Stock Car Brasil
|Drivers' champion||Daniel Serra|
|Teams' champion||Eurofarma RC|
- 1 History
- 2 Support races
- 3 Manufacturer representation
- 4 Scoring systems
- 5 Speed records
- 6 Drivers
- 7 Champions
- 8 Circuits
- 9 Fatal accidents
- 10 Video games
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The series was created in 1979 to be an alternative to the former Division 1 championship that competed with Chevrolet Opala and Ford Maverick. The dominance of Chevrolet over Ford models was causing a lack of public interest and sponsors. General Motors then created a new category, with a name reminiscent of the famous NASCAR with standardized performance and improvements for all the competitors. The first race was run on 22 April 1979 at the Autódromo Internacional de Tarumã, Rio Grande do Sul with 19 cars competing, all of them 6-cylinder Chevrolet Opalas. The pole position was held by José Carlos Palhares, and the race was won by Affonso Giaffone.
This decade saw the emergence of several rivalries between drivers. In 1982 two races were held for the first time at the Autodromo do Estoril, Portugal.
The first major change in the Stock Car standard occurred in 1987. With the support of General Motors, a fairing designed and built by coachbuilder Caio was adopted, which was adapted to the Opala's chassis. The car exhibited improved aerodynamics and performance. Safety equipment become more sophisticated.
In 1990 General Motors renewed its interest in the category and built a prototype intended to replace the Caio/Hidroplas model.
In 1991 new rules were established and the races were disputed in double rounds on the weekends, with two drivers per car, but the series continued to lose ground with the public, sponsors and television networks to other championships with many manufacturers involved, such as Campeonato Brasileiro de Marcas e Pilotos that included the involvement of Chevrolet, Fiat, Ford and Volkswagen, as well as the always popular Formula racing championships.
In 1994 the championship returned to the old rules and Chevrolet announced that the Chevrolet Omega would be introduced as the new standard model. As part of a marketing strategy and in order to reduce costs, the tickets were free and the races were now held in double rounds sponsored by Brazilian Formula Chevrolet in an event called Chevrolet Challenger. This decade marked a dominant era for Ingo Hoffmann with eight titles, three in partnership with Ângelo Giombell. His only serious challenges came from Paulo Gomes in 1995 and Chico Serra in 1999.
From 2000 on, General Motors departed the series and Vicar Promoções Desportivas, owned by former racing driver Carlos Col, took over the organization. This ushered in a period of modernization and improved security as the category started to use a tubular chassis designated JL G-09. The project engineer was Edgardo Fernandez, who did something similar for the Argentina category Top Race V6, inspired by both NASCAR and the DTM. The chassis was built by Zeca Giaffone's JL Racing.
In 2003 the category replaced the Chevrolet 6-cylinder engine used with modifications since 1979 with a Chevrolet V8 imported from the United States by JL Racing, similar to the engines used by the NASCAR Busch Series. General Motors participated in the series with the Vectra.
In 2005 Mitsubishi entered the series with the Mitsubishi Lancer. 30 October of that same year marked the first race held in Argentina at Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez, alongside the TC 2000 category. Attendance was 70,000. Giuliano Losacco was the winner, with Mateus Greipel second and Luciano Burti coming in third.
In 2006, Volkswagen entered in the series with the Bora and the championship adopted a point system similar to the one used in NASCAR, as well as a new system with 16 teams and 32 drivers. At the end of the season, the 10 best drivers were automatically qualified to run the 4 final races, called Super Final, similar to the Chase for the Sprint Cup. In 2007, the category gained another manufacturer with the entrance of Peugeot with its 307 Sedan. Volkswagen announced it was withdrawing from the category in 2008, with two-time champion Mitsubishi doing the same one year later.
In 2011, Peugeot re-entered the championship announced with the 408 sedan model, replacing the 307. In 2012, Chevrolet introduced the Chevrolet Sonic as its competing model. The category announced changes for 2012 season, dropping the Super Final system. The scoring system was also changed, with the top twenty drivers in each race being awarded points. For the 2016 season, General Motors announced the Chevrolet Cruze as the replacement for the Sonic. In 2017, Peugeot announced its retirement from the competition leaving Chevrolet as the lone automaker to compete in the series in which all drivers now use identical Cruze models, making it a one-make style championship in South American stock car racing.
Created in 1992, the Brazilian Formula Chevrolet was the Series' main support category. It used the same chassis as Formula Opel until 1994, subsequently switching to a Techspeed chassis until 2002, which was the same year the category was retired.
The Stock Car Light second tier was created in 1993, and reformulated in 2008 to become the Copa Vicar. After a merger with Pick-up Racing Brasil, the Copa Chevrolet Montana was established and standardized around the Chevrolet Montana model. Pick-up Racing Brasil was a category created in 2001 but only became part of the Stock Car Brasil programme until 2006.
The Stock Car Jr. third tier was created in 2006. It was intended for young and amateur drivers moving from Kart racing. In 2010 the category was replaced with the Mini Challenge Brasil. After three seasons it was cancelled.
|1991||Fábio Sotto Mayor||Chevrolet Opala||Rodovia Rio-Santos||303 km/h / 188 mph|
|2010||Cacá Bueno||Chevrolet Vectra JL G-09||Bonneville Salt Flats||345 km/h / 214 mph|
- Affonso Giaffone Filho (1979–1980s) – The winner of the first race in 1979, and the champion of the 1981 season. The father of Affonso Giaffone, a former IndyCar Series driver.
- Paulo Gomes (1979–2003/2007) – The winner of the first season in 1979, also 4-time champion.
- Chico Serra (1999–2009) – 3-time champion (1999, 2000 and 2001)
- Ingo Hoffmann (1979–2008) – 12-time champion (1980, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998 and 2002) and the driver with the most series wins overall. He competed from 1979 to 2008.
- Cacá Bueno (2002–) – 5-time Champion: (2006, 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2012). Runner-up: 2003, 2004 and 2005. He is the son of the sports commentator Galvão Bueno.
Former Formula One drivers
- Currently in the series
- Antônio Pizzonia (2007–)
- Ricardo Zonta (2007–)
- Rubens Barrichello (2012–)
- Nelson Piquet Jr. (2014–2015, 2018–)
- Lucas di Grassi (2014–2015, 2018–)
- Formerly in the series
- Ingo Hoffmann (1979–2008)
- Raul Boesel (1979, 2003–2005)
- Chico Serra (1980s – 2007 / 2009 / 2014)
- Tarso Marques (2005–2011)
- Roberto Moreno (2005)
- Jacques Villeneuve (2011 / 2015)
- Alex Ribeiro (1980s)
- Wilson Fittipaldi (1980s – early 1990s)
- Christian Fittipaldi (2005–2007 / 2010)
- Luciano Burti (2005–2018)
- Enrique Bernoldi (2007 / 2009 / 2014–2015)
- Esteban Tuero (2005)
- Luiz Bueno (1982)
- Bruno Senna (2013–2014)
- Ricardo Rosset (2014–2015)
- Roberto Merhi (2014)
- Jaime Alguersuari (2015)
- Vitantonio Liuzzi (2015)
- Jérôme d'Ambrosio (2018)
- Felipe Massa (2018)
All champions are Brazilian-registered.
- Autódromo José Carlos Pace (Interlagos), São Paulo, SP
- Autódromo Internacional de Curitiba, Pinhais, PR
- Autódromo Internacional de Tarumã, Viamão, RS
- Autódromo Internacional de Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, RS
- Autódromo Internacional de Cascavel, Cascavel, PR
- Autódromo Internacional Orlando Moura, Campo Grande, MS
- Autódromo Velo Cittá, Mogi Guaçu, SP
- Velopark, Nova Santa Rita, RS
- Autódromo Internacional Ayrton Senna (Goiânia), Goiânia, GO
- Autódromo Internacional Ayrton Senna (Londrina), Londrina, PR
Former circuits include:
- Autódromo Internacional Virgílio Távora, Fortaleza, CE (last race: 1979)
- Autódromo do Estoril, Portugal (last race: 1982)
- Autódromo José Carlos Pace (Interlagos), São Paulo, SP (old 8 km track. last race: 1989)
- Autódromo Internacional de Guaporé, Guaporé, RS (last race: 2002)
- Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet (Jacarepaguá), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (full course. last race: 2005)
- Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet (Jacarepaguá), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (short circuit. last race: 2012)
- Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet, Brasília, DF (last race: 2014)
- Salvador Street Circuit, Salvador, BA (last race: 2014)
- Ribeirão Preto Street Circuit, Ribeirão Preto, SP (last race: 2015)
- Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez, Argentina (last race: 2017)
- Circuito dos Cristais, Curvelo, MG (last race: 2017)
There have been five fatal accidents:
- In 1985, Zeca Greguricinski, died at Interlagos from burns suffered after a crash.
- In June 2001, Laércio Justino, died at Nelson Piquet Circuit of Brasília after losing control of the car and crashing at the pit lane entrance.
- In September 2003, Raphael Lima Pereira, a 19-year-old photographer, was hit by Gualter Salles at Campo Grande circuit and died. He was near the safety area at the time of the accident.
- On 9 December 2007, Rafael Sperafico, of the Sperafico racing family, died during the final race of the Stock Car Light 2007 season at Interlagos. His cousins Rodrigo and Ricardo Sperafico compete in the top-level series. It was the first fatal accident in the Stock Car Light series.
- On 3 April 2011, Gustavo Sondermann, competing in a Copa Chevrolet Montana race, was killed at Interlagos in an accident almost identical to that of Sperafico four years earlier.
The first official video game was Game Stock Car in 2011, Stock Car Exterme was launched in 2013. In 2016 Automobilista featured the full car grid and circuits, all games were developed by Reiza Studios.
- Cacá Bueno estabelece novo recorde de velocidade da Stock Car: 345 km/h
- "Morte de Rafael é a quarta na Stock Car" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. 9 December 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2007.
- "Acidente mata Rafael Sperafico durante prova em Interlagos" (in Portuguese). Folha de S.Paulo. 9 December 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2007.
- "Piloto da Stock Car Light morre em acidente em São Paulo" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. 9 December 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2007.
- "Rafael Sperafico loses his life". F1-Live.com. 10 December 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2007.
- Honorio, Rafael (3 April 2011). "Após acidente, Gustavo Sondermann tem morte cerebral confirmada". globoesporte.globo.com (in Portuguese). Organizações Globo. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
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