Subdivisions of Egypt

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Egypt is divided, for the purpose of public administration, according to a three-layer hierarchy and some districts are further subdivided, creating an occasional fourth-layer.

The top-level of the hierarchy are 27 governorates (singular: محافظة muḥāfẓa, plural: محافظات muḥāfẓat). The second-level, beneath and within governorates, are marakiz (singular: مركز markaz, plural: مراكز marakiz) or aqsam (singular: قسم qism, plural: أقسام aqsam). The third-level is composed of sheyakha (singular: شياخة sheyakha, plural: شياخات sheyakhat') in urban areas and villages (singular: قرية qarya, plural: قرى qura) in rural areas. There is a governing structure at each of these levels.[1][2].

Provincial divisions[edit]

Egypt is divided into 27 governorates (muhāfazāt) and each has a capital and at least one city.[3] Each governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion. Most governorates have a population density of more than one thousand per km², while the three largest have a population density of less than two per km².[4] The governorates of Egypt are:

Municipal divisions[edit]

Map of Egypt's municipal divisions.

At the municipal-level are markaz, kism, police-administered areas, and new cities. Generally, rural areas are divided into markaz whereas urban areas are divided into kism. As of 2013, there were 351 subdivisions, of which 177 were kism, 162 markaz, 9 new cities, and 3 police-administered areas. There are also unorganized areas in Alexandria, Aswan, Asyut, Beheira, Beni Suef, Cairo, Dakahlia, Damietta, Faiyum, Giza, Ismailia, Kafr El Sheikh, Luxor, Minya, Port Said, Qalyubia, Qena, Sharqia, Sohag, Suez governorates.[6][7]

k - kism m - markaz n - new city p - police-administered

  • 6th of October 1 (k)
  • 6th of October 2 (k)
  • 10th of Ramadan 1 (k)
  • 10th of Ramadan 2 (k)
  • 15th of May (k)
  • Abdeen (k)
  • Abnub (m)
  • Abu El Matamir (m)
  • Abu Hammad (m)
  • Abu Hummus (m)
  • Abu Kebir (m)
  • Abu Qirqas (m)
  • Abu Radis (k)
  • Abu Simbel (m)
  • Abu Tig (m)
  • Abu Tisht (m)
  • Abu Zenima (k)
  • Aga (m)
  • Agouza (k)
  • Ain Shams (k)
  • Akhmim (m)
  • Alexandria Port Police Dept. (p)
  • Amreya (k)
  • Arish 1 (k)
  • Arish 2 (k)
  • Arish 3 (k)
  • Arish 4 (k)
  • Armant (m)
  • Ashmoun (m)
  • Aswan (k)
  • Aswan (m)
  • Asyut (m)
  • Asyut 1 (k)
  • Asyut 2 (k)
  • Ataka (k)
  • Atfih (m)
  • Awlad Saqr (m)
  • Awsim (m)
  • Azbakeya (k)
  • Bab El Sharia (k)
  • Bab Sharq (k)
  • Badr (k)
  • Badr (m)
  • Banha (k)
  • Banha (m)
  • Baris Shurta (m)
  • Basyoun (m)
  • Beni Ebeid (m)
  • Beni Mazar (m)
  • Beni Suef (k)
  • Beni Suef (m)
  • Biba (m)
  • Bilbeis (m)
  • Bilqas (m)
  • Bir El Abd (k)
  • Birket El Sab (m)
  • Biyala (m)
  • Borg El Arab (k)
  • Bulaq (k)
  • Bulaq El Dakrur (k)
  • Burullus (m)
  • Dahab (k)
  • Dairut (m)
  • Damanhur (k)
  • Damanhur (m)
  • Damietta (m)
  • Damietta 1 (k)
  • Damietta 2 (k)
  • Dar El Salam (m)
  • Daraw (m)
  • Deir Mawas (m)
  • Dekernes (m)
  • Dekhela (k)
  • Desouk (k)
  • Desouk (m)
  • Dishna (m)
  • Diyarb Negm (m)
  • Dokki (k)
  • Edfu (m)
  • Edku (m)
  • El Ahram (k)
  • El Arab (k)
  • El Arbein (k)
  • El Atareen (k)
  • El Ayyat (m)
  • El Badari (m)
  • El Badrashein (m)
  • El Bagour (m)
  • El Balyana (m)
  • El Basal Port (k)
  • El Basatin (k)
  • El Dabaa (k)
  • El Darb El Ahmar (k)
  • El Dawahy (k)
  • El Delengat (m)
  • El Fashn (m)
  • El Fath (m)
  • El Gamaliya (k)
  • El Gamaliya (m)
  • El Ganayin (k)
  • El Ghanayem (m)
  • El Gomrok (k)
  • El Hamam (k)
  • El Hamool (m)
  • El Hassana (k)
  • El Hawamdiya (k)
  • El Husseiniya (m)
  • El Ibrahimiya (m)
  • El Idwa (m)
  • El Kawsar (k)
  • El Khalifa (k)
  • El Labban (k)
  • El Mahalla El Kubra (m)
  • El Mahalla El Kubra 1 (k)
  • El Mahalla El Kubra 2 (k)
  • El Mahmoudia (m)
  • El Manakh (k)
  • El Manasra (k)
  • El Mansha (m)
  • El Mansheya (k)
  • El Manzala (m)
  • El Maragha (m)
  • El Marg (k)
  • El Matareya (k)
  • El Matareya (m)
  • El Muski (k)
  • El Nozha (k)
  • El Omraniya (k)
  • El Qanater El Khayreya (m)
  • El Qanayat (k)
  • El Qantara (m)
  • El Qantara El Sharqiya (k)
  • El Qoseir (k)
  • El Qurein (k)
  • El Qusiya (m)
  • El Rahmaniya (m)
  • El Raml 1 (k)
  • El Raml 2 (k)
  • El Reyad (m)
  • El Saff (m)
  • El Salam (k)
  • El Santa (m)
  • El Sayeda Zeinab (k)
  • El Segil (k)
  • El Senbellawein (m)
  • El Sharabiya (k)
  • El Sharq (k)
  • El Shohada (m)
  • El Shorouk (k)
  • El Tebbin (k)
  • El Tor (k)
  • El Usayrat (m)
  • El Wahat El Bahariya (k)
  • El Wahat El Khariga (k)
  • El Waqf (m)
  • El Warraq (k)
  • El Wasta (m)
  • El Weili (k)
  • El Zaher (k)
  • El Zarqa (m)
  • El Zawya El Hamra (k)
  • El Zohur (k)
  • Esna (m)
  • Faisal (k)
  • Faiyum (k)
  • Faiyum (m)
  • Faqous (k)
  • Faqous (m)
  • Faraskur (m)
  • Farshut (m)
  • Fayed (m)
  • Fuwa (m)
  • Gamasa (k)
  • Ganoubi 1 (k)
  • Ganoubi 2 (k)
  • Gharb Nubariya (k)
  • Girga (k)
  • Girga (m)
  • Giza (k)
  • Giza (m)
  • Hada'iq El Qobbah (k)
  • Hala'ib (k)
  • Heliopolis (k)
  • Helwan (k)
  • Hihya (m)
  • Hosh Essa (m)
  • Hurghada (k)
  • Hurghada 2 (k)
  • Ibsheway (m)
  • Ihnasiya (m)
  • Imbaba (k)
  • Imbaba (m)
  • Ismailia (m)
  • Ismailia 1 (k)
  • Ismailia 2 (k)
  • Ismailia 3 (k)
  • Itay El Barud (m)
  • Itsa (m)
  • Juhayna El Gharbiyah (m)
  • Kafr El Dawwar (k)
  • Kafr El Dawwar (m)
  • Kafr El Sheikh (k)
  • Kafr El Sheikh (m)
  • Kafr El Zayat (m)
  • Kafr Saad (m)
  • Kafr Saqr (m)
  • Kafr Shukr (m)
  • Karmoz (k)
  • Kerdasa (m)
  • Khanka (m)
  • Khusus (k)
  • Kom Hamada (m)
  • Kom Ombo (m)
  • Kotoor (m)
  • Luxor (k)
  • Luxor (m)
  • Maadi (k)
  • Maghaghah (m)
  • Mahallat Dimna (m)
  • Mallawi (k)
  • Mallawi (m)
  • Manfalut (m)
  • Mansoura (m)
  • Mansoura 1 (k)
  • Mansoura 2 (k)
  • Marina El Alamein (k)
  • Marsa Alam (k)
  • Mashtool El Souk (m)
  • Matay (m)
  • Menouf (k)
  • Menouf (m)
  • Mersa Matruh (k)
  • Metoubes (m)
  • Minya (k)
  • Minya (m)
  • Minya El Qamh (m)
  • Minyet El Nasr (m)
  • Mit Ghamr (k)
  • Mit Ghamr (m)
  • Mit Salsil (m)
  • Moharam Bek (k)
  • Monshat El Nasr (k)
  • Montaza (k)
  • Mubarak Sharq El Tafrea (k)
  • Nabaroh (m)
  • Nag Hammadi (m)
  • Nakhl (k)
  • Naqada (m)
  • Nasir Bush (m)
  • Nasr (m)
  • Nasr City 1 (k)
  • Nasr City 2 (k)
  • New Akhmim (n)
  • New Aswan (n)
  • New Asyut (n)
  • New Beni Suef (k)
  • New Borg El Arab (n)
  • New Cairo 1 (k)
  • New Cairo 2 (k)
  • New Cairo 3 (k)
  • New Damietta (k)
  • New Faiyum (n)
  • New Minya (n)
  • New Qena (n)
  • New Salhia (k)
  • New Sohag (n)
  • New Toshka (n)
  • North Coast (k)*
  • North Coast (k)
  • Nuweiba (k)
  • Obour (k)
  • Old Cairo (k)
  • Port Fuad (k)
  • Port Fuad 2 (k)
  • Port Said Police Dept. (p)
  • Qaha (k)
  • Qallin (m)
  • Qalyub (k)
  • Qalyub (m)
  • Qasr El Nil (k)
  • Qena (k)
  • Qena (m)
  • Qift (m)
  • Quesna (m)
  • Qus (m)
  • Rafah (k)
  • Ras El Bar (k)
  • Ras Gharib (k)
  • Ras Sidr (k)
  • Rod El Farag (k)
  • Rosetta (m)
  • Sadat City (m)
  • Safaga (k)
  • Sahil Salim (m)
  • Saint Catherine (k)
  • Sallum (k)
  • Samalut (m)
  • Samanoud (m)
  • Saqultah (m)
  • Sers El Lyan (k)
  • Shalateen (k)
  • Sharm El Sheikh (k)
  • Sheikh Zayed (k)
  • Sheikh Zuweid (k)
  • Shibin El Kom (k)
  • Shibin El Kom (m)
  • Shibin El Qanatir (m)
  • Shirbin (m)
  • Shubra (k)
  • Shubra El Kheima 1 (k)
  • Shubra El Kheima 2 (k)
  • Shubrakhit (m)
  • Shurtet El Dakhla (m)
  • Shurtet El Farafra (m)
  • Shurtet El Qasima (k)
  • Shurtet Rumana (k)
  • Sidfa (m)
  • Sidi Barrani (k)
  • Sidi Gaber (k)
  • Sidi Salem (m)
  • Sinnuris (m)
  • Siwa (k)
  • Sohag (m)
  • Sohag 1 (k)
  • Sohag 2 (k)
  • Suez (k)
  • Suez Port Police Dept. (p)
  • Sumusta El Waqf (m)
  • Taba (k)
  • Tahta (k)
  • Tahta (m)
  • Tala (m)
  • Talkha (m)
  • Tamiya (m)
  • Tanta (m)
  • Tanta 1 (k)
  • Tanta 2 (k)
  • Tell El Kebir (m)
  • Tibah Police Dept. (m)
  • Tima (m)
  • Timay El Imdid (m)
  • Tukh (m)
  • Tura (k)
  • Wadi El Natrun (m)
  • Yousef El Seddik (m)
  • Zagazig (m)
  • Zagazig 1 (k)
  • Zagazig 2 (k)
  • Zamalek (k)
  • Zefta (m)
  • Zeitoun (k)

Submunicipal divisions[edit]

The village is the smallest local unit in rural communities, and is the equivalent of a sheyakha in urban areas. However, villages differ from each other in terms of legal status. The heads of villages or sheyakhas are appointed by the respective governors. [8][9].

Other Administrative Divisions[edit]

In addition to the three-level administrative divisions, residential districts (singular: حي سكني ḥay sakani, plural: أحياء سكنية are occasionally made up of several 'qisms' in larger citiesaḥya' sakaniya) in urban areas. There are also seven economic regions for other planning purposes, as defined by the General Organization for Physical Planning (GOPP). Each economic region is made up of several first-level governorates.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  2. ^ Metz, Helen Chapin (1990). Egypt: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1990. Archived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Governorates of Egypt". Statoids. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Inhabited Population Density By Governorate 1/7/2014" (PDF). CAPMAS Egyptian Figures 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Seat of a first-order administrative division". Geonames. Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Egypt Markazes". Statoids. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  7. ^ Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Governor appoints first woman to head municipality in Egypt's Alexandria". Ahram Online. June 20, 2015. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  9. ^ Broadband Networks in the Middle East and North Africa: Accelerating High-Speed Internet Access. World Bank Publication. February 11, 2014. p. 33. Archived from the original on 26 November 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2016.