Swedish Parachute Ranger School

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Parachute Ranger School
Fallskärmsjägarskolan
Fallskärmsjägarskolan vapen.svg
Active1952–2009
CountrySweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Army
TypeSchool
Part ofLife Regiment Hussars (K 3)[note 1]
Garrison/HQKarlsborg
Motto(s)Vilja, mod och uthållighet[note 2] ("Will, Courage and Perseverance")
March"Fallskärmsjägarmarsch" (S. Samuelsson)[note 3]
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Captain Nils Ivar Carlborg
Insignia
Insignia M/51-60FJS Ornen.jpg

The Parachute Ranger School[3] (Swedish: Fallskärmsjägarskolan, FJS), is the Swedish Army's paratrooper ranger school and the home of Fallskärmsjägarna (Parachute Rangers) and Särskilda operationsgruppen (Special Operations Group). The school was founded in 1952 by captain Nils-Ivar Carlborg with the intention of creating and training small specialized units no bigger than platoons which were capable of operating deep behind enemy lines and inside enemy-controlled territory. Training is provided for both normal and static line jumps using the C-130 Hercules aircraft, as well as nighttime jumps, free fall jumps, HALO and HAHO. The school was reorganized into the 323rd Parachute Ranger Company in 2009.

History[edit]

The Parachute Ranger School was founded as the Swedish Army Parachute Ranger School (Arméns fallskärmsjägarskola) in 1952 by the then captain Nils Ivar Carlborg. The task was with small platoon-sized units penetrate and disrupt the enemy. The mode of transport was airplane and at low altitude parachute to get as far as possible behind enemy lines.[4] The unit was initially a part of Karlsborg Air Defence Regiment (Lv 1). When the Karlsborg Air Defence Regiment was discontinued in 1961, the unit came to be subordinate to the commanding officer of Göta Signal Regiment (S 2).

The Parachute Ranger School was until 1978 located in the "Parachute Ranger Camp" (Fallskärmsjägarlägret), which until 1951 was the camp (barracks) ("Gamla lägret") of the Second Quartermaster Company (Andra intendenturkompaniet, Int 2) at Vätterstranden in Karlsborg. In 1978 the operations were moved to Slutvärnet at Karlsborg Fortress.[5]

In connection with the 1982 Defense Bill, the Life Regiment Hussars (K 3) became relocated from Skövde Garrison to Karlsborg Garrison. This change meant that both the Parachute Ranger School and the Göta Signal Regiment became subordinate to the commanding officer of the Life Regiment Hussars. The Göta Signal Regiment was subsumed in the Life Regiment Hussars as a signal battalion and the Parachute Ranger School as a school unit.

On 1 July 1994, the formal designation was change to the Parachute Ranger Corps (Fallskärmsjägarkåren), but the abbreviation FJS survived. The name was then changed again to the Parachute Ranger School (Fallskärmsjägarskolan), and in 2005 the school became a part of the Swedish Armed Forces Special Forces (Försvarsmaktens specialförband, FM SF).

In 2007 the school was split so that the operations part remained in the special forces system while the training company and the parachute division became subordinate to the Life Regiment Hussars. The Parachute Ranger School was discontinued in 2009, and was reorganized into the 323rd Parachute Ranger Company, 32nd Intelligence Battalion (323. Fallskärmsjägarkompaniet, 32. Underrättelsebataljonen), which also carry on the traditions of the Parachute Ranger School.[6] Internally, the school's heraldic arms is used by the company.[7]

Current activities[edit]

The school is currently responsible for all parachute training within the Swedish Armed Forces. Since the 1980s, FJS became more focused on training units focused on long range reconnaissance which is the parachute rangers' main objective today. The school also trains the elite force Särskilda operationsgruppen - Special Operations Group which is an equivalent of the US Delta Force and British 22 SAS - only part of their training is provided by FJS.[citation needed]

Heraldry and traditions[edit]

Colours, standards and guidons[edit]

The Swedish Parachute Ranger School presents one colour. It was drawn by Ingrid Lamby and Kristina Holmgård-Åkerberg and embroidered by machine in appliqué technique by Engelbrektsson Flag factory. The colour was presented to the then Parachute Ranger Training Corps (FJS) at the Artillery Yard in Stockholm by the Supreme Commander, general Owe Wiktorin on 30 April 1996. It was used as corps colour by FJS until 1 July 2000. The colour may be used according to the decisions of CO K 3. Blazon: "On wine red cloth the badge of the school; a spread-out parachute with five cords inside an open chaplet of laurels and in the second and fourth corners the year 1952 divided with two figures in each corner, all yellow."[8]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of the arms of the Swedish Army Paratroop School (FJS) 1952–1994. Blazon: "Azure, a spread-out parachute with five cords inside an open chaplet of laurel, all or."[9] The coat of arms of the Swedish Paratrooper Training Corps (FJS) 1994–2000 and the Swedish Parachute Ranger School since 2000. Blazon: "Purple, a spread-out parachute with five cords inside an open chaplet of laurel, all or".[9]

Medals[edit]

In 2007, the Fallskärmsjägarskolans förtjänstmedalj ("Swedish Parachute Ranger School Medal of Merit") in gold and silver (FJSGM/SM) of the 8th size was established. The medalj ribbon is of purple moiré with a yellow stripe on each side.[10]

Other[edit]

Since 2009, the 323rd Parachute Ranger Company (323. fallskärmsjägarkompaniet) continues the traditions of the Swedish Parachute Ranger School.[11] Internally, the school's heraldic arms is used by the company.[7]

Commanding officers[edit]

  • 1952–1953 – Nils-Ivar Carlborg
  • 1953–1954 – Nils Engelheart
  • 1954–1957 – Torsten Nordin
  • 1957–1959 – Carl-Olof Wrang
  • 1959–1961 – Lars-Erik Sjöström
  • 1961–1962 – Magnus Eriksson
  • 1962–1966 – Rolf Lundkvist
  • 1966–1971 – Magnus Eriksson
  • 1971–1982 – Torbjörn Elming
  • 1982–1987 – Åke Thörnesjö
  • 1987–1989 – Anders Kihl
  • 1989–1990 – Rolf Käck
  • 1990–1992 – Svante Andersson
  • 1992–1995 – Anders Gerhard Lilliestierna
  • 1995–1998 – Lars G Ericsson
  • 1998–2000 – Björn Olsson
  • 2000–2007 – Bo Sköld
  • 2007–2009 – Thomas Hagman

Names, designations and locations[edit]

Names Translation From To
Arméns fallskärmsjägarskola [Swedish] Army Paratroop School[12]
[Swedish] Army Airborne (Jump) School[13]
1952 1994
Fallskärmsjägarkåren [Swedish] Paratrooper Training Corps[8] 1994 2000
Fallskärmsjägarskolan [Swedish] Parachute Ranger School[3]
[Swedish] Paratrooper School[8]
2000 2009
Designations From To
FJS 1952 2009
Locations[5] From To
Karlsborg Garrison/Lv 1 1951 1952
Karlsborg Garrison/Int 2 barackläger 1952 1978-06-01
Karlsborg Garrison/Slutvärnet 1978-06-01 2009

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Karlsborg Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Karlsborgs luftvärnsregemente) (1954–1961), Göta Signal Regiment (1961–1983) and the Life Regiment Hussars (1984–2009)
  2. ^ The motto was adopted in 1951 when the FJS was raised.[1]
  3. ^ The march was adopted in 1956 and was established in 1962 by Army Order 418/1962.[2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Handbok: parad 6: traditionsvård 2017, p. 48
  2. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 67
  3. ^ a b The pocket guide to the Swedish Armed Forces 2009 (PDF). Stockholm: Public Relations Office, Swedish Armed Forces. 2009. p. 49. LIBRIS 11880292.
  4. ^ "Fallskärmsjägarskolans historia" (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 24 November 2005. Archived from the original on 1 October 2006. Retrieved 10 December 2006.
  5. ^ a b "Arméns fallskärmsjägarskola (FJS) > Förteckning" [Army Paratroop School (FJS) > List] (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Livregementets husarer : Fakta och kuriosa kring regementet i Karlsborg" (PDF) (in Swedish). Life Regiment Hussars. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Försvarsmaktens gemensamma identitet – direktiv för användandet av Försvarsmaktens namn, profil och bild" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 16 September 2013. p. 71. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Braunstein 2004, p. 42
  9. ^ a b Braunstein 2006, p. 28
  10. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 128
  11. ^ "Livregementets husarer: Fakta och kuriosa kring regementet i Karlsborg" (PDF) (in Swedish). Life Regiment Hussars. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  12. ^ Gullberg 1977, p. 41
  13. ^ Appich, Jr. 1988, p. 46

Print[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Arméns fallskärmsjägarskola. D. 1 : 1952-1991 : en jubileumsbok (in Swedish). Karlsborg: Stift. Fallskärmsjägarskolans historia. 1992. ISBN 91-630-1182-4. LIBRIS 1519334.
  • FJS 25 år. Örnen, 99-0577903-5 ; 68 (in Swedish). Karlsborg: Arméns fallskärmsjägarskola. 1977. LIBRIS 560399.