Susan Kare

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Susan Kare
Susan Kare

(1954-02-05) February 5, 1954 (age 65)
OccupationGraphic designer
Known forContemporary American design
Notable work
The typefaces Chicago, Monaco, and Geneva; the first three iPods, and the "Happy Mac" icon

Susan Kare (/ˈszən ˈkɛər/; born February 5, 1954) is an artist and graphic designer who created many of the interface elements and typefaces for the Apple Macintosh in the 1980s. She was also Creative Director (and one of the original employees) at NeXT, the company formed by Steve Jobs after he left Apple in 1985.[1] She has worked for Microsoft, IBM, Pinterest and Facebook.

Early life and education[edit]

Kare was born in Ithaca, New York, and is the sister of aerospace engineer Jordin Kare.[2][3] In high school she worked at a museum for a designer, Harry Loucks, who introduced her to typography and graphic design.[4] She graduated from Harriton High School in 1971, graduated summa cum laude with a B.A. in Art from Mount Holyoke College in 1975, and received a Ph.D. from New York University in 1978. She next moved to San Francisco and worked for the Fine Arts Museums.[2][5]


Apple career[edit]

Mac fonts designed c. 1983–84 by Susan Kare

Kare joined Apple Computer after receiving a call from high school friend Andy Hertzfeld in the early 1980s.[1][5][6] A member of the original Apple Macintosh design team,[7] she worked at Apple starting in 1982 (Badge #3978). Kare was originally hired into the Macintosh software group to design user interface graphics and fonts; her business cards read "HI Macintosh Artist". Later, she was a Creative Director in Apple Creative Services working for the Director of that organization, Tom Suiter.

She is the designer of many typefaces, icons, and original marketing material for the original Macintosh operating system. Descendants of her groundbreaking work can still be seen in many computer graphics tools and accessories, especially icons such as the Lasso, the Grabber, and the Paint Bucket. These designs created the first visual language for Apple's new point-and-click computing.[8] A presentation at the Layers Design Conference in San Francisco revealed that the Command icon on Apple keyboards was originally a symbol used to denote notable and interesting features at Swedish Campgrounds.[9]

Kare was an early pioneer of pixel art. Her most recognizable works from her time with Apple are the Chicago typeface (the most prominent user-interface typeface seen in classic Mac OS interfaces from System 1 in 1984, to Mac OS 9 in 1999, as well as the typeface used in the first four generations of the Apple iPod interface); the Geneva typeface; the original monospace Monaco typeface; "Clarus the Dogcow"; the "Happy Mac" icon (the smiling computer that welcomed Mac users when starting their machines), and the Command key symbol on Apple keyboards.[2][5]

Her icons drew from many sources such as art history, wacky gadgets, and forgotten hieroglyphics. On the Mac her concept for the command symbol was taken from the Saint Hannes cross, which was a symbol for a "place of interest." [10]

After Apple[edit]

After leaving Apple, Kare joined NeXT as a designer, working with clients such as Microsoft and IBM.[5] Her projects for Microsoft included the card deck for Windows 3.0's solitaire game,[11][12] as well as numerous icons and design elements for Windows 3.0.[1] Many of her icons, such as those for Notepad and various Control Panels, remained essentially unchanged by Microsoft until Windows XP. For IBM, she produced icons and design elements for OS/2;[12][13] for Eazel she contributed iconography to the Nautilus file manager.[14]

In 2003, she became a member of the advisory board of Glam Media (now Mode Media).[15]

Between 2006 and 2010,[16] she produced icons for the "Gifts" feature of Facebook.[17] Initially, profits from gift sales were donated to the Susan G. Komen for the Cure foundation. After Valentine's Day 2007,[18] the gift selection was modified to include new and limited edition gifts that did not necessarily pertain to Valentine's Day.[citation needed] One of the gift icons, titled "Big Kiss" is also featured in some versions of Mac OS X as a user account picture.[19]

In 2007, she designed the identity, icons and website for Chumby Industries, Inc.,[20] as well as the interface for their Internet-enabled alarm clock.[21]

Since 2008,[22] The Museum of Modern Art store in New York City has carried stationery and notebooks featuring her designs. In 2015 MoMA also acquired her notebooks of sketches that led to the early Mac icons.[23]

In August 2012, she was called as an expert witness by Apple in the company's patent-infringement trial against industry competitor Samsung (see Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co.).[24]

In 2015, Kare was hired by Pinterest as a product design lead.[25] As of 2010, she heads a digital design practice in San Francisco and sells limited-edition, signed fine-art prints.[26] She currently uses Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator to make her designs and logos.[27]


In recognition of her design work, Kare was awarded the American Institute of Graphic Arts medal in April 2018.[28]

Personal life[edit]

She is married and has three sons.[29]


  1. ^ a b c Wolf, Ron. "The mother of the Mac trash can". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ a b c Alex Soojung-Kim Pang (2001-02-19). "Interview with Susan Kare". Making the Macintosh: Technology and Culture in Silicon Valley. Stanford University. Archived from the original on 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2007-08-13. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "The Monell Connection, Winter 2003" (PDF). Monell Chemical Senses Center. 2003. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-07. Retrieved 2007-08-13. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ "interview with graphic designer susan kare". designboom | architecture & design magazine. 2014-10-21. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  5. ^ a b c d Tobin, Janet (Summer 2001). "Designer Susan Kare '75 Gives Pixels Personality". Vista. Mount Holyoke College. 6 (1). Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  6. ^ Hamish Mackintosh (2003-06-12). "Technology: Talk Time". Guardian Unlimited. Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2007-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ Lemmons, Phil (February 1984). "An Interview: The Macintosh Design Team". BYTE (interview). p. 58. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  8. ^ Gonzalez, Robbie. "Iconic Designer Susan Kare Explains How ⌘ Came to Be". WIRED. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  9. ^ Gonzalez, Robbie (2016-02-04). "Iconic Designer Susan Kare Explains How ⌘ Came to Be". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  10. ^ "The Woman Behind Apple's First Icons". Priceonomics. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  11. ^ "In Conversation With Susan Kare: On Windows 3.0 Solitaire, Iconography, and Nostalgia - STORY". STORY. 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  12. ^ a b Laurence Zuckerman (1996-08-26). "The Designer Who Made the Mac Smile". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2007-08-12. Retrieved 2007-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ Craig Bromberg (1997). "I.D. Forty/Susan Kare". I.D. Magazine, Jan/Feb 1997. Archived from the original on 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2007-08-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ "Nautilus File Manager". Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  15. ^ "Susan Kare", Bloomberg Businessweek, 16 Dec 2014
  16. ^ Crockett, Zachary (March 20, 2018). "Susan Kare". American Institute of Graphic Arts.
  17. ^ "Buy a virtual cupcake for breast cancer, on Facebook". CNET. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  18. ^ Big Kiss
  19. ^ Jared Morgenstern (2007-02-07). "Give gifts on Facebook!". Retrieved 2007-08-15.
  20. ^ Bryony Gomez Palacio; Armin Vit (2011). "Graphic Design, Referenced: A Visual Guide to the Language, Applications, and History of Graphic Design". p. 187.
  21. ^ Buchanan, Matt (February 21, 2008). "Hands On chumby Wi-Fi Widget Beanbag (Cuddly in More Ways Than One)". Gizmodo.
  22. ^ search Susan Kare
  23. ^ David Conrad (March 8, 2015). "Susan Kare Archive at MOMA".
  24. ^ Joel Rosenblatt (August 7, 2012). "Former Apple Designer Kare Testifies at Samsung Patent Trial". Businessweek. Bloomberg LP. Archived from the original on 9 September 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  25. ^ "Pinterest hires early Apple designer Susan Kare". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  26. ^ "About – Susan Kare". Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  27. ^ Orin, Andy. "I'm Susan Kare, Graphic Designer, and This Is How I Work". Lifehacker. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  28. ^ Dormehl, Luke (20 April 2018). "Mac icon designer Susan Kare honored with award". Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  29. ^ Susan Kare, Biography

External links[edit]