Sub-provinces of the Philippines

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Map of the Mountain Province showing its extent in 1918. The map shows borders of its sub-provinces.

The Sub-provinces of the Philippines were a political and administrative division of the Philippines. The sub-provinces were a part of a larger "regular" province and residents of a sub-province participated in provincial elections of the parent province.

List of historical sub-provinces[edit]

Sub-province Parent province Established Disestablished Fate
Abra Ilocos Sur April 1, 1905 March 9, 1917 Already recognized as a regular province in 1901 (Act No. 206). Annexed to Ilocos Sur as a sub-province in 1905 (Act No. 1306). Became a regular province again in 1917 (Act No. 2683).
Amburayan Lepanto-Bontoc
(1902–1908)

Mountain Province
(1908–1920)

May 28, 1902 February 4, 1920 Territory organized as a sub-province of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1902 (Act No. 410). Transferred to newly-created Mountain Province upon abolition of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1908 (Act No. 1876). Most of territory annexed to Ilocos Sur and La Union in 1917 (Act No. 2711).[1] Abolished in 1920 when its remaining territory was annexed to the sub-province of Benguet in the Mountain Province (Act No. 2877).[2]
Apayao Cagayan
(1907–1908)

Mountain Province
(1908–1966)
Kalinga-Apayao
(1966–1995)
May 9, 1907 May 8, 1995 Territory organized as a sub-province of Cagayan in 1907 (Act No. 1642). Transferred to newly-created Mountain Province in 1908 (Act No. 1876). Transferred to newly-created Kalinga-Apayao province in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4695).[3] Became a regular province in 1995 (Republic Act No. 7878).[4]
Aurora Quezon June 14, 1951 August 13, 1979 Established as a sub-province of Quezon in 1951 (Republic Act No. 648).[5] Became a regular province in 1979 upon proclamation of result of plebiscite ratifying Batas Pambansa Blg. 7.[6]
Batanes Cagayan August 20, 1907 May 20, 1909 Spanish-era province abolished and territory annexed to Cagayan in 1901 (Act No. 209). Organized as a sub-province of Cagayan in 1907 (Act No. 1693). Became a province again in 1909 (Act No. 1952).
Benguet Mountain Province August 18, 1908 June 18, 1966 Already recognized as a regular province in 1900 (Act No. 49). Annexed to newly-created Mountain Province in 1908 (Act No. 1876). Became a regular province again in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4695).[3]
Biliran Leyte April 8, 1959 May 11, 1992 Established as a sub-province of Leyte in 1959 (Republic Act No. 2141).[7] Became a regular province in 1992 upon ratification of Section 462 of Republic Act No. 7160.[8]
Bontoc Lepanto-Bontoc
(1902–1908)

Mountain Province
(1908–1966)

May 28, 1902 June 18, 1966 Territory organized as a sub-province of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1902 (Act No. 410). Transferred to newly-created Mountain Province upon abolition of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1908 (Act No. 1876). Became a regular province and assumed the name Mountain Province upon separation of other component sub-provinces in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4695).[3]
Bukidnon Agusan August 20, 1907 September 1, 1914 Territory organized as a sub-province of Agusan in 1907 (Act No. 1693). Agusan Province (composed of Bukidnon and Butuan sub-provinces) placed under the Department of Mindanao and Sulu in 1913 (Act No. 2309). Separated from Butuan sub-province and became a province within the Department of Mindanao and Sulu in 1914 (Act No. 2408).
Butuan Agusan August 20, 1907 September 1, 1914 Territory organized as a sub-province of Agusan in 1907 (Act No. 1693). Agusan Province (composed of Bukidnon and Butuan sub-provinces) placed under the Department of Mindanao and Sulu in 1913 (Act No. 2309). Separated from Bukidnon and became a province within the Department of Mindanao and Sulu under the name Agusan in 1914 (Act No. 2408).
Camiguin Misamis Oriental June 22, 1956 June 18, 1966 Established as a sub-province of Misamis Oriental in 1956 (Republic Act No. 2021).[9] Became a regular province in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4669).[10]
Catanduanes Albay April 19, 1905 October 26, 1945 Established as a sub-province of Albay in 1905 (Act No. 1331). Became a regular province in 1945 (Commonwealth Act No. 687).
Guimaras Iloilo June 18, 1966 May 11, 1992 Established as a sub-province of Iloilo in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4667).[11] Became a regular province in 1992 upon ratification of Section 462 of Republic Act No. 7160.[8]
Ifugao Mountain Province August 18, 1908 June 18, 1966 Territory annexed from Nueva Vizcaya organized as a sub-province of the newly-created Mountain Province in 1908 (Act No. 1876). Became a regular province in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4695).[3]
Kalinga Lepanto-Bontoc
(1907–1908)

Mountain Province
(1908–1966)
Kalinga-Apayao
(1966–1995)
May 9, 1907 May 8, 1995 Territory organized as a sub-province of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1907 (Act No. 1642). Transferred to newly-created Mountain Province upon abolition of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1908 (Act No. 1876). Transferred to newly-created Kalinga-Apayao province in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4695).[3] Became a regular province in 1995 (Republic Act No. 7878).[4]
Lepanto Lepanto-Bontoc
(1907–1908)

Mountain Province
(1908–1920)
May 28, 1902 February 4, 1920 Territory organized as a sub-province of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1902 (Act No. 410). Transferred to newly-created Mountain Province upon abolition of Lepanto-Bontoc in 1908 (Act No. 1876). Abolished in 1920 when its territory was annexed to Ilocos Sur and the sub-province of Bontoc in the Mountain Province (Act No. 2877).[2]
Marinduque Tayabas August 10, 1907 November 21, 1920 Already recognized as a province in 1901 (Act No. 125). Province abolished and territory annexed to Tayabas in 1902 (Act No. 499). Established as a sub-province in 1907 (Act No. 1649). Became a regular province again in 1920 (Act No. 2880).
Masbate Sorsogon January 1, 1906 December 15, 1920 Already recognized as a province in 1901 (Act No. 105). Annexed to Sorsogon as a sub-province in 1906 (Act No. 1413). Became a regular province again in 1920 (Act No. 2934).
Quirino Nueva Vizcaya June 18, 1966 November 11, 1971 Established as a sub-province of Nueva Vizcaya in 1966 (Republic Act No. 4734).[12] Became a regular province upon ratification of Republic Act No. 6394 in 1971.[13]
Romblon Capiz July 15, 1907 December 7, 1917 Already recognized as a province in 1901 (Act No. 104). Annexed to Capiz as a sub-province in 1907 (Act No. 1665). Became a regular province again in 1917 (Act No. 2724).
Siquijor Negros Oriental October 8, 1907 November 11, 1971 Established as a sub-province of Negros Oriental in 1907 (Act No. 1753). Became a regular province upon ratification of Republic Act No. 6398 in 1971.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippine Legislature (1917). Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 (Act No. 2711) (Digitized Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 from the Presidential Museum and Library Collection, uploaded on 15 February 2016). Bureau of Printing. p. 22–24. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Philippine Legislature (4 February 1920). "Act No. 2877 - An Act to modify and establish the boundary line between the Mountain Province and the Provinces of Ilocos Sur and La Union". Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Republic Act No. 4695 - An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao, and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Republic Act No. 7878 - An Act Creating the Sub-Provinces of Kalinga and Apayao into Regular Provinces to be known as the Province of Kalinga and the Province of Apayao, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act. No 4695". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Republic Act No. 648 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Aurora, which shall comprise the Municipalities of Baler, Casiguran, Dipaculao and Maria Aurora, Province of Quezon". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Batas Pambansa Blg. 7 - An Act Separating the Sub-Province of Aurora from the Province of Quezon and Establishing it as an independent province". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 2141 - An Act Creating the Sub-Province of Biliran". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Republic Act No. 7160 - An Act Providing for the Local Government Code of 1991". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Republic Act No. 2021 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Camiguin in the Province of Misamis Oriental". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Republic Act No. 4669 - An Act Separating the Subprovince of Camiguin from the Province of Misamis Oriental and Establishing it as an independent province". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 4667 - An Act Creating the Sub-Province of Guimaras in the Province of Iloilo". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Republic Act No. 4734 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Quirino in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Republic Act No. 6394 - An Act to Separate the Subprovince of Quirino from the Province of Nueva Vizcaya and Constitute it into a regular province to be known as the Province of Quirino". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Republic Act No. 6398 - An Act Separating the Subprovince of Siquijor from the Province of Oriental Negros and Establishing it as an independent province". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 July 2018.