Supreme Military Council (Ghana)

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The Supreme Military Council (SMC) was the ruling government of Ghana from 9 October 1975 to 4 June 1979. Its chairman was Colonel I.K. Acheampong. He was also the Head of state of Ghana due to his chairmanship.

SMC I and II[edit]

The period of the SMC can be divided into two eras. These are :

  • Acheampong era - SMC - 1 (October 9, 1975 - July 5, 1978)
  • Akuffo era - SMC 2 - (July 5, 1978 - June 4, 1979)

The SMC was overthrown by the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council on June 4, 1979. This was a bloody coup during which one of the SMC members, the Army Commander Major General Odartey-Wellington was killed.

Members of the Acheampong government[edit]

The council consisted of the Head of state and all service commanders of the Ghana Armed Forces. The head of the police was also included. Many members of the government changed porfolios while others were dropped.[1]

SMC I members (October 1975 to July 1978)[edit]

Office Name Dates
Head of state and Chairman General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong 9 October 1975 - 5 July 1978
Chief of the Defence Staff Lieutenant General Lawrence A. Okai
Lieutenant General Fred W. K. Akuffo
9 October 1975 - November 1976
November 1976 - July 1978
Chief of Army Staff Lieutenant General Fred W. K. Akuffo
Major General Robert E. A. Kotei
9 October 1975 - November 1976
November 1976 - July 1978
Chief of Naval Staff Rear Admiral C.K. Dzang
Rear Admiral Joy Kobla Amedume
9 October 1975 - June 1977
June 1977 - July 1978
Chief of Air Staff Brigadier Charles Beausoliel
Air Vice Marshal George Yaw Boakye
9 October 1975 - 11 November 1976
12 November 1976 - 5 July 1978
Border Guards Commander Major General E. K. Utuka 9 October 1975 - ?
Inspector General of Police Ernest Ako
Benjamin Samuel Kofi Kwakye
9 October 1975 - July 1978
July 1978 – June 1979

The various commissioners were designated as members of the National Redemption Council as membership of the SMC was limited to the Head of State, the Inspector General of Police and the various military service commanders.

List of commissioners (NRC members)[edit]

Office Name Dates
Commissioner for Foreign Affairs Major Roger Felli 9 October 1975 - ?
Commissioner for Internal Affairs
Inspector General of Police
Ernest Ako
Benjamin Samuel Kofi Kwakye
9 October 1975 - July 1978
July 1978 – June 1979
Commissioner for Defence Colonel Kutu Acheampong 9 October 1975 - July 1978
Attorney-General and
Commissioner for Justice
Justice Gustav Koranteng-Addow 9 October 1975 - 31 October 1978
Commissioner for Finance and Economic Affairs Colonel Kutu Acheampong
Robert K. A. Gardiner
J. L. S. Abbey
9 October 1975 - ?
14 October 1975 – May 1978
? – ?
Commissioner for Economic Planning Lt Col. Kwame Baah 9 Octoer 1975 - ?
Commissioner for Local Government Lt. Col. Kwame Agbo
Lt. Col. B. K. Ahlijah
Lt. Col. K. A. Jackson
C. K. Tedam
9 October 1975 - ?
? – ?
? – ?
?
Commissioner for Agriculture[2] Lt. Col. Paul K. Nkegbe
Major General Neville Odartey-Wellington
Colonel Samuel Akwagiram
1975 – 1979
1979
1979
Commissioner for Health Lt. Colonel Anthony Hugh Selormey
Major General Neville Odartey-Wellington
9 October 1975 - ?
?
Commissioner for Labour, Social Welfare and Co-operatives Rear Admiral Joy Kobla Amedume
Nii Anyetei Kwakwranya
9 October 1975 - ?
?
Commissioner for Lands and Mineral Resources Group Captain T. T. Kutin
Brigadier K. Osei-Boateng
Lt. Col. Abdulai Ibrahim
9 October 1975 - ?
?
?
Commissioner for Industry Colonel George Minyila
Colonel B. K. Ahlijah
Commissioner for Works and Housing Lt. Col. K. A. Jackson
Major Edward Yirimambo
9 October 1975 - ?
?
Commissioner for Trade and Tourism Colonel K. E. Quarshie
Commissioner for Transport and Communications Colonel David A. Iddisah
Group Captain T. T. Kutin
Eric R.K. Dwemoh
Commissioner for Education, Youth and Culture Ellis Owusu-Fordwor 9 October 1975 - ?
Commissioner for Education, Culture and Sports Lieutenant-Colonel Paul Nkegbe
Commissioner for Information Major General Robert E. A. Kotei
Colonel Parker H.S. Yarney
9 October 1975 - ?
Commissioner for Sports Colonel Kutu Acheampong 9 October 1975 - ?
Commissioner for Cocoa Affairs Captain J. A. Kyeremeh 9 October 1975 - ?
Commissioner for Consumer Affairs Kofi Badu
Commissioner for Fuel and Power Lieutenant-Colonel Abdulai Ibrahim
Commissioner for SMC Affairs E. K. Buckman
Commissioner and Special Advisor to the Head of State Joe Emmanuel Appiah

Regional Commissioners[edit]

Ashanti Region Major L. K. Kodjiku October 1975 – 1977
G. E. Osei 1977 – 1978
R. K. Zumah 1978 – 1979
Brong Ahafo Region Lt. Col. O. K. Abrefa October 1975 – 1977
William Adjei Thompson 1977 – 1978
L. K. Awuku 1978 – 1979
Central Region Major J. A. Awuni 1975 – 1977
Commander John A. K. Otoo 1977 – 1978
William Adjei Thompson 1978 – 1979
Eastern Region Col. Kweku Adade Takyi 1972 – 1973 and 1975 – 1977
Lt. Col. George Manyila 1973 – 1975
Commander G. E. Osei 1977 – 1978
Obed Kwabena Abrefa 1978 – 1979
Greater Accra Region Lt. Col. William Adjei Thompson 1975 – 1977
Lt. Col. L. K. Kodjiku 1977 – 1978
Commander G. E. Osei 1978 – 1979
Northern Region Major R. K. Zumah October 1975 – 1978
Lt. Col. L. K. Kodjiku 1978 – 1979
Upper Region Lt. Col. Michael Ofori-Akuamoah 1975 – 1978
Lt. Col. Samuel Gyabaah 1978 – 1979
Volta Region J. A. Kabore 1972 – 1975
Lt. Col. G. K. Amevor 1975 – 1979
Western Region Lt. Col. E. J. Dawuni 1976 – 1977
Lt.Commander John A.K. Otoo 1977 – 1978
J. S. Y. Amenlemah 1978 – 1979

Palace coup[edit]

Following a bloodless palace coup on 5 July 1978, the SMC was reconstituted. General Acheeampng was forced to resign as head of state and placed under house arrest. This government remained in power until its overthrow eleven months later by the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council on 4 June 1979.

SMC II members (July 1978 to June 1979)[edit]

Office Name Dates
Head of state and Chairman Lieutenant General Fred W. K. Akuffo 5 July 1978 - 4 June 1979
Chief of the Defence Staff Major General Robert E. A. Kotei
Lieutenant General Joshua Hamidu
5 July 1978 - 23 July 1978
July 1978 - 4 June 1979
Chief of Army Staff Major General Neville Odartey-Wellington 5 July 1978 - 4 June 1979
Chief of Naval Staff Rear Admiral Joy Kobla Amedume 5 July 1978 - 4 June 1979
Chief of Air Staff Air Vice Marshal George Yaw Boakye 5 July 1978 - 4 June 1979
Border Guards Commander Major General E. K. Utuka
Major General K. Osei Boateng[3]
5 July 1978 - ?
? - 4 June 1979
Inspector General of Police Ernest Ako
Benjamin Samuel Kofi Kwakye
July 1978
17 July 1978 - 4 June 1979
Preceded by
National Redemption Council (1972-1975)
Governments of Ghana
(Military Regime)

1975–1979
Succeeded by
Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (1979)

Monday 4 June 1979

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MEMBERSHIP OF SMC AND NRC". Wikileaks. WikiLeaks. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Former Heads of MoFA". Official website. Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  3. ^ Tagoe, George (6 May 2004). Genesis Four. Trafford Publishing. Retrieved 9 September 2012.[self-published source]

Sources[edit]

External sources[edit]