (6.6/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.stevens.mn.us

Stevens County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,726.[1] Its county seat is Morris.[2]

History[edit]

The county was created by act of the Minnesota legislature on February 20, 1862. It was not organized at that time, and no county seat was named. The county was named for Isaac Stevens, who had led a railroad survey party across Minnesota in 1853 and was influential in bringing national attention to the Minnesota Territory.[3] The territorial legislature had intended to thus honor Stevens in 1855 when another county was being created, but a clerical error caused that county to be named Stearns. The error was corrected by the 1862 act; by that time Stevens was a brigadier general for the Union Army in the American Civil War. Stevens was killed later that year.[4] The county government was organized in 1872. Morris, which had been platted in 1869, was named the county seat.[5][6]

The University of Minnesota Morris is in Morris. It was developed in the early 20th century from the Morris Industrial School for Indians, which opened in 1887 and was originally operated by the Roman Catholic Sisters of Mercy under contract to the federal government.

In 1975, a moderate earthquake occurred in the county.

Geography[edit]

The Pomme de Terre River flows south through central Stevens County, on its way to discharge into the Minnesota River. The county's terrain consists of rolling hills, with the area mostly devoted to agriculture.[7] The terrain generally slopes to the south, although the northeast and southwest portions rise from the central part of the county. The county's highest point is on the eastern portion of the northern border, at 1,250' (381m) ASL.[8] The county has a total area of 575 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 564 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.0%) is water.[9]

Soils of Stevens County[10]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[7][edit]

  • Alberta Marsh State Wildlife Management Area
  • Boekholt Grove State Wildlife Management Area
  • Bruillet State Wildlife Management Area
  • Cin State Wildlife Management Area
  • Dablow State Wildlife Management Area
  • Dolven State Wildlife Management Area
  • Everglade State Wildlife Management Area
  • Klason State Wildlife Management Area
  • Kline State Wildlife Management Area
  • Mathison State Wildlife Management Area
  • Muddy Creek State Wildlife Management Area
  • Reimers State Wildlife Management Area
  • Robertson State Wildlife Management Area
  • Selk State Wildlife Management Area
  • Thedin State Wildlife Management Area
  • Verlyn Marth Memorial Prairie Scientific and Natural Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870174
18803,9112,147.7%
18905,25134.3%
19008,72166.1%
19108,293−4.9%
19209,77817.9%
193010,1854.2%
194011,0398.4%
195011,1060.6%
196011,2621.4%
197011,218−0.4%
198011,3220.9%
199010,634−6.1%
200010,053−5.5%
20109,726−3.3%
Est. 20179,637[11]−0.9%
US Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2016[1]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[16] there were 10,053 people, 3,751 households, and 2,366 families in the county. The population density was 17.8/sqmi (6.88/km²). There were 4,074 housing units at an average density of 7.22/sqmi (2.79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.13% White, 0.92% Black or African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.8% were of German, 20.8% Norwegian and 5.4% Irish ancestry.

There were 3,751 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 5.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.90% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99.

The county population contained 21.60% under the age of 18, 20.80% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 19.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,267, and the median income for a family was $47,518. Males had a median income of $32,045 versus $21,681 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,569. About 5.70% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Stevens County has been a swing district for the past several decades. In 56% of national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 51.9% 2,799 39.2% 2,116 8.9% 483
2012 48.9% 2,766 48.5% 2,742 2.6% 144
2008 48.1% 2,710 49.4% 2,781 2.5% 143
2004 50.9% 3,030 47.4% 2,821 1.7% 98
2000 49.2% 2,831 42.3% 2,434 8.5% 487
1996 39.3% 2,141 50.3% 2,741 10.5% 573
1992 38.3% 2,229 42.4% 2,466 19.3% 1,121
1988 49.1% 2,679 49.9% 2,721 1.1% 58
1984 56.6% 3,251 42.7% 2,451 0.8% 44
1980 50.7% 3,283 39.5% 2,559 9.8% 634
1976 42.9% 2,484 54.8% 3,171 2.3% 134
1972 48.7% 2,830 49.4% 2,870 1.9% 111
1968 50.6% 2,560 44.4% 2,247 5.0% 255
1964 43.2% 2,220 56.7% 2,910 0.1% 7
1960 52.9% 2,710 46.9% 2,405 0.2% 11
1956 58.8% 2,606 41.1% 1,822 0.1% 2
1952 67.4% 3,288 32.4% 1,579 0.3% 12
1948 45.0% 1,928 54.0% 2,313 1.0% 42
1944 58.2% 2,377 41.5% 1,693 0.3% 12
1940 56.3% 2,619 43.4% 2,018 0.3% 15
1936 36.2% 1,431 59.4% 2,352 4.4% 175
1932 35.0% 1,396 64.0% 2,552 1.1% 42
1928 60.7% 2,275 38.9% 1,457 0.4% 16
1924 49.0% 1,553 7.5% 238 43.5% 1,379
1920 79.8% 2,339 15.6% 457 4.6% 134
1916 52.6% 943 43.9% 787 3.6% 64
1912 17.4% 286 38.9% 640 43.7% 718[18]
1908 57.9% 877 38.4% 582 3.6% 55
1904 75.1% 1,254 21.7% 362 3.2% 53
1900 58.0% 1,036 38.2% 682 3.8% 68
1896 57.4% 981 40.1% 685 2.5% 43
1892 46.2% 622 37.8% 509 16.0% 215

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Isaac Ingalls Stevens (accessed 15 March 2019)
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 535.
  5. ^ Brief History. Stevens County (accessed 15 March 2019)
  6. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  7. ^ a b Stevens County MN Google Maps (accessed 15 March 2019)
  8. ^ "Find an Altitude/Stevens County MN" Google Maps (accessed 15 March 2019)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  10. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65-67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  18. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 628 votes, while Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 52 votes, Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 33 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 5 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°35′N 96°00′W / 45.58°N 96.00°W / 45.58; -96.00