Supreme Assembly (Uzbekistan)

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Supreme Assembly

Oliy Majlis / Олий Мажлис
Олий Мажлис / Oliy Mazhlis
5th Supreme Assembly
Senate of Uzbekistan logo.png
Legislative Chamber
FoundedFebruary 1995
Nigmatilla Yuldashev
since 22 January 2015
Nuriddinjon Ismailov
since 12 January 2015
Senate (100) (84 directly elected and 16 appointed by the president)
Legislative Chamber (150) (135 elected for 5-year terms in single-seat constituencies using the two-round system and 15 selected by Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan)
Senate political groups
Legislative Chamber of Uzbekistan composition 2015.svg
Legislative Chamber political groups
Party-list proportional representation
Legislative Chamber last election
21 December 2014 and 4 January 2015
Meeting place
Oliy Majlis (Parliament of Uzbekistan).jpg
Emblem of Uzbekistan.svg
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The Supreme Assembly (Uzbek: Oliy Majlis, Cyrillic Олий Мажлис) is the parliament of Uzbekistan. It succeeded the Supreme Soviet in 1995, and was unicameral until a reform implemented in January 2005 created a second chamber.

The Legislative Chamber has 150 deputies elected from territorial constituencies. The Senate has 100 members, 84 elected from the regions, from the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan and from the capital, Tashkent, and an additional 16 nominated by the President of Uzbekistan.

Both houses have five-year terms.[1]


The Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR (Uzbek: Ўзбекистон ССР Олий Совети, Russian: Верховный Совет Узбекской ССР) operated in the country during the Soviet era as its main legislature. Since its establishment in July 1938, when it succeeded the All-Uzbek Congress of Soviets, it has held 12 convocations:[2]

  • 1rst convocation (1938–1946)
  • 2nd convocation (1947–1950)
  • 3rd convocation (1951–1954)
  • 4th convocation (1955–1959)
  • 5th convocation (1959–1962)
  • 6th convocation (1963–1966)
  • 7th convocation (1967–1970)
  • 8th convocation (1971–1974)
  • 9th convocation (1975–1979)
  • 10th convocation (1980–1984)
  • 11th convocation (1985–1989)
  • 12th convocation (1990–1994)

On 31 August 1991, during an extraordinary 6th session of the Supreme Soviet, the independence and sovereignty of Uzbekistan was proclaimed.[3] In 1992, the Soviet was renamed to reflect the country's new independence status.[4] After the last convocation, the Supreme Soviet was dissolved and converted in to the Supreme Assembly in February 1995.

Office holders[edit]

From February 1995 to January 2005, the Chairman of the unicameral Supreme Assembly of Uzbekistan was Erkin Khalilov, who had been Acting Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1993 to 1995. Since 2005 the Senate and Legislative Chamber have each had their own presiding officer.

Speaker of the Legislative Chamber[edit]

Chairman of the Senate[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs website Archived 2009-04-14 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Legislative Chamber website
  6. ^ "President Islam Karimov Attends the First Meeting of the Lower House". UzA. 2015-01-15. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
  7. ^ Senate website
  8. ^ "Uzbekistan's Senate Convenes for Its First Meeting". UzA. 2015-01-23. Retrieved 2017-07-19.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°18′52″N 69°15′55″E / 41.31444°N 69.26528°E / 41.31444; 69.26528