Steung Treng Province

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Steung Treng Province

ស្ទឹងត្រែង
Sopheak Mitt Waterfall
Sopheak Mitt Waterfall
Map of Cambodia highlighting Stung Treng
Map of Cambodia highlighting Stung Treng
Coordinates: 13°31′N 105°57′E / 13.517°N 105.950°E / 13.517; 105.950Coordinates: 13°31′N 105°57′E / 13.517°N 105.950°E / 13.517; 105.950
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalStung Treng Municipality
Government
 • GovernorMom Saroeun (ម៉ុម សារឿន)
Area
 • Total11,092 km2 (4,283 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 8th
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total111,734
 • RankRanked 22nd
 • Density10/km2 (26/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 24th
Time zoneICT
Dialing code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-19
Districts5
Buddhist temple, Steung Treng Province

Steung Treng, officially Stung Treng[2] (Khmer: ស្ទឹងត្រែង, IPA: [stɘŋ traeːŋ] "River of Reeds"; Lao: ຊຽງແຕງ Xiang Taeng; Thai: เชียงแตง Chiang Taeng 'City of Melons'), is a province (khaet) of Cambodia in the northeast. It borders the provinces of Ratanakiri to the east, Mondulkiri and Kratie to the south and Kampong Thom and Preah Vihear to the west. Its northern boundary is Cambodia's international border with Laos. The Mekong River bisects the province.

History[edit]

Stung Treng was first a part of the Khmer Empire, then the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang, and later the Lao kingdom of Champasak. After the Franco-Siamese War of 1893, Chiang Taeng (Stung Treng) was administered by French Lower Laos from 1893 to 1904. In 1904 French Laos traded the province to the French Protectorate of Cambodia in exchange for Champassak, leaving a small Laotian minority in Cambodia.

Owing to its border location and the forested mountains in the northeast of the province, there was much communist guerrilla activity in Stung Treng in Cambodia's past. The insurgency lasted from the Vietnamese infiltration in the 1950s until the late Khmer Rouge years.[3]

Economy[edit]

The Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation found a mineralised belt of copper and zinc in the province in 2019, and plans to step up further exploration with a Japanese partner to extract the minerals. The exploration site is about 260 kilometres north of Phnom Penh.[4]

Administration[edit]

The province is divided into four districts and one municipality.

ISO Code District Khmer
19-01 Sesan ស្រុកសេសាន
19-02 Siem Bouk ស្រុកសៀមបូក
19-03 Siem Pang ស្រុកសៀមប៉ាង
19-04 Stung Treng Municipality ក្រុងស្ទឹងត្រែង
19-05 Thala Barivat ស្រុកថាឡាបរិវ៉ាត់

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 November 2012.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-10-29. Retrieved 2014-10-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Marketing, Crawford School. "Home - RE&D - ANU". rspas.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Japan firms find copper, zinc mineralised belt in Cambodia". Bangkok Post. KYODO NEWS. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.