Styrax benzoin

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Styrax benzoin
Styrax benzoin - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-133.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Styracaceae
Genus: Styrax
S. benzoin
Binomial name
Styrax benzoin

Styrax benzoin is a species of tree native to Sumatra in Indonesia. Common names for the tree include gum benjamin tree, loban (in Arabic), kemenyan (in Indonesia and Malaysia), onycha, and Sumatra benzoin tree.[1]


It is a common member of the forests of Tapanuli Utara, Humbang Hasundutan in region province Sumatra, Indonesia. Where it grows to about 12-30 meters in height. Styrax Benzoin can live 70-100 years. No one know how [1] came to Sumatra. Scientes says Styrax benzoin from Sumatra the best quality.

Its take one year to process of tapping and harvesting frankincense. We cut the styrax benzoin tree trunk by little so that the white styrax sap will appear from the skin. After 4-6 months of the styrax sap hardens on the tree trunks then the incense sap can be harvested.

The Styrax Sumatrana sap that has been harvested is not clean. The skin of incense and other impurities must separate. Usually it is dry for 3-6 months. After incense sap already dry, the incense sap ready to be export.

The kemenyan tree founded around 2000 years ago. In Bible have found some articles about that. Some people give kemenyan when Yesus born at Betlehem. Indian have using kemenyan since thousand year ago. They use it for their worship.

You can find Insence trees in several countries in Southeast Asia, such as Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam and Indonesia. The tree can thrive in mountainous areas and cold temperatures with high rainfall. Styrax tree can also grow in lowland areas with have hot temperatures but not produce good quality styrax sap.[2]


Styrax benzoin is cultivated as a main source of benzoin resin in Indonesia. It is also grown as an ornamental tree for shade in West Africa.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Styrax benzoin". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  2. ^ JSTOR Plant Science